Blue Petrel Halobaena caerulea


Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., Şekercioğlu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261.

Bried, J., Pontier, D., & Jouventin, P. 2003. Mate fidelity in monogamous birds: a re-examination of the Procellariiformes. Animal Behaviour 65(1): 235-246.

Brodier, S., Pisanu, B., Villers, A., Pettex, E., Lioret, M., Chapuis, J.-L. & Bretagnolle, V. 2011. Responses of seabirds to the rabbit eradication on Ile Verte, sub-Antarctic Kerguelen Archipelago. Animal Conservation 14: 459–465.

Brooke, M. de L. 2004. Albatrosses and Petrels Across the World. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Carboneras, C., Jutglar, F. & Kirwan, G. M. 2020. Blue Petrel (Halobaena caerulea), version 1.0. In Birds of the World, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Ithaca, NY, USA. Available at: (Accessed: 26th August).

Cerfonteyn, M., and Ryan, P.G. 2016. Have burrowing petrels recovered on Marion Island two decades after cats were eradicated? Evidence from sub-Antarctic skua prey remains. Antarctic Science 28(1): 51-57.

Cherel, Y.; Weimerskirch, H.; Trouve, C. 2002. Dietary evidence for spatial foraging segregation in sympatric albatrosses (Diomedea spp.) rearing chicks at Iles Nuageuses, Kerguelen. Marine Biology 141: 1117-1129.

Cooper, J., Marais, A.v. N., Bloomer, J. P. & Bester, M. N. 1995. A success story: breeding of burrowing petrels (Procellariidae) before and after the extinction of feral cats Felis catus at subantarctic Marion Island. Marine Ornithology 23(1): 33-37.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Dilley, B.J., Davies, D., Schramm, M., Connan, M., and Ryan, P.G. 2017. The distribution and abundance of Blue Petrels (Halobaena caerulea) breeding at subantarctic Marion Island. Emu- Austral Ornithology 117(3): 222-232.

Dilley, B.J., Hedding, D.W., Henry, D.A.W, Rexer-Huber, K., Parker, G.C., Schoombie, S., Osborne, A., and Ryan, P.G. 2019. Clustered or dispersed: testing the effect of sampling strategy to census burrow-nesting petrels with varied distributions at sub-Antarctic Marion Island. Antarctic Science: 1-12.

IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available at: (Accessed: 10 December 2020).

Pacoureau, N., Gaget, E., Delord, K., and Barbraud, C. 2019. Prey remains of brown skua is evidence of the long-term decline in burrow occupancy of blue petrels and thin-billed prions at Mayes Island, Kergulen. Polar Biology 42: 1873-1879.

Prince, P. A.; Croxall, J. P. 1996. The birds of South Georgia. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 116: 81-96.

Further resources

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Halobaena caerulea. Downloaded from on 29/11/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 29/11/2022.