LC
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Dowsett, R. J.; Forbes-Watson, A. D. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Tauraco Press, Li
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 4,160,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common (Cheke et al. 2001).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Angola N Extant Yes
Burundi N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant Yes
Mozambique N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant Yes
Zimbabwe N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Angola Calandula (Quedas de Calandula)
Angola Luando Strict Nature Reserve
Angola Mombolo (Missão da Namba)
Angola Mount Moco
Angola Tundavala
Burundi Rwihinda Lake Managed Nature Reserve
Burundi Kibira National Park
Burundi Ruvubu National Park
Burundi Rusizi National Park
Burundi Bururi Forest Nature Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Lendu Plateau
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Mount Hoyo Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Virunga National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Forests west of Lake Edward
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Kahuzi-Biega National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Itombwe Mountains
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Marungu highlands
Kenya Aberdare Mountains
Kenya Kianyaga valleys
Kenya Kikuyu Escarpment forest
Kenya Mount Kenya
Kenya Mukurweini valleys
Kenya Chyulu Hills forests
Kenya Nairobi National Park
Kenya Cherangani Hills
Kenya Lake Elmenteita
Kenya Lake Naivasha
Kenya Lake Nakuru National Park
Kenya Masai Mara
Kenya Mau forest complex
Kenya Mau Narok - Molo grasslands
Kenya North Nandi forest
Kenya South Nandi forest
Kenya South Nguruman
Kenya Kakamega forest
Kenya Mount Elgon (Kenya)
Malawi Misuku Hills Forest Reserves
Malawi Nyika National Park (Malawi)
Malawi Uzumara Forest Reserve
Malawi South Viphya Forest Reserve
Mozambique Chimanimani Mountains (Mozambique)
Rwanda Volcans National Park
Rwanda Akagera National Park
Rwanda Cyamudongo forest
Rwanda Nyungwe National Park
Tanzania Arusha National Park and vicinity
Tanzania Mount Kilimanjaro
Tanzania Lake Manyara
Tanzania Mahali Mountain National Park
Tanzania Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Tanzania Njombe forests
Tanzania North Pare Mountains
Tanzania Mount Rungwe
Tanzania Umalila Mountains
Tanzania Longido Game Controlled Area
Tanzania Loazi-Kalambo Forest Reserves and surrounding area
Uganda Mgahinga Gorilla National Park
Uganda Echuya Forest Reserve
Uganda Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
Uganda Ruwenzori (Rwenzori) Mountains National Park
Uganda Kibale National Park
Uganda Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake George
Uganda Semliki National Park
Uganda Mabira Forest Reserve
Uganda Budongo Forest Reserve
Uganda Mount Elgon National Park
Zambia Nyika National Park (Zambia)
Zimbabwe Nyanga mountains
Zimbabwe Nyanga lowlands/Honde valley
Zimbabwe Stapleford Forest
Zimbabwe Bvumba Highlands
Zimbabwe Banti Forest Reserve
Zimbabwe Chimanimani Mountains (Zimbabwe)
Zambia Mafinga Mountains
Uganda Nabajjuzi Wetland
Uganda Kasyoha-Kitomi Forest Reserve
Tanzania Greater Mahale

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Altitude 1000 - 2350 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Nectarinia kilimensis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/08/2020.