Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 25,600,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Increasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.3 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common and locally abundant (Madge and Burn 1993).

Trend justification: The population is estimated to be increasing following increases owing to urban development (Madge and Burn 1993).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Bahrain V Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant Yes
Cape Verde N Extant Yes
Chad N Extant Yes
Djibouti N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Gambia V Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Libya N Extant Yes
Mali N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey V Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
United Arab Emirates Masafi - Tayibah area
Israel Judean desert
Israel Western Negev
Jordan Dana
Jordan Burqu'
Yemen Bab al-Mandab - Mawza
Palestinian Authority Territories Jerusalem wilderness
Jordan Hisma Basin - Rum
Afghanistan North-western steppe
Syria Euphrates valley
Syria Wadi al-Azib
Syria Jabal al-Bishri
Syria Jabal al-Bilas
Syria Jabal Sis
United Arab Emirates Dubai Desert (Nazwa Mountain)
United Arab Emirates Al Marmoom Desert
United Arab Emirates Al Houbara
Yemen Mahwit
Yemen Wadi al-Birayn
Yemen Hiswat al-Hugayma
Jordan Shaumari
Kazakhstan Zhusandala
Kazakhstan Arys-Karaktau State Reserved Zone
Uzbekistan Dengizkul Lake
Uzbekistan Karnabchul Steppe
Turkmenistan Repetek
Turkmenistan Nargyz
Turkmenistan Ersarybaba - Akkyr
Tajikistan Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Topar Lake System
Uzbekistan Buzaubay
Turkmenistan Garashor
Turkmenistan Koymat - Begarslan
Turkmenistan South Cheleken Bay
Uzbekistan Northern part of the Assake-Audan depression
Turkmenistan Uzboy
Turkmenistan Tekejik - Biynekyr
Uzbekistan Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake
Afghanistan Registan desert
Oman Jiddat al Harasis
Uzbekistan Akpetky lakes and surrounding Aralkum Desert
Iraq Razzaza Lake
Iraq Wadi Al-W’eir & Sh'eeb Abu-Talha
Iraq Tharthar Lake and Al-Dhebaeji Fields
Iraq Haditha Wetlands and Baghdadi
Yemen Desert west of Al-Ghayda
Yemen The wooded Mahra
Yemen Ma'rib - Naqil Fardah - Baraqish
Mauritania Lac d'Aleg
Kazakhstan Upper Charyn
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Turkmenistan Akjagaya

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Desert Hot suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater Springs and Oases suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 3700 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Corvus ruficollis. Downloaded from on 25/09/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 25/09/2020.