LC
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency low
Land-mass type Average mass 23 g
Range

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 20,900,000 km2 medium
Extent of Occurrence (non-breeding) 54,500,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size 120000000-199999999 mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend decreasing - suspected -
Generation length 5.7 years - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 15,200,000-24,000,000 pairs, which equates to 30,300,000-48,000,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.25% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 121,200,000-192,000,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: In Europe, trends between 1980 and 2013 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Afghanistan extant native yes
Albania extant native
Algeria extant native
Austria extant native yes
Azerbaijan extant native yes
Bahrain extant vagrant yes
Belarus extant native yes
Belgium extant native yes
Bhutan extant native
Bosnia and Herzegovina extant native
Bulgaria extant native yes yes
Canada extant vagrant
China (mainland) extant native
Croatia extant native
Cyprus extant native yes
Czechia extant native yes
Denmark extant native yes yes
Egypt extant native
Estonia extant native yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) extant native yes
Finland extant native yes yes
France extant native yes yes
Germany extant native yes yes
Gibraltar (to UK) extant native
Greece extant native yes yes
Hungary extant native yes
Iceland extant native yes
India extant native
Iran, Islamic Republic of extant native yes
Iraq extant native yes
Ireland extant native yes
Israel extant native
Italy extant native yes yes
Japan extant native
Jordan extant native yes
Kazakhstan extant native yes
Kuwait extant native yes
Kyrgyzstan extant native yes
Latvia extant native yes
Lebanon extant native yes yes
Libya extant vagrant
Liechtenstein extant native yes
Lithuania extant native yes
Luxembourg extant native yes
Malta extant native
Mongolia extant native
Montenegro extant native
Morocco extant native
Nepal extant native
Netherlands extant native yes
North Korea extant native
North Macedonia extant native yes
Norway extant native yes
Oman extant vagrant yes
Pakistan extant native
Palestine extant native yes
Philippines extant native
Poland extant native yes
Portugal extant native yes
Romania extant native yes
Russia extant native yes
Russia (Asian) extant native yes
Russia (Central Asian) extant native yes
Russia (European) extant native yes
Saudi Arabia extant vagrant yes
Serbia extant native
Slovakia extant native yes
Slovenia extant native yes
South Korea extant native
Spain extant native yes
Sweden extant native yes
Switzerland extant native yes
Syria extant native yes
Taiwan, China extant native
Tajikistan extant vagrant
Thailand extant native
Tunisia extant vagrant
Türkiye extant native yes
Turkmenistan extant native yes yes
Ukraine extant native yes yes
United Arab Emirates extant native yes
United Kingdom extant native yes
USA extant vagrant yes
Uzbekistan extant native

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Litokaira
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Luosto
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Russia (European) Yugyd Va
Russia (European) Valley of Sysola river
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Ponoiskaya depression
Russia (European) Yamantau mountain
Russia (European) Verkhnevisherski mountain
Russia (European) Kumikushski wetland
Russia (European) Adovo-Chugrumski wetland
Russia (European) Iremel'ski mountain
Russia (European) Druzhinnoe lake and its outskirts
Russia (European) Vicinity of the Vozhe lake and Charonda marshes
Russia (Central Asian) Bystroistokskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of the Tuy river
Russia (Central Asian) Molebny Kamen' ridge
Russia (Central Asian) Poyasovy Kamen' ridge
Russia (European) Kivach Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Pizhemski reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Pershinsko-Manatkinsky area
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes
Kazakhstan Paradise Valley mountain plateau
Russia (European) Yuzhskoe lake-land
Russia (Central Asian) Dikoye and Epanchino lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shaya Indra lake
Russia (Central Asian) Ust'-Ozerninskiye bogs
Russia (Central Asian) Vizhay river
Russia (Central Asian) Istochnoye, Sredneye and Schuch'ye lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Kataiginskiye bogs
Russia (Central Asian) Vodorazdel'naya
Russia (Central Asian) Yel'tsovskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye
Russia (Central Asian) Basins of the Schuchya and Khadytayakha rivers
Russia (Central Asian) Kondinskiye lakes
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of the Northern Ural
Russia (Central Asian) Zaikovo forest
Russia (Central Asian) Visimsky zapovednik and vicinity
Russia (Central Asian) Zapovednik "Denezhkin Kamen'"
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of the Northern Ural
Russia (Central Asian) Russkoye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoy and Maly Akh lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Kileinoye bog
Russia (Central Asian) Teletskoye lake
Norway Øvre Pasvik
Norway Reisa
Norway Øvre Anárjohka
Russia (Asian) Schast'ya Gulf
Russia (Asian) Udyl' lake
Russia (Asian) Mukhtel' lake
Russia (Asian) Dal'dzi lake
Russia (Asian) Evoron-Chukchagirskoye depression
Russia (Asian) Forty Islands
Russia (Asian) Northern slope of Khamar-Daban mountains
Russia (Asian) Tunkin valley
Russia (Asian) Muna-Besyuke

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Fringilla montifringilla. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/brambling-fringilla-montifringilla on 01/03/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 01/03/2024.