Blue-headed Macaw Primolius couloni


Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

Collar, N.; Boesman, P. F. D.; Sharpe, C. J. 2020. Blue-headed Macaw (Primolius couloni), version 1.0. Ithaca, NY, USA Available at:

Gastañaga, M., Macleod, R., Hennessey, R. B., Ugarte Núñez, J., Puse, E., Arrascue, A., Hoyos, J., Maldonado Chambi, W., Vasquez, J., Engblom, G. 2011. A study of the parrot trade in Peru and the potential importance of internal trade for threatened species. Bird Conservation International 21: 76-85.

Global Forest Watch. 2021. Interactive Forest Change Mapping Tool. Available at:

Herrera, M.; Hennessey, B. 2008. Monitoring results of the illegal parrot trade in the Los Pozos market, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia. Fourth International Partners in Flight Conference: Tundra to Tropics.

IUCN, S. S. C.; TRAFFIC. 2002. IUCN analyses of proposals to amend the CITES appendices.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Tobias, J. A.; Brightsmith, D. J. 2007. Distribution, ecology and conservation status of the Blue-headed Macaw Primolius couloni. Biological Conservation 139(1-2): 126-138.

Torres-Sovero, C.; Lloyd, H.; Brightsmith, D. J. 2014. Uso de collpa y otras observaciones del Maracana Cabeciazul (Primolius couloni) en el sureste de Perú. Ornitología Neotropical 25: 87-94.

Further resources

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Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Primolius couloni. Downloaded from on 01/10/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 01/10/2022.