LC
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Average mass 321 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 38,900,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 6000000-10499999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.8 - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 1,110,000-1,820,000 pairs, which equates to 2,210,000-3,630,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.35% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 6,300,000-10,400,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The species has expanded its range in western Europe, central Europe and Japan (del Hoyo et al. 2002). In Europe, trends between 1980 and 2013 show that populations have undergone a moderate increase (p<0.01) (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes
North Korea N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal V Extant
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
North Macedonia River Radika catchment
North Macedonia Shar Planina Mountain
Serbia Zlot gorge--Dubasnica
Serbia Resava gorge
Serbia Bosutska forest
Azerbaijan Mount Babadag
Azerbaijan Mount Bazar-Duzu
Azerbaijan Girkan forest
Azerbaijan Ilisu area
Azerbaijan Ismailly area
Azerbaijan Kusari (Gusari) area
Azerbaijan Samur Delta
Belarus Bielaje fish farm
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Lithuania Kretuonas Landscape Reserve
Lithuania Kamanos Strict Nature Reserve
Liechtenstein Garselli-Zigerberg, Alpengebiet
Estonia Marimetsa-Õmma
Estonia Soomaa
Estonia Puhatu mire
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Latvia Slitere and Zilie kalni
Latvia Zile forest area
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Romania Niculitel and Babadag forest
Romania Trascău Mountains
Romania Rarău Mountains - Giumalău
Slovenia Krakovo forest and Šentjernej plain
Belgium Sinémurienne
Belgium Haute Sûre/Ardenne méridionale
Belgium Deux Ourthes
Belgium Tailles
Belgium Wanne-Logbiermé
Belgium Vallée de la Lienne
Belgium Hautes Fagnes/Eifel
Belgium Malchamps
Belgium Ochamp-Freux
Belgium Saint-Hubert
Belgium Marche en Famenne
Belgium Daverdisse
Belgium Lesse et Lomme
Belgium Croix-Scaille
Belgium Haute Meuse
Belgium Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse
Belgium Bassin de la Haine
Belgium De Dijlevallei
Belgium Mechelse Heide en de Vallei van de Ziepbeek
Belgium Bokrijk
Belgium Vijverkomplex van Midden Limburg
Belgium Hamonterheide, Hageven, Buitenheide, Mariahof en Stamprooierbroek
Belgium Ronde Put
Belgium Gebieden ten noorden van Turnhout en Ravels
Belgium Kalmthoutse Heide
Belgium Vallée de la Dyle
Belgium Côte Bajocienne
Moldova Lower Dniester River
Moldova Central Forest
Moldova Beech Land Forest
Sweden Archipelago and coastline of North-East Scania
Sweden Färnebofjärden
Sweden Florarna
Sweden Båtfors – Bredfors
Sweden Hanveden – Hemfosa
Sweden Bay of Kil
Poland Knyszyn Forest
Poland Bialowieza Forest
Poland Lower Bug river valley
Poland Liwiec river valley
Poland Janów forests
Poland Gorce mountains
Poland Tatra mountains
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Insko Site
Poland Weltyn lakes
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Middle part of Tuchola forest
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Ilawa Forest
Poland Slupia River Valley
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Greece Mount Oiti
Greece Mount Parnassos
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Mount Vardousia
Greece Mount Peristeri
Greece Antichasia mountains and Meteora
Greece Mount Kerketio (Koziakas)
Greece Agrafa mountains
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Netherlands Drents-Friese Wold & Leggelderveld
Netherlands Veluwe
Netherlands Sallandse Heuvelrug
Netherlands Maasduinen
Netherlands Brabantse Wal
Netherlands Kampina & Oisterwijkse Vennen
Finland Ruissalo
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Itäinen Suomenlahti National Park
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Lake Pihlajavesi
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Viklinrimpi
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Luoto archipelago
Finland Rahja archipelago
Finland Litokaira
Finland Valtavaara-Pyhävaara
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Juortanansalo
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Kilsiaapa-Ristivuoma
Finland Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat
Finland Veittiaapa-Ristiaapa
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Joutsenaapa-Kaita-aapa
Finland Riisitunturi
Finland Luosto
Finland South-eastern Kittilä mires
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Moldova Royal Forest
Hungary Aggtelek Karst
Hungary Szatmár-Bereg
Spain Cadí mountains
Spain Boumort mountains
Spain Turbón-Espés-Sis
Spain San Juan de la Peña-Oroel crag
Spain San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret
Spain Posets-Maladeta
Spain Gistaín-Cotiella
Spain Ordesa-Bielsa
Spain Panticosa-Vignemale-Tendeñera
Spain Belagua-Ansó-Hecho
Spain Roncesvalles-Irati-Abodi mountain range
Spain Picos de Europa mountain range
Spain Babia-Somiedo
Spain Muniellos
Spain Alt Pallars
Spain Riaño
Spain Ancares mountains
Spain Peña Labra and Cordel mountain ranges
Spain Degaña-Hermo
Spain Central ranges of the Cantabric mountains
Spain Collarada-Telera
Spain Areta, Archuba and Zariquieta mountain ranges
Spain Leyre, Illón and San Miguel mountain ranges
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Polis'kyi Nature Reserve
Ukraine Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Ukraine Cheremske mire
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Gorgany
France Massif des Vosges : crêtes de Schneeberg au Donon
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Haut Val d'Allier
France Montagne de la Serre
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire
France Haute Soule : Forêt des Arbailles
France Haute Soule : Forêt d'Irraty, Organbidexka et Pic des Escaliers
France Hautes Vallées d'Aspe et d'Ossau
France Forêts du Perche
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Etangs d'Argonne
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Confluent des vallées de la Meuse et de la Chiers
France Bassigny
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt
France Fresnes-en-Woëvre-Mars-la-Tour
France Bazoncourt-Vigy
France Forêt de la Reine
France Gorges de la Dordogne
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Forêts picardes : massif de Retz
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat
France Forêt domaniale de la Harth
France Forêt de Haguenau
France Monts et Plomb du Cantal
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Vallée de la Loire: Pit majeur d'Iguerande à Décize
France Gorges de la Truyère
France Les Couzes Nord
France Les Couzes Sud
France Haute Soule : Massif Forestier, Gorges d'Holzarte et d'Olhadubi
France Rive Gauche de la Vallée d'Aspe et Pic d'Anie
France Eth Turoun des Aureys
France Pènes du Moulle de Jaut
France Haute Soule : massif de la Pierre-St-Martin.
France Pic de l'Estibet et Mondragon
France Vallée de la Nive des Aldudes-Col de Lindux
France Forêt de Jugny
France Forêt de Citeaux et environs
France Forêt de Châtillon et environs
France Arrière Côte de Dijon et de Beaune
France Plateau Ardennais
France Barois et Forêt de Clairvaux
France Vallée de l'Aube, de la Superbe et Marigny
France Brenne centrale
France Queue de Brenne : Etang des Loges, Grand et Petit Mez
France Brenne: Forêt de Lancosme
France Vallée de la Loire : confluence Loire-Vienne
France Basse vallée de L'Indre
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Forêt d'Orléans: massifs d'Ingrannes et de Lorris
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risol et Mont d'Or
France Forêt d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risoux
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Massacre
France Forêt de Chaux
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye
France Boucle de Moisson
France Massifs de Fontainebleau et zones humides adjacentes
France Marais de Fontenay-le-Vicomte et d'Itteville
France Etang et Forêt de Villefermoy
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Plateaux de Millevaches et de Gentioux
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Puig Carlit et environs
France Massif du Madres et Mont Coronat
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Vallée de Melles, cols d'Aoueran et d'Artisagou et Mont Vallier
France Zones rupestres du Tarasconnais et massif d'Aston
France Gorges de la Frau et Belestat
France Gorges du Tarn et de la Jonte
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Forêts de Thiérache : Trelon, Fourmies, Hirson et St-Michel
France Vallée du Haut-Guil
France Bois des Ayes
France Bois du Chapitre
France Parc National du Mercantour
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Le Pinail, Forêt de Moulière et bois du Défens
France Forêts picardes : Compiègne, Laigue, Ourscamp
France Forêts picardes : massif de Saint-Gobain
France Marais de la Souche
France Forêts picardes : massif des Trois Forêts et bois du Roi
France Forêt du Gavre
France Forêt de Saou
France Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes
France Montagne des Frêtes et plateau des Glières
France Les Bauges
France Haut Giffre
France Vallée de la Conie et Beauce centrale
Italy Sila Grande
Italy Pollino
Italy Agri Valley
Italy Maritime Alps
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Tarvisio Forest
Italy Carniche Alps
Italy Piave river
Italy Picentini mountains
Italy Dolomiti di Pietrapertosa
Italy Aspromonte
Italy Antigorio and Formazza valleys
Italy Val Grande
Italy Orobie Alps and pre-Alps
Italy Mounts Orsomarso and Verbicaro
Italy Stelvio National Park
Italy Adamello-Brenta
Italy Belluno Dolomites
Italy Carso
Italy Mount Grappa
Italy Middle valley of Tagliamento river
Italy Giulie Pre-Alps
Italy Anzasca and Antrona valleys
Italy Ligurian Alps
Italy Dolomites
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Sure
Czechia Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest)
Czechia Beskydy mountains
Czechia Jeseniky mountains
Denmark Gribskov Area
Denmark Jægerspris Nordskov
Denmark Lille Vildmose
Denmark Almindingen
Denmark Forest areas south of Silkeborg
Denmark Rold Skov
Denmark Salten Langsø
Georgia Eastern Caucasus
Serbia Deliblatska pescara
Serbia Tara mountain
Slovakia Velká Fatra
Austria North-eastern Leithagebirge
Austria Zoological Gardens of Lainz
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Steinfeld
Austria Riverine forests on the Danube east of Vienna
Austria Vienna forest
Austria Wachau
Austria Southern Waldviertel
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Western Waldviertel
Austria Niederösterreichische Randalpen
Austria Machland
Austria Freiwald
Austria Bohemian forest and Mühl valley
Austria Northern Kalkalpen
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Hohe Tauern National Park
Austria Styrian Joglland
Austria Unterlammer hill country
Austria South-east Styrian hill country
Austria Lower Mur valley
Austria Niedere Tauern
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Tyrolian Lech valley
Austria Silvretta and Verwall
Austria Slope forests in the Klostertal
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Germany Erzgebirgskamm near Satzung
Germany Schwarza valley
Germany Vesser valley Biosphere Reserve
Germany Pressel wooded heath and mire
Germany Hakel
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Rietzer See
Germany Ueckermünder Heide
Germany Southern Tollense basin
Germany Serrahn
Germany Eastern shore of Lake Müritz, Grosser Schwerin and Steinhorn
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Karwendel and Karwendel foothills
Germany Ammergau mountains
Germany Isar valley: Gottfrieding - Plattling incl. Isar mouth
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Bayerischer Wald National Park with Arber region and Hohem Bogen
Germany Charlottenhofer Weihergebiet and Hirtlohweiher
Germany Main valley near Schweinfurt
Germany Rhein: Greffern-Murgmündung-Neuburgweier
Germany Hördter Rheinaue
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Aukrug Nature Park
Germany Middle Elbe valley with Steckby-Lödderitz forest
Germany Aland-Elbe lowlands
Germany Drömling (Sachsen-Anhalt)
Germany Landgraben-Dumme lowlands
Germany Milde lowlands/Altmark
Germany Wulfener Bruch and Teichgebiet Osternienburg
Germany Ploetzkau flood-plain forest
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Schwalm-Nette-Platte and Grenzwald
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Bogs and heathlands of the Westmünsterland
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Westerzgebirge around Carlsfeld
Germany Eastern Erzgebirge around Fürstenau
Germany Sächsische Schweiz National Park
Germany Bliesgau
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Mangfall mountains and Rotwand area
Germany Peitzer und Bärenbrücker Teiche
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Uckermark lake region
Germany Stechlin
Germany Märkische Schweiz
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Deichvorland Oderbruch
Germany Unteres Rhinluch-Dreetzer See / Havelländisches Luch / Belziger Landschaftswiesen
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Heubachniederung/ Schwarzes Venn/ Borkenberge/ Halterner Seen
Germany Rieselfelder Münster
Germany Wet grasslands and forests around Burbach
Germany Medebacher Bucht
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany Oppenweher Moor
Germany Spreewald
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Oberes Rhinluch / Havelländisches Luch Nauen-Friesack
Germany Nürnberger Reichswald
Germany Fiener Bruch
Germany Military training area east and west of Jüterbog
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany North-eastern lower Harz mountains
Germany Northern Steigerwald
Germany Hudewälder northeast of Haldensleben
Germany Duvenstedter Brook
Germany Kellerwald
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Northern Black Forest, west of the Murg
Germany Northern Black Forest, east of the Murg
Germany Schiltach and Berneck valleys, near Schramberg
Germany Middle-eastern Black Forest
Germany Schwarza and Schlücht valleys
Germany Feldberg in the Black Forest
Germany South-eastern Alb and Upper Danube valley
Germany Simonswald-Rohrhardsberg
Germany Northern Karlsruhe Hardt
Germany Lake Überlingen of Lake Constance
Germany Rhine flats Karlsruhe - Rheinsheim
Germany Rhine flats Sasbach - Wittenweier
Germany Rhine flats Nonnenweier - Kehl
Germany Rhine flats Kehl-Helmlingen
Germany Enz valley Mühlhausen - Roßwag
Germany Schönbuch with Spitzberg
Germany Orchards, heathlands and forests around Weil der Stadt
Germany Wutach ravine
Germany Kaiserstuhl
Germany Stromberg
Germany Orchards and oakwoods near Filderstadt and Echterdingen
Germany Woodlands of Western Pomerania, northern range
Germany Feldberg-Woldegk terminal moraine
Germany Sachsenwald
Croatia River Drava
Croatia Poilovlje with Carp Fishponds
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Estonia Agusalu
Estonia Kõrvemaa
Estonia Lahemaa
Czechia Trebonsko (Trebon region)
Czechia Doupov hills
Czechia Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains)
Czechia Labské pískovce sandstones
Russia (European) Khrenovski forest
Latvia Abava valley
Latvia Abeli
Latvia Cena bog
Latvia Garkalne forest
Latvia Gauja national park
Latvia Moricsala and Viskuzu sala
Latvia Salaca valley
Latvia Zabolotje bogs
Latvia Adazi
Latvia Dunika bog
Latvia Orlovas bog
Latvia Satini fish-ponds
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Latvia Ukri forest
Latvia Dviete flood-plain
Latvia Irbe valley and Dizpurvs
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds
Latvia Ovisi
Latvia Panemune forest
Latvia Uzava coast
Latvia Ziemelgauja
Latvia Augsdaugava
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Pape
Latvia Sita and Pededze flood-plain
Latvia Vecumi
Latvia Vidusburtnieks
Latvia Zvarde forest
Latvia Augstroze
Latvia Kuja
Latvia Kemeri national park
Latvia Lielais and Pemmas bogs
Latvia Lake Lielauce
Latvia Pededze forest and Parabaine
Latvia Piejura
Latvia Stikli
Latvia Stompaku bogs
Latvia Berzpils bogs and flood-plains
Latvia Mangene forest
Latvia Rakupe and Pace
Latvia Mezole
Latvia Razna
Latvia Sturu and Zvardes bogs
Bulgaria Belasitza mountain
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Ponor
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain
Bulgaria Mikre Meadows
Bulgaria Palakaria
Bulgaria Vasilyovska Mountain
Bulgaria Mesta Valley
Bulgaria Studenets
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
France Vallée de la Loire : La Charité-sur-Loire
France Plateau de Bellefonds
France Gorges de la Sioule
France Col de Lizarrieta
France Haute Cize : Pic d'Errozate et Forêt d'Orion
France Mars sur Allier
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud
France Etangs de la Woëvre: la Chaussée
France Etang de Lindre
France Hautes Corbières
France Gorges de la Vis et cirque de Navacelles
France Montagnes de Marcou, de l'Espinouse et du Caroux
France Vallées du Lis et de la Pique
France Cirque de Gavarnie
France Marais de Manteyer
France Préalpes de Grasse
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France La Dombes
France Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde
France Basse Ardêche
France Plaine du Forez
France Parc National de la Vanoise
France Haute chaîne du Jura: défilé de l'écluse, Etournel et Mont Vuache
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze
Russia (European) Kilemarski Reserve
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan
Lithuania Labanoras Regional Park
Lithuania Simonys & Ramuldava forest complex
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain
Bulgaria Persenk
Austria Surroundings of Mattersburg
Italy Tarvisio forest and Giulie pre-alps
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Austria Lobau
Austria Feuchte Ebene and Rauchwarther Platte
Austria Fish-ponds in the Waldviertel
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein
Austria Pielachtal
Austria Lösslandschaft and Wagram east of Krems
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Western Weinviertel
Austria Riverine forests in the Tullnerfeld
Austria Central Marchfeld
Austria Ibmer Moor
Austria Styrian Enns valley
Italy Carniche pre-Alps
Italy Lagorai mountains
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch
Austria Lower valley of the Gail
Austria Karwendel
Sweden Lake Kävsjön – Store Mosse
Sweden Lake Solgen
Sweden Kullaberg
Sweden Western part of Lake Mälaren
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Sweden Lake Lim
Poland Rozwarowo Marshes
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Biebrza river valley
Italy River Mincio and Bosco Fontana
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Italy Alto Garda Bresciano
Poland Upper Narew River Valley
Poland Upper Wisla River Valley
Poland Pasleka river valley
Poland Middle Bug river valley
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley
Poland Druzno lake
Russia (European) Right coast of Malaya Laba River
Russia (European) Bolchoi Tkhach mountain
Russia (European) Sources of Kuna and Shisha rivers
Russia (European) Kosobo-Kelebski reserve
Poland Wkrzanska Forest
Poland Cedynia Site
Poland Goleniow Forest
Poland Trzebiatow Site
Poland Witnica-Debno Site
Poland Barlinek Forest
Poland Drawa River Site
Poland Forest at Drawa River
Poland Forest at Gwda River
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake
Poland Middle Odra River Valley
Poland Rogalin Site
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Calowanie Swamp
Poland Lebork Forest
Poland Bielawa Swamps
Poland Darzlubska Forest
Poland Mirachowo Forest
Poland Krotoszyn Oak Forest
Poland Pilica River Valley
Poland Warmia Site
Poland Dobskie Lake
Poland Skaliskie Forest
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Upper Nurzec River Valley
Poland Borecka forest
Poland Kostrzyn River Valley
Poland Lukow Forests
Poland Lower Notec River Valley
Poland Notec Forest
Poland Samica Valley
Poland Mosty-Zahajki Site
Poland Polesie
Poland Nielisz Site
Poland Tyszowce Site
Poland Szyszla River Valley
Italy Grigne
Poland Solokija River Valley
Poland Stolowe Mountains
Poland Beskid Zywiecki Mountains
Poland Babia Gora Mountain
Poland Polica Mountain Range
Poland Orawa and Nowy Targ Bogs
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains
Poland Slonne Mountains
Italy Val d'Ossola
Italy Crava-Morozzo lakes
Italy Mont Blanc (Italian side)
Germany Serrahn and Woldegk-Feldberger Hügelland
Netherlands Dwingelderveld
Hungary Börzsöny
Slovakia Laborecka upland
Slovakia Volovské hills
Slovakia Malá Fatra
Slovakia Slanské hills
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Italy Alburni mountains
Italy Mount Cervati
Germany Lauerholz
Poland Upper Vistula River Valley
Germany Gülzower Holz and Rühlauer Forst
Germany Upper and middle reaches of river Krückau with tributaries
Russia (European) Ust'-Medveditskaya area
Germany Ahlhorner fishponds
Germany Forests south of Wolfsburg
Germany Harz National Park
Germany Adelegg
Germany Engdener Wüste
Germany Northern Black Forest
Germany Grosser Plöner See
Germany Ostenholzer Moor and Meissendorfer Teiche
Germany Aisch-Regnitz-Grund
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Lech-Donau-Winkel: Lechstausee Feldheim and Donaustausee Bertoldsheim
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Ammersee
Germany Chiemsee and Chiemseemoore
Germany Lucie and Landwehr
Germany Viehmoor with Leiferder Teiche
Germany Vorderer Steigerwald - Windsheimer Bucht - Steigerwald-Vorland
Germany Manteler Forst
Germany Lüneburger Heide
Germany Hasbruch
Germany Ekelmoor (moorlands near Sittensen)
Germany Unterlüß / Kiehnmoor
Germany Aschauteiche and Südheide
Germany Hildesheim forest
Germany Großes Moor near Gifhorn
Germany Solling
Germany Niederlausitzer Heidegebiete
Germany Central Black Forest
Germany Southern Black Forest
Germany Mittlere Schwäbische Alb with Albuch, Härtsfeld and Schmiechener See
Germany Mooswälder near Freiburg
Germany Mittlerer Rammert
Germany Danube valley Scheer-Zwiefaltendorf
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany High alps of Allgäu
Germany Spessart
Germany Rocks and slope forests in the Altmühl and Danube valleys
Germany Sandstone rocks of Untermain
Germany Eastern Chiemgau Alps
Germany Wetterstein mountain range
Germany Danube valley between Neuburg and Ingolstadt
Germany Northern Danube valley and southern Riesalb
Germany Oppenweher Moor
Germany Farmlands Prignitz with Stepenitz valley (BB) and eastern Grabow (MV)
Germany Bodanrück and Mindelsee
Germany Gottswald
Germany Wurzacher Ried
Germany Rhine flats Altlußheim-Mannheim
Germany Rhine flats Neuenburg - Breisach
Germany Southern Harz near Zorge
Germany Rhine flats between mouth of Rench and mouth of Murg
Germany Rhine flats Elchesheim-Karlsruhe
Germany Southern Karlsruhe Hardt
Germany Schwetzinger and Hockenheimer Hardt
Germany Drumlinlandschaft near Überlingen with Salemer Klosterweihern
Germany Baar
Germany Ingerkinger Moore and adjoining forests
Germany Korker Wald
Germany Pfrunger and Burgweiler Ried
Germany Heathlands of Lieberose-Staakow-Reicherskreuz
Germany St. Leoner Bruch and Reilinger Wiesen
Germany Bergstraße Dossenheim-Schriesheim
Germany Military training area Hohenfels
Germany Burgwald
Germany Riedforst near Melsungen
Germany Neckar oxbows in the Hessian Ried
Germany Hauberge near Haiger
Germany Lower Gersprenz lowlands incl. Reinheim pond
Germany Forests of Lauenburg
Germany Altengrabower Heide
Germany Selenter See
Germany Colblitz-Letzlinger Heide
Germany Farmlands near Kusey (Altmark)
Germany Nuthe - Nieplitz lowlands
Germany Elbe lowlands Jerichow
Germany Kisdorfer Wohld
Germany Klietzer Heide
Germany Mouth of river Schwarze Elster
Germany Upper Harz mountains
Germany Glücksburger Heide
Germany Annaburger Heide
Germany Davert
Germany Egge
Germany Mittelsiegbergland
Germany Ahrgebirge
Germany Forests between Wittlich and Cochem
Germany Soonwald
Germany Haardtrand
Germany Dahner Felsenland
Germany Bienwald and Viehstrichwiesen
Germany Saarkohlenwald
Germany Kühren Teich and Lanker See
Germany Heidmoor lowlands
Germany Warder See
Luxembourg Dudelange Haard
Luxembourg Mines of the region of Differdange
Luxembourg Esch/Alzette South-east
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Romania Defileul Superior al Mureşului
Romania Domogled - Cernei valley
Romania Grădiştea Muncelului
Romania Baraolt Mountains - Bodoc
Romania Almăjului Mountains - Locvei
Romania Vrancea Mountains
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain
Romania Vânători - Neamţ
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Our
Denmark Holmegård Mose & Porsmose
Denmark Præstø Fjord, Ulvshale, Nyord and Jungshoved Nor
Denmark Forest areas along the northern part of Vejle Fjord
Lithuania Buda - Pravieniskes forest complex
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Poland Swidwie Site
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Kamien Lagoon and Dziwna River
Poland Tuchola Forest
Poland Vistula river mouth
Poland Lower Vistula River Valley
Poland Oswin site
Poland Nietlice marshes
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Gródek-Michalowo basin
Poland Lower Narew River Valley
Poland Biala Forest
Poland Notec river flood-plain
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Pszczew Lakes and Obra River Valley
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Poland Oak-hornbeam forests in the Odra valley
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Bzura River Valley
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Lower Silesia Forests
Poland Odra riverine forests
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Tysmienica river valley
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Chelm calcareous marshes
Poland Strzeleckie forests
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Roztocze
Poland Karkonosze Mountains
Poland Upper Odra River Valley
Poland Niepolomice forest
Poland Pieniny Mountains
Poland Pulwy Marshes
Poland Beskid Slaski Mountains
Poland Beskid Wyspowy Mountains
Poland Grzeda Sokalska Beechwood
Poland Czarna River Valley
Poland Lower San River Valley
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley
Poland Stobrawa Watershed
Poland Izerskie Mountains
Poland Radlow Forest
Poland Sieniawa Forest
Poland Wloszczowa Basin
Poland Kurpie Site
Poland Mircze Site
Poland Poprad Site
Poland Sandomierz Forest
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains
Poland Elblag Height
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
Slovenia River Drava
Slovenia Goričko
Slovenia Grintovci
Slovenia Jelovica plateau
Slovenia Julijci
Slovenia Kočevsko
Slovenia Kozjansko
Slovenia River Mura
Slovenia Pohorje
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley
Slovenia Trnovski gozd
Slovenia Vipavski rob
Turkey Uludağ
Denmark Furesø and Farum Sø
Estonia Karala-Pilguse
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Kikepera
Estonia Koorunõmme
Estonia Kärevere
Estonia Nõva-Osmussaar
Estonia Räpina polder
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Kunda
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Estonia Vooremaa
Estonia Väinameri
Croatia Gorski Kotar and Northern Lika
Croatia Mount Velebit
Croatia Mt Bilogora and Kalnik
Estonia Haanja
Estonia Karula
Estonia Koigi
Greece Central Rodopi mountains and Nestos valley
Greece Mount Olympos
Greece Mount Grammos
Greece Tymfi (Gkamila) and Smolikas mountains
Greece Central Zagori and mount Mitsikeli
Greece Valia Kalda (Pindos National Forest Park)
Greece Athamanika mountains (Tzoumerka)
Estonia Koiva-Mustjõe
Estonia Irbe strait
Estonia Kõnnumaa-Väätsa
Estonia Käntu-Kastja
Estonia Lavassaare
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Meenikunno bog
Estonia Misso
Sweden Sjaunja
Sweden Påkketan
Serbia Derdap gorge
Serbia Golija
Serbia Homolje
Serbia Kucaj-Beljanica

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Boreal major non-breeding
Forest Boreal major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Altitude 100 - 2400 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Dryocopus martius. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/05/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/05/2020.