Blue-throated Macaw Ara glaucogularis


Anon. 2002. The Blue-throated Macaw conservation programme: new insights and a species recovery plan. Cyanopsitta 64: 10-16.

Anon. 2008. Important advances for the Blue-throated Macaw. Cyanopsitta: 14.

Anon. 2012. A permanent field station in Bolivia to protect the Blue-throated Macaw. Cyanopsitta 100: 27.

Anon. 2014a. Blue-throated Macaw project, Bolivia. Cyanopsitta 104: 28-29.

Anon. 2014b. Protected Habitat Doubles for Magnificent and Endangered Blue-throated Macaw. Surfbirds Available at: (Accessed: 24/06/2015).

Armonia. 2001. Blue-throated Macaw Conservation Project. Beni, Bolivia.

Berkunsky, I., Cepeda, R.E., Marinelli, C., Simoy, M.V., Daniele, G., Kacoliris, F.P., Díaz, J.A., Gandoy, F., Aramburú, R.M. & & Gilardi, J.D. 2016. Occupancy and abundance of large macaws in the Beni savannahs, Bolivia. Oryx 50(1): 113-120.

Berkunsky, I., Daniele, G., Kacoliris, F.P., Díaz-Luque, J.A., Silva Frias, C.P., Aramburu, R.M. and Gilardi, J.D. 2014. Reproductive parameters in the critically endangered Blue-throated Macaw: limits to the recovery of a parrot under intensive management. PLoS ONE 9(6): e99941.

Berkunsky, I., Díaz Luque, J.A., Kacoliris, F.P., Daniele, G., Milpacher, S., Gilardi, J.D. and Martin, S. 2012. Blue-throated Macaw: 10 years. PsittaScene 24: 3-5.

Berkunsky, I., Luque, J. A. D. and Daniele, G. 2011. Black market Blue-throats. PsittaScene 23: 6-7.

BirdLife International. 2008. First protected area established for Critically Endangered Blue-throated Macaw. Available at: #

Collar, N. J.; Butchart, S. H. M. 2013. Conservation breeding and avian diversity: chances and challenges. International Zoo Yearbook 48(1): 7-28.

Collar, N. J.; Gonzaga, L. P.; Krabbe, N.; Madroño Nieto, A.; Naranjo, L. G.; Parker, T. A.; Wege, D. C. 1992. Threatened birds of the Americas: the ICBP/IUCN Red Data Book. International Council for Bird Preservation, Cambridge, U.K.

Collar, N.; Boesman, P.; Sharpe, C.J. 2014. Blue-throated Macaw (Ara glaucogularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Duffield, G. E.; Hesse, A. J. 1997. Ecology and conservation of the Blue-throated Macaw. PsittaScene 9: 10-11.

Gould, R.W. 2013a. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Listing the Blue-Throated Macaw. Federal Register 78(7): 2239-2249.

Gould, R.W. 2013b. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Listing the Blue- throated Macaw - Final rule. Federal Register Online Available at: (Accessed: 24/06/2015).

Herrera, M.; Hennessey, A. B. 2007. Quantifying the illegal parrot trade in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, with emphasis on threatened species. Bird Conservation International 17: 295-300.

Herzog, S.K.; Maillard Z., O.; Embert, D.; Caballero, P.; Quiroga, D. 2012. Range size estimates of Bolivian endemic bird species revisited: the importance of environmental data and national expert knowledge. J. Orn. 153 (4): 1189-1202.

Hesse, A. 1998. Conservation of the Blue-throated Macaw Ara glaucogularis. In: Loro Parque (ed.), IV International parrot convention, pp. 104-109. Loro Parque, Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife.

Hesse, A. J. 1996. Red alert for Blue-throated Macaw. Cyanopsitta 41: 2-3.

Hesse, A. J.; Duffield, G. E. 2000. The status and conservation of the Blue-throated Macaw Ara glaucogularis. Bird Conservation International 10: 255-275.

Loro Parque Fundación/Asociación Armonía. 2003. Salvando la Paraba Barba Azul Ara glaucogularis: Un plan de recuperación para la especie.

Milpacher, S. 2013. Reintroduction Considerations. PsittaScene 25(2): 10-11.

Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Agua. 2009. Libro rojo de la fauna silvestre de vertebrados de Bolivia. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Agua, La Paz, Bolivia.

Snyder, N.; McGowan, P.; Gilardi, J.; Grajal, A. 2000. Parrots: status survey and conservation action plan 2000-2004. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Strem, R.I. and Bouzat, J.L. 2012. Population Viability Analysis of the Blue-throated Macaw (Ara glaucogularis) using individual-based and cohort-based PVA programs. The Open Conservation Biology Journal 6: 12-24.

Tobias, J. 2003. A survey for the Blue-throated Macaw Ara glaucogularis in the Paraparau region, Dpto. Beni.

Waugh, D. 2007. Sensational new discovery of Blue-throated Macaws in Bolivia. AFA Watchbird 34(3): 53.

Yamashita, C.; Machado de Barros, Y. 1997. The Blue-throated Macaw Ara glaucogularis: characterization of its distinctive habitats in savannahs of the Beni, Bolivia. Ararajuba 52: 141-150.

Further resources

Detailed species account from the Threatened birds of the Americas: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 1992). Please note, taxonomic treatment and IUCN Red List category may have changed since publication.

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Recuento detallado de la especie tomado del libro Aves Amenazadas de las Americas, Libro Rojo de BirdLife International (BirdLife International 1992). Nota: la taxonomoía y la categoría de la Lista Roja de la UICN pudo haber cambiado desde esta publicación.

Search for photos, videos and sounds of this species in the Internet Bird Collection.

Species Guardian Action Update

Media resources
Arkive species - Blue-throated macaw (Ara glaucogularis) 0

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Species factsheet: Ara glaucogularis. Downloaded from on 19/08/2018. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2018) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 19/08/2018.