NT
Blue-streaked Lory Eos reticulata



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Near Threatened B1b(ii,iii,v)
2018 Near Threatened A3cd; B1ab(ii,iii,v)
2016 Near Threatened A3cd;B1ab(iii,v)
2012 Near Threatened A3cd;B1ab(iii,v)
2008 Near Threatened A3c,d; B1a+b(iii,v)
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 13,800 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 112000-182000 medium inferred 1997
Population trend Decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7 - - -

Population justification: A field survey in 1993 on Yamdena Island, which represents c.55% of the species’s global range, revealed an estimated 220,000 ± 52,000 individuals (Jepsen et al. 2001). This roughly equates to 112,000-181,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 112,000-182,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The population is tentatively suspected to be in decline due to loss and degradation of its habitat and trapping for the cagebird trade, but the trend has not been estimated directly. Tracewski et al. (2016) measured the forest loss within the species’s range between 2000 and 2012 as c. 58 km2. This roughly equates to a rate of forest loss of 4.5% over three generations (21 years) for the species. Blue-streaked Lory seems to prefer secondary forest and plantations over primary forest (Collar and Boesman 2019), so forest loss alone may not drive a significant population decline. The species is caught for the cagebird trade, albeit at low numbers (Shepherd et al. 2004, Shepherd 2006, Chng et al. 2016). At the moment, there is no strong quantification of the extent to which capture for trade is driving declines in this species. Overall, it is currently not possible to estimate a population trend, although the species is tentatively considered to be undergoing a decline.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Indonesia N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Indonesia Pulau Babar
Indonesia Pulau Damar

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Eos reticulata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2020.