LC
Blackstart Oenanthe melanura



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Oenanthe melanura (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) was previously placed in the genus Cercomela following AERC TAC (2003); Cramp et al. (1977-1994); Dowsett & Forbes-Watson (1993); Sibley & Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 15.19999981 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 9,760,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.8 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as frequent to common and very common in desert areas of Israel (del Hoyo et al. 2005).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Chad N Extant Yes
Djibouti N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Gambia V Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Mali N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Chad Fada Archei
Chad Ouadi Rimé - Ouadi Achim
Chad Tibesti massif
Djibouti Ali Sabieh - Assâmo
Djibouti Forêt de Day
Djibouti Lac Abhé
Djibouti Mabla
Egypt Gebel Elba
Egypt Gebel Maghara
Egypt Nabq Protected Area
Egypt Quseima
Egypt St Katherine Protectorate
Egypt Wadi Gerafi
Eritrea Danakil lowlands
Eritrea Dehalak Archipelago and offshore islands
Eritrea Gulf of Zula
Eritrea Massawa coast
Israel Judean desert
Jordan Dana
Jordan Hisma Basin - Rum
Jordan Wadi Mujib
Mali Ag Oua - Ag Arbech
Mali Aguelhok
Niger Dallol Boboye
Niger NNR Aïr - Ténéré
Niger Termit Mountains
Sudan Khor Arba'at
Sudan Um Badr lake
Yemen Bab al-Mandab - Mawza
Yemen Ma'rib - Naqil Fardah - Baraqish
Yemen Wadi Jahr

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot major resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Oenanthe melanura. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/11/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/11/2019.