LC
Blue-headed Bee-eater Merops muelleri



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2011 Least Concern
2008 Not Recognised
2004 Not Recognised
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,690,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 0
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.2 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be not uncommon and rare to locally common (del Hoyo et al. 2001).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to habitat loss and over-grazing by cattle (del Hoyo et al. 2001).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Central African Republic N Extant Yes
Congo N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Equatorial Guinea N Extant Yes
Gabon N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Ngiri
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Salonga National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Lomako - Yekokora
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Mount Hoyo Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Okapi Faunal Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Virunga National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Maiko National Park
Central African Republic Ngotto
Central African Republic Dzanga-Ndoki National Park
Congo Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park complex
Congo Odzala National Park complex
Congo Dimonika Biosphere Reserve
Cameroon Yabassi
Cameroon Mount Cameroon and Mokoko-Onge
Cameroon Dja Faunal Reserve
Cameroon Boumba - Bek
Cameroon Campo Ma'an complex
Cameroon Nki
Cameroon Lobéké National Park
Gabon Gamba Protected Areas Complex
Gabon Lopé Faunal Reserve
Gabon Ipassa Strict Nature Reserve
Gabon Minkébé Forest Reserve
Equatorial Guinea Monte Alen National Park
Equatorial Guinea Nsork Highlands National Park
Kenya South Nandi forest
Kenya Kakamega forest

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Altitude 0 - 1200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Merops muelleri. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/06/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/06/2022.