Brown-headed Parrot Poicephalus cryptoxanthus


Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass 140.0 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,710,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing inferred -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 10 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be locally common (del Hoyo et al. 1997).

Trend justification:

The species is tentatively assessed as being in decline due to habitat loss per Tracewski et al. (2016).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Eswatini N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant Yes
Mozambique N Extant Yes
South Africa N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Zimbabwe N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Eswatini Hlane and Mlawula Game Reserves
Kenya Arabuko-Sokoke Forest
Kenya Dakatcha Woodland
Kenya Dzombo Hill Forest
Kenya Kaya Gandini
Kenya Marenji Forest
Kenya Shimba Hills
Malawi Lengwe National Park
Malawi Liwonde National Park
Mozambique Maputo Special Reserve
South Africa Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park
South Africa Ithala Game Reserve
South Africa Kruger National Park and adjacent areas
South Africa Ndumo Game Reserve
South Africa Songimvelo Nature Reserve
Tanzania Bagamoyo District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Handeni District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Jozani Chwaka Bay National Park
Tanzania Kilombero Valley
Tanzania Kilwa District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Kisarawe District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Lindi District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Mafia Island
Tanzania Mikumi National Park
Tanzania Mnazi Bay
Tanzania Mtwara District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Muheza District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Newala District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Pande Game Reserve and Dondwe Coastal Forests
Tanzania Pangani District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Pemba Island
Tanzania Rufiji Delta
Tanzania Rufiji District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Selous Game Reserve
Tanzania Udzungwa Mountains
Zimbabwe Limpopo - Mwenezi flood-plain and pans
Zimbabwe Save - Runde junction

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Savanna Dry major resident
Altitude 0 - 1200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Poicephalus cryptoxanthus. Downloaded from on 16/10/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 16/10/2019.