LC
Bluethroat Cyanecula svecica



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Cyanecula svecica (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) was previously placed in the genus Luscinia following AERC TAC (2003); AOU (1998 & supplements); Cramp et al. (1977-1994); Dowsett & Forbes-Watson (1993); Sibley & Monroe (1990, 1993).

 

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass 18 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 35,500,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 58,100,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 35000000-64999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.2 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 4,460,000-7,760,000 pairs, which equates to 8,930,000-15,500,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately 25% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 35,720,000-62,000,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. National population estimates include: c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in China; < c.50 individuals on migration and < c.50 wintering individuals in Taiwan; < c.1,000 individuals on migration and < c.1,000 wintering individuals in Korea; < c.50 individuals on migration and < c.50 wintering individuals in Japan and c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The European population is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015). In the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats, the global population is tentatively assessed as being stable.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant
Bhutan V Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant
Burkina Faso N Extant
Cambodia N Extant
Canada N Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire V Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gambia V Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant
Greece N Extant Yes
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein V Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger V Extant
Nigeria N Extant
Norway N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
South Korea V Extant
Spain N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China V Extant
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Thailand N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant
United Kingdom N Extant Yes Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Serbia Carska bara
Serbia Slano Kopovo
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Belarus Balota Zvaniec
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belarus Lower Pripyat
Belarus Bielaje fish farm
Belarus Sož floodplain
Belarus Vyhanaščanskija baloty
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Lithuania Metelys, Dusia & Obelija lakes
Lithuania Zaltytis
Lithuania Valley of Sirvinta River
Portugal Ria de Aveiro
Portugal Paul do Taipal
Portugal Tejo estuary
Belgium Bassin de la Haine
Belgium Mechelse Heide en de Vallei van de Ziepbeek
Belgium De Maten
Belgium Bokrijk
Belgium Vijverkomplex van Midden Limburg
Belgium Hamonterheide, Hageven, Buitenheide, Mariahof en Stamprooierbroek
Belgium Gebieden gelegen te Houthalen-Helchteren en Meeuwen-Gruitrode
Belgium Gebieden gelegen te Peer en Hechtel-Eksel
Belgium Vallei van de Zwarte Beek
Belgium Demervallei
Belgium Ronde Put
Belgium Zegge
Belgium Gebieden ten noorden van Turnhout en Ravels
Belgium De Maatjes, Wuustwezel Heide en Groot Schietveld
Belgium Kuifeend and Blokkersdijk
Belgium Schorren en Polder van de Beneden-Schelde
Belgium Durme en Middenloop van de Schelde
Belgium Krekengebied
Belgium Polderkomplex
Belgium Zwin
Belgium Vallée de la Dyle
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Lower Bug river valley
Poland Liwiec river valley
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley
Poland Chelm calcareous marshes
Poland Tatra mountains
Poland Notec river flood-plain
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Druzno lake
Poland Zegrzynski reservoir
Poland Nietlice marshes
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Tysmienica river valley
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Marshy Valley of the Narew River
Poland Ner River Valley
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Swidwie lake
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Poland Starzawa ponds
Poland Narew river gaps
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Ilawa Forest
Poland Slesin and Wystep ponds
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Netherlands Biesbosch
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen
Netherlands Lepelaarplassen
Netherlands Deurnsche Peel & Mariapeel
Netherlands Groote Peel
Netherlands Kampina & Oisterwijkse Vennen
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Ahmasjärvi lake
Finland Haapavesi wetlands
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Pöyrisvuoma mire protection area
Finland Luosto
Finland Kevo
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Hungary Lake Fertő
Spain Gredos and Candelario mountain ranges
Spain Tietar valley
Spain Iruelas valley
Ukraine Sul's'ka bay
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Petropavlivs'kyj lyman
Ukraine Velykomykhailivskyj forest
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Mzha river valley
Ukraine Samara river valley
Ukraine Ikva river valley
Ukraine Vovk river valley
France Basse Vallée de la Durance
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Pointe de Grave
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Baie de Vilaine
France Etangs d'Argonne
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Marais de Balançon et de Villiers
France Estuaire de la Charente
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Bonne Anse
France Marais et estuaire de la Seudre
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
France Marais arrières littoraux picards
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme
France Marais de Sacy
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Marais de Brière
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Marais salants de Noirmoutier
France Marais de Mazerolles-Petit Mars
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France Iles du Haut-Rhône
France Lac et marais du Bourget
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Domaine d'Orx
France Réserve Naturelle du courant d'Huchet
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Cap Gris-nez
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Marais de Manteyer
France Basse vallée du Var
France Haute chaîne du Jura: défilé de l'écluse, Etournel et Mont Vuache
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Scrivia stream
Czechia Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains)
Czechia Hermansky stav-Odra-Poolsi wetlands
Denmark Ho Bugt meadows
Denmark Ribe Holme and meadows at Kongeåen
Denmark Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø
Denmark Ballum og Husum Enge, Kamper strandenge
Serbia Becej fish-pond
Serbia Jegricka
Georgia Javakheti Plateau
Austria Austrian part of Hanság
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria Neusiedler See
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Riverine forests in the Tullnerfeld
Austria Wachau
Austria Fish-ponds in the Waldviertel
Austria Machland
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Austria Ibmer Moor
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Austria Styrian Enns valley
Austria Niedere Tauern
Austria Silvretta and Verwall
Austria Hundsfeld
Germany Rietzer See
Germany Ueckermünder Heide
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Peenetal (Peenetalmoor and Anklamer Stadtbruch)
Germany Putzarer See, Galenbecker See, Brohmer Berge
Germany Isar valley: Gottfrieding - Plattling incl. Isar mouth
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Rötelsee-Weihergebiet incl. Regenaue and Chambaue
Germany Charlottenhofer Weihergebiet and Hirtlohweiher
Germany Vogelfreistätte Alter and Neuer See
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Aisch-Regnitz-Grund
Germany Main valley near Schweinfurt
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Federseeried
Germany Hördter Rheinaue
Germany Gimbsheim-Eicher Altrhein und Fischsee
Germany Ostfriesische Meere
Germany Fehntjer Tief
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Schwalm-Nette-Platte and Grenzwald
Germany Helme reservoir Berga-Kelbra
Germany Bogs and heathlands of the Westmünsterland
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Rodachaue / Itzgrund / Oberes Maintal incl. Nassanger near Trieb and surrounding gravel pits
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Lech-Donau-Winkel: Lechstausee Feldheim and Donaustausee Bertoldsheim
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Oberes Rhinluch / Havelländisches Luch Nauen-Friesack
Germany Eschefeld ponds
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Oberlausitz heathland and fishponds biosphere reserve
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Rhine flats Altlußheim-Mannheim
Germany Blockland - lower Wümme valley - Westliches Hollerland
Germany Werderland
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Bastau lowlands
Germany Heubachniederung/ Schwarzes Venn/ Borkenberge/ Halterner Seen
Germany Rieselfelder Münster
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Rheiderland
Germany Ems valley between Leer and Emden
Germany Lower reaches of River Weser, unembanked area
Germany Lower reaches of River Weser, embanked area
Germany Winsener Elbmarsch
Germany Leine valley near Salzderhelden
Germany Engerhafer Meede
Germany Esterweger Dose
Germany Valley of River Ems
Germany Norden-Esens, inland
Germany Diepholzer Moorniederung and Siedener Moor
Germany Tinner Dose and Staverner Dose
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Wümme lowlands and St. Jürgensland
Germany Dalum Wietmarscher swamp
Germany Georgsdorfer swamp
Germany Jammertal
Germany Uckermark lake region
Germany Murnauer Moos and Loisach-Kochel-Moore
Germany Fiener Bruch
Germany Salziger See and Salza valley
Germany Krummhörn-Westermarsch
Germany Pinneberg Elbe lowlands
Germany Lahn valley from Marburg to Wetzlar
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Alluvion of the Lower Schwalm near Borken
Germany Eder alluvion
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Alluvion of the middle Horloff
Germany Silzenwiesen and Bruch near Stettfeld
Germany Philippsburger Altrhein and Rheinschanzinsel
Germany Rhine flats Karlsruhe - Rheinsheim
Belgium De Dijlevallei
Croatia Donji Miholjac fish-ponds
Sweden River Ume Delta and Plains
Belarus Balota Jel'nia
Belarus Prostyr
Estonia Võrtsjärv
Estonia Soomaa
Czechia Trebonsko (Trebon region)
Czechia Ceskolipsko - Dokeské pískovce sandstones and wetlands
Czechia Ceskobudejovicke rybniky ponds
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtuguz Lake
Latvia Lielupe flood-plain meadows
Latvia Adazi
Latvia Aiviekste flood-plain
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds
Latvia Kuja
Latvia Svete lower reaches
Portugal Barrinha de Esmoriz/Lagoa de Paramos
Portugal Mondego Estuary
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Etang du Bagnas
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Vallée de la Charente : amont d'Angoulême
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Basses Vallées Angevines
France Rade de Lorient
France Vallée de l'Aube, de la Superbe et Marigny
France Estuaire de la Canche
France Plaine de Niort (sud-est)
France Plaine de Niort (nord-ouest)
France Forêts picardes : Compiègne, Laigue, Ourscamp
France Vallée de l'Oise de Thourotte à Vendeuil
France Plaine calcaire du sud Vendée
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Yuribey
Russia (Central Asian) Upper and Middle Yuribey
Lithuania Zuvintas Biosphere Reserve
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dez river marshes and plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karun river marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Susangerd marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Lithuania Kazimieravas lake with surrounding wetlands
Lithuania Birzulius-Stervas marshes complex
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Pielachtal
Austria Hohe Tauern National Park
Austria Meadows and lakes in the foreland of the Alps in Salzburg and Upper Austria
Ukraine Serednyotomakivske reservior
Sweden Western part of Lake Mälaren
Poland Rozwarowo Marshes
Poland Bubnow Marsh
Italy River Mincio and Bosco Fontana
Poland Upper Wisla River Valley
Italy Vercelli rice-fields
Poland Pasleka river valley
Poland Middle Bug river valley
Poland Weltyn lakes
Sweden Middagsfjället – Dörrshöjden
Poland Cedynia Site
Poland Goleniow Forest
Poland Witnica-Debno Site
Poland Forest at Drawa River
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Calowanie Swamp
Poland Pilica River Valley
Poland Dobskie Lake
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Samica Valley
Poland Mala Welna River Valley
Poland Podedworze Reservoir
Poland Mosty-Zahajki Site
Poland Polesie
Poland Por River Valley
Poland Tyszowce Site
Poland Upper Huczwa River Catchment
Poland Szyszla River Valley
Poland Karkonosze Mountains
Poland Lower Skawa River Valley
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains
Portugal Vila Fernando
Netherlands Haringvliet
Netherlands Gelderse Poort
Netherlands Bargerveen
Poland Bzura River Valley
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Croatia Podunavlje and Lower Podravlje
Croatia Middle Drava River
Croatia Upper Drava River
Finland Riisitunturi
Poland Upper Vistula River Valley
Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe
Netherlands Lauwersmeer
Germany Esterweger Dose
Germany Hamme lowlands
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Ismaninger Speichersee and fish ponds
Germany Ammersee
Germany Chiemsee and Chiemseemoore
Germany Vogelfreistätte Mittlere Isar-Stauseen
Germany Seeburger See
Germany Gandersum/Lange Maar
Germany Mecklenburgische Schweiz
Germany Recknitz and Trebel valley
Germany Dollart
Germany Einswarder Plate / Tegeler Plate
Germany Rysumer Nacken
Germany Gildehauser Venn
Germany Drennhauser Hinterdeich
Germany Georgsdorfer and Dalum-Wietmarscher Moor and Alte Piccardie
Germany Uckertal / Unteruckersee
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany Voslapper Groden
Germany Rhine flats Elchesheim-Karlsruhe
Germany Donauried
Germany St. Leoner Bruch and Reilinger Wiesen
Germany Lowlands of the Rivers Eider, Treene and Sorge
Germany Wetterau
Germany Schwalmaue around Schwalmstadt
Germany Neckar oxbows in the Hessian Ried
Germany Lower Gersprenz lowlands incl. Reinheim pond
Germany Obersuhl lowlands
Germany Untermain
Germany Eder alluvion
Germany Ponds and forests near Maulbronn
Germany Rheinaue Bingen-Ingelheim
Germany Nuthe - Nieplitz lowlands
Germany Werra meadows near Bad Salzungen
Germany Elbe lowlands Jerichow
Germany Eich-Gimbsheimer Altrhein, northern oxbow
Germany Eich-Gimbsheimer Altrhein, southern oxbow
Germany Mechtersheim clay pit
Germany Selz valley between Hahnheim and Ingelheim
Germany Reedbeds between Gimbsheim and Oppenheim incl. Fischsee
Germany Bobenheim-Roxheimer Altrhein with Silbersee
Germany Berghausener and Lingenfelder Altrhein incl. Flotzgrün island
Germany Gotteskoogsee
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Haaler Au lowlands
Germany Kudensee
Romania Comana
Luxembourg Valley of the Ernze Blanche
Luxembourg Haff Réimech
Luxembourg Valley of the Syre
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Alzette
Kyrgyzstan Karkyra Valley
Poland Peatbogs at Wieprz River
Poland Irrigation Fields in Wroclaw
Poland Karas Lake
Hungary Sárvíz Valley
Denmark Stadil Fjord and Veststadil Fjord
Hungary Velence Lake–Dinnyés Lake
Lithuania Wetland complex of the Baltoji Voke fish-farm with neighbouring turbary and lake Papis
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Poland Swidwie Site
Poland Oswin site
Poland Orzysz Military Area
Poland Upper Narew River Valley
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Lower Narew River Valley
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Poland Lower Notec River Valley
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Poland Rogalin Site
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Przemków ponds
Poland Malopolska Wisla river gap
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Nielisz Site
Poland Roztocze
Poland Solokija River Valley
Poland Nysa reservoir
Poland Upper Odra River Valley
Poland Brzeszcze ponds
Poland Pulwy Marshes
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley
Poland Widawa and Olesnica River Valley
Poland Kuznica Warezynska Reservoir
Poland Wloszczowa Basin
Poland Kurpie Site
Poland Kwiecewo Site
Poland Satopy-Samulewo Site
Poland Sandomierz Forest
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains
Poland Swietokrzyskie Vistula River Valley
Poland Sredzka Struga and Maskawa River Valley
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
Denmark Rømø
Denmark Tinglev Mose and Sø
Denmark Vadehavet (Wadden Sea)
Estonia Väinameri
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Netherlands Rijntakken
Sweden Sjaunja
Sweden Påkketan
Sweden Taavavuoma
Sweden Lake Tjålme – Valley of Lais
Sweden Lake Laidaure
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Serbia Becej fishpond
Serbia Carska Bara
Serbia Okanj I Rusanda
Serbia Srednje Potamišje

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Aquaculture Ponds suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Tundra suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater Springs and Oases suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching - Agro-industry grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Causing/Could cause fluctuations Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching - Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Causing/Could cause fluctuations Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Biological resource use Gathering terrestrial plants - Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Causing/Could cause fluctuations Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases - Unspecified species Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Causing/Could cause fluctuations Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Cyanecula svecica. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/06/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/06/2020.