Blue-throated Macaw Ara glaucogularis


Anon. 2008. Important advances for the Blue-throated Macaw. Cyanopsitta: 14.

Anon. 2012. A permanent field station in Bolivia to protect the Blue-throated Macaw. Cyanopsitta 100: 27.

Anon. 2014a. Blue-throated Macaw project, Bolivia. Cyanopsitta 104: 28-29.

Anon. 2014b. Protected Habitat Doubles for Magnificent and Endangered Blue-throated Macaw. Surfbirds Available at: (Accessed: 24/06/2015).

Asociación Armonía. 2017. Record sighting of 155 Blue-throated Macaws confirms steady population growth at Barba Azul Nature Reserve. Available at: (Accessed: 27/06/2018).

Asociación Armonía. 2018. Nest boxes: a lifeline for the Blue-throated Macaw. Available at: (Accessed: 27/06/2018).

Berkunsky, I., Daniele, G., Kacoliris, F.P., Díaz-Luque, J.A., Silva Frias, C.P., Aramburu, R.M. and Gilardi, J.D. 2014. Reproductive parameters in the critically endangered Blue-throated Macaw: limits to the recovery of a parrot under intensive management. PLoS ONE 9(6): e99941.

Berkunsky, I., Díaz Luque, J.A., Kacoliris, F.P., Daniele, G., Milpacher, S., Gilardi, J.D. and Martin, S. 2012. Blue-throated Macaw: 10 years. PsittaScene 24: 3-5.

Berkunsky, I., Luque, J. A. D. and Daniele, G. 2011. Black market Blue-throats. PsittaScene 23: 6-7.

BirdLife International. 2008. First protected area established for Critically Endangered Blue-throated Macaw. Available at: #

Duffield, G. E.; Hesse, A. J. 1997. Ecology and conservation of the Blue-throated Macaw. PsittaScene 9: 10-11.

Gould, R.W. 2013a. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Listing the Blue-Throated Macaw. Federal Register 78(7): 2239-2249.

Gould, R.W. 2013b. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Listing the Blue- throated Macaw - Final rule. Federal Register Online Available at: (Accessed: 24/06/2015).

Hesse, A. 1998. Conservation of the Blue-throated Macaw Ara glaucogularis. In: Loro Parque (ed.), IV International parrot convention, pp. 104-109. Loro Parque, Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife.

Loro Parque Fundación/Asociación Armonía. 2003. Salvando la Paraba Barba Azul Ara glaucogularis: Un plan de recuperación para la especie.

Maestri, M.L.; Ferrati, R.; Berkunsky, I. 2017. Evaluating management strategies in the conservation of the critically endangered Blue-throated Macaw (Ara glaucogularis). Ecological Modelling 361: 74-79.

Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Agua. 2009. Libro rojo de la fauna silvestre de vertebrados de Bolivia. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Agua, La Paz, Bolivia.

Strem, R.I. and Bouzat, J.L. 2012. Population Viability Analysis of the Blue-throated Macaw (Ara glaucogularis) using individual-based and cohort-based PVA programs. The Open Conservation Biology Journal 6: 12-24.

Tobias, J. 2003. A survey for the Blue-throated Macaw Ara glaucogularis in the Paraparau region, Dpto. Beni.

Waugh, D. 2007. Sensational new discovery of Blue-throated Macaws in Bolivia. AFA Watchbird 34(3): 53.

Yamashita, C.; Machado de Barros, Y. 1997. The Blue-throated Macaw Ara glaucogularis: characterization of its distinctive habitats in savannahs of the Beni, Bolivia. Ararajuba 52: 141-150.

Further resources

Detailed species account from the Threatened birds of the Americas: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 1992). Please note, taxonomic treatment and IUCN Red List category may have changed since publication.

Recuento detallado de la especie tomado del libro Aves Amenazadas de las Americas, Libro Rojo de BirdLife International (BirdLife International 1992). Nota: la taxonomoía y la categoría de la Lista Roja de la UICN pudo haber cambiado desde esta publicación.

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Ara glaucogularis. Downloaded from on 26/09/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 26/09/2021.