Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus


Aghababyan, K. & Stepanyan, H. 2020. Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus (J. F. Gmelin, 1788) in Armenia: Update on Conservation Status. Journal of Life Sciences 14: 14-21.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

BirdLife International. In prep.. European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.

Brown, L.H., Urban, E.K. and Newman, K. 1982. The Birds of Africa, Volume I. Academic Press, London.

del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1994. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Derlink, M., Wernham, C., Bertoncelj, I., Kovács, A., Saurola, P., Duke, G., Movalli, P. and Vrezec, A. 2018. A review of raptor and owl monitoring activity across Europe: its implications for capacity building towards pan-European monitoring. Bird Study 65: S4-S20.

Ferguson-Lees, J. and Christie, D.A. 2001. Raptors of the World. Christopher Helm, London.

Garcia Dios, I. S. & Vinuela, J. 2000. Effect of forest management activities on breeding success of the Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus) in the Tietar Valley. Ardeola 47(2): 183-190.

Garrido, J. R., Numa, C., Barrios, V. et al. In prep. The conservation status and distribution of the breeding birds of prey in Northern Africa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species - Regional Assessment .

Global Raptor Information Network. 2021. Species account: Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus. Available at:

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Martinez-Lopez, E., Maria-Mojica, P., Martinez, J.E., Calvo, J.F., Wright, J., Shore, R.F., Romero, D. and Garcia-Fernandez, A.J. 2007. Organochlorine residues in booted eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus) and goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) eggs from southeastern Spain. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 26(11): 2373-2378.

Martinez, J. E., Zuberogoitia, I., Jimenez-Franco, M. V., Manosa, S. & Calvo, J. F. 2016. Spatio-temporal variations in mortality causes of two migratory forest raptors in Spain. European Journal of Wildlife Research 62: 109-118.

Orta, J. and Boesman, P. 2013. Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus). In: J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D.A. Christie, & E. de Juana (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Orta, J., P. F. D. Boesman, and J. S. Marks. 2020. Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus), version 1.0. In: J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana (eds), Birds of the World, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY.

RSPB. 2017. Where eagles die. Legal Eagle 81: 23.

STRIX. 2012. Developing and testing the methodology for assessing and mapping the sensitivity of migratory birds to wind energy development. BirdLife International, Cambridge.

Thiollay, J.-M. 2007. Raptor population decline in West Africa. Ostrich 78(2): 405-413.

Tucker, G.M. and Heath, M.F. 1994. Birds in Europe: Their Conservation Status. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Hieraaetus pennatus. Downloaded from on 10/12/2023.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 10/12/2023.