Bornean Crestless Fireback Lophura pyronota


Taxonomic note

Lophura erythrophthalma and L. pyronota (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) were previously lumped as L. erythrophthalma following Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- A2cd+3cd+4cd A2cd+3cd+4cd

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2022 Endangered A2cd+3cd+4cd
2016 Vulnerable A2cd+3cd+4cd
2014 Vulnerable A2cd+3cd+4cd
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 700,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing poor inferred -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 50-70 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 50-70 - - -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation 1-89 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.2 - - -

Population justification: There is no robust estimate for this species and its exact habitat requirements are improperly known such that a population size is now difficult to assume. There are few recent records and the species appears to be scarce and localised. Ascertaining this species' persistence in smaller forest patches should be considered a priority for research as well as developing density estimates to produce a new global population estimate.

Trend justification: The species is dependent on forest cover (either primary forest or mature secondary); consequently the population impact of forest cover loss is expected to be equal to or greater than the rate of loss. 43-51% of forest cover (with greater than 30% canopy cover) has been lost over the past three generations (21.6 years) (Global Forest Watch [2021] using data from Hansen et al. [2013] and methods disclosed therein). This value does not account for the impact of forest degradation: the average forest patch size in this species' range fell from 6,501 km2 to 599 km2 between 2000 and 2018, while the number of patches rose from 51 to 291 (Savini et al. 2021), indicating large-scale fragmentation. It is unclear how well this species persists in smaller habitat fragments, but this matrix makes it intrinsically more vulnerable to hunting pressures. While the impact of fragmentation and hunting remain unquantified, rates of forest cover loss are considered to represent the minimum rates of population decline for this species and an overall decline of 50-70% is suspected.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Brunei N Extant Yes
Indonesia N Extant Yes
Malaysia N Possibly Extinct Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Indonesia Gunung Palung
Indonesia Tanjung Puting
Indonesia Ulu Barito
Indonesia Gunung Beratus
Indonesia Hutan Samarinda-Balikpapan
Malaysia Mulu - Buda Protected Area
Malaysia Kabili-Sepilok
Malaysia Mount Kinabalu
Malaysia Kinabatangan floodplain
Malaysia Tanjung Datu-Samunsam Protected Area
Malaysia Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary
Malaysia Dulit Range
Malaysia Similajau National Park
Brunei Belait Swamp Forest
Brunei Ulu Temburong
Brunei Southern Ladan Hills
Brunei Seria Coast

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Altitude 0 - 300 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Lophura pyronota. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/03/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/03/2023.