Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus


Taxonomic note

Himantopus himantopus (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously split as H. himantopus, H. leucocephalus and H. mexicanus and following AOU (1998) and SACC (2006). Prior to that, H. melanurus had been split from H. mexicanus following Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993). 

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2014 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 161 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 359,000,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 335,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.3 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.450,000-780,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 53,900-75,700 pairs, which equates to 108,000-151,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is unclear, some populations may be stable, increasing or have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Angola N Extant
Anguilla (to UK) N Extant
Antigua and Barbuda N Extant
Argentina N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Aruba (to Netherlands) N Extant
Australia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes Yes
Bahamas N Extant
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Barbados N Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Belize N Extant
Benin N Extant
Bermuda (to UK) N Extant
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Botswana N Extant
Brazil N Extant
Brunei N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cambodia N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Canada N Extant
Cape Verde N Extant
Cayman Islands (to UK) N Extant
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
Chile N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Christmas Island (to Australia) V Extant
Colombia N Extant
Congo V Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Costa Rica N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes Yes
Cuba N Extant
Curaçao (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark V Extant
Djibouti N Extant
Dominica N Extant
Dominican Republic N Extant
Ecuador N Extant
Egypt N Extant
El Salvador N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia V Extant
Eswatini N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) N Extant
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes Yes
French Guiana N Extant
Gabon N Extant
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Grenada N Extant
Guadeloupe (to France) N Extant
Guam (to USA) N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Guyana N Extant
Haiti N Extant
Honduras N Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant
Indonesia N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant Yes Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jamaica N Extant
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Lesotho N Extant
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Luxembourg V Extant
Madagascar N Extant
Malawi N Extant
Malaysia N Extant
Maldives V Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Martinique (to France) N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Mexico N Extant
Micronesia, Federated States of N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Montserrat (to UK) N Extant
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
New Zealand N Extant Yes
Nicaragua N Extant
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Korea V Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palau N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Panama N Extant
Papua New Guinea N Extant Yes
Paraguay N Extant
Peru N Extant
Philippines N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Rwanda N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Singapore N Extant
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant Yes
St Barthelemy (to France) N Extant
St Kitts and Nevis N Extant
St Lucia N Extant
St Vincent and the Grenadines N Extant
Sudan N Extant
Suriname N Extant
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Timor-Leste N Extant Yes
Togo N Extant
Trinidad and Tobago N Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) N Extant
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
Uruguay N Extant
USA N Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Venezuela N Extant
Vietnam N Extant
Virgin Islands (to UK) N Extant
Virgin Islands (to USA) N Extant
Western Sahara N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Akrotiri salt-lake including Bishop's Pool
Cyprus Phasouri reedbeds
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje
Montenegro Ulcinj saltpans
Serbia Slano Kopovo
Azerbaijan Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir)
Azerbaijan Lake Mahmudchala
Azerbaijan Pirsagat Islands and Los Island
Azerbaijan Sangachal Bay
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu
Azerbaijan Yashma Island
Cyprus Akhna dam
Portugal Ria de Aveiro
Portugal Tejo estuary
Portugal Sado estuary
Portugal Santo André and Sancha lagoons
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon)
Portugal Castro Marim
Portugal Paul do Taipal
Bulgaria Mandra-Poda complex
Bulgaria Shabla Lake Complex
Bulgaria Burgasko Lake
Bulgaria Srebarna
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Yatata
Bulgaria Kalimok Complex
Bulgaria Kamchia Complex
Bulgaria Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex
Bulgaria Pomorie Lake
Romania Lake Techirghiol
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău
Romania Satchinez marsh
Romania Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex
Romania Cârja - Maţa - Rădeanu - Roşcani
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Romania Comana
Romania Lake Tataru
Romania Mehedinti fish-ponds-Gruia
Slovenia Sečovlje saltpans
Slovenia River Drava
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta
Turkey Akşehir and Eber Lakes
Turkey Ereğli Plain
Turkey Hotamış Marshes
Turkey Kulu Lake
Turkey Sultan Marsh
Turkey Erçek Lake
Turkey Sodalıgöl (Arın Lake)
Turkey Meriç Delta
Turkey Gediz Delta
Turkey Akyatan Lake
Turkey Çöl Lake and Çalıkdüzü
Moldova Lower Prut River and Manta-Beleu Lake
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley
Greece Evros delta
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Strymonas estuary
Greece River Axios
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Alyki Angelochoriou lagoon (Megalou Emvolou)
Greece Epanomi lagoon
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Greece Agios Mamas marsh
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Lake Kastoria
Greece Alyki Kitrous lagoon
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Kotychi lagoon
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Greece Alyki lagoon, Aigio
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Psili Ammos lagoon, Samos
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Lake Pikrolimni
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Gallikos estuary and Kalochori lagoon
Greece Samothraki island
Greece Lagoons of Kerkyra island
Netherlands Grevelingen
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség
Hungary Bihar Plain
Russia (European) Adzhi Lake
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don
Russia (European) Achikol'skiye lakes
Russia (European) Sura environs
Russia (European) Islands in the western part of Lake Manych-Gudilo
Russia (European) Novokvasnikovski liman
Russia (European) Western Ilmen area
Russia (European) Salt lakes in the Primorsko-Akhtarsk area
Russia (European) Lake Manych-Gudilo
Russia (European) Agrakhanski Bay (North Agrakhan)
Russia (European) Budary lakes
Russia (European) Kizlyar Bay
Russia (European) Kiziltash limans
Russia (European) Khanskoye Lake
Russia (European) Dadynskiye lakes
Russia (European) Mouth of Yeya river
Spain Costa da Morte
Spain Villafáfila
Spain Tordesillas-Mota del Marqués
Spain Cortados del Jarama
Spain Pétrola-Almansa-Yecla
Spain Pedro Muñoz-Manjavacas endorreic lagoons
Spain Alcázar de San Juan-Quero endorreic lagoons
Spain Tablas de Daimiel marshes; 'Vicario' and 'Gasset' reservoirs and Malagón lakes
Spain Pela mountain range-Orellana reservoir-Zorita
Spain Lácara-Morante
Spain Gallocanta lake
Spain Ampurdán marshes
Spain Ebro delta
Spain River Mijares mouth
Spain Almenara marshes
Spain Albufera de Valencia marshes
Spain El Hondo wetland
Spain Santa Pola salt-pans
Spain Mata and Torrevieja lagoons
Spain Mar Menor coastal lagoon
Spain Quipar reservoir, Molino mountain range and Cagitán plains
Spain Guadalentín saltmarshes
Spain Wetlands of western Almería
Spain Middle section of river Guadalquivir reservoirs
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon
Spain Odiel and Tinto marshes and Huelva coastal lagoons
Spain Guadalquivir marshes
Spain Cádiz bay
Spain Fuente de Piedra, Gosque and Campillos lakes
Spain Salt-pans of Ibiza and Formentera and Freus isles
Spain Albufera de Mallorca and Albufereta de Pollença marshes
Spain Salobrar de Campos Lagoons-Sa Vall
Spain Tierra de Campos steppes
Spain El Valle, Altaona and Escalona mountains
Spain Pego-Oliva marshes
Spain El Moro marshes
Spain Llobregat delta
Spain Redbeeds and copses of Aranjuez
Spain Valdehornillos-Santa Amalia
Spain Cinca river rice fields and steppe area
Spain El Hito
Spain Los Tollos lake
Spain Conde, Chinche and Honda lakes
Spain Janubio saltpans
Ukraine Kryva peninsula
Ukraine Bilosarajs'ka peninsula
Ukraine Syvash Bay
Ukraine Kazantip Cape, Aktash lake and Astanins'ka marsh
Ukraine Kuyal'nyts'kyj lyman
Ukraine Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system
Ukraine Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays
Ukraine Rzhyschivs'ke Game Reserve
Ukraine Uzunlars'ke lake
Ukraine Petropavlivs'kyj lyman
Ukraine Bagerove
Ukraine Elanchyk river valley
Ukraine Stanychno-Lugans'ke fish-farm
Ukraine Kinburns'kyj peninsula
Ukraine Molochna river valley
Ukraine Solonyj Lyman lake
Ukraine Lake near Magazinka village
Ukraine Debal'tsivs'ke lake
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Pointe de Grave
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Barrage d'Artix et Saligue du Gave de Pau
France Domaine d'Orx
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux
France Estuaire de la Bidassoa et Baie de Fontarabie
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Côte Médocaine: dunes boisées et dépressions humides
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Rade de Lorient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Brenne centrale
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Etang de Capestang
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Etang du Bagnas
France Cordon lagunaire de Sète à Agde
France Etang de Thau
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Cap Gris-nez
France Camargue
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Marais de L'Ile Vieille
France Basse Vallée de la Durance
France Basse vallée du Var
France Estuaire de la Charente
France Vallée de la Charente : amont d'Angoulême
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Marais et estuaire de la Seudre
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Marais de Brière
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Basses Vallées Angevines
France Marais salants de Noirmoutier
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France La Dombes
France Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde
France Plaine du Forez
France Lac Léman (partie française)
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Venice lagoon
Italy Po Delta
Italy Valle Bertuzzi and Goro lagoon
Italy Torrile LIPU reserve
Italy Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano
Italy Valli di Argenta
Italy Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona
Italy Ortazzo and Ortazzino
Italy Cervia saltpans
Italy Orbetello lagoon and Burano lake
Italy Lake Alviano
Italy Le Cesine
Italy Asinara island, Piana island and Stintino peninsula
Italy Tavolara archipelago, Cape Ceraso and Cape Figari
Italy Cagliari wetlands
Italy Stagnone di Marsala and Trapani saltpans
Italy Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini
Italy Pantani di Vendicari e di Capo Passero
Italy Ticino river
Italy Palmas Gulf wetlands
Italy Pools of Florence plain
Italy Vercelli rice-fields
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Italy Biviere and Plain of Gela
Italy Sentina
Romania Bistreţ
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu)
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Georgia Javakheti Plateau
Georgia Kolkheti
Serbia Srednje Potamišje
Armenia Armash fish-farm
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria Neusiedler See
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Twiste reservior
Croatia Nasicka Breznica fish-ponds
Burkina Faso Béli River
Burkina Faso Lake Oursi - Lake Darkoye
Ethiopia Abijatta - Shalla Lakes National Park
Ghana Keta Lagoon Ramsar Site
Ghana Songor Ramsar Site
Gambia Tanbi wetland complex
Kenya Tana River Delta
Kenya Lake Nakuru National Park
Morocco Sidi Moussa - Oualidia
Mali Lac Faguibine
Mali Lac Horo
Mali Lac Débo - Lac Oualado Débo
Mauritania Lac d'Aleg
Mauritania Gâat Mahmoûdé
Mauritania Sawana - Oum Lellé
Namibia Tsumkwe pan system
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia
Tanzania Lake Manyara
Tanzania Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Uganda Kyambura Wildlife Reserve
Afghanistan Ab-i-Istada
Iraq Huweija marshes
Iraq Razzaza Lake
Iraq Gharraf River
Iraq Haur Uwainah
Iraq Haur Al Hammar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Akh Gol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gori Gol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi
Iran, Islamic Republic of Nowruzlu and Ghazanlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Incheh Borun lake and marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bibishervan and Lake Eymar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karun river marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Susangerd marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Israel Carmel coast
Israel Judean foothills
Israel Northern Arava valley
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains
Jordan Azraq
Oman Quriyat - Daghmar
Oman Barr al Hikman
Oman Duqm
Saudi Arabia King Faisal Airbase, Tabuk
Saudi Arabia Sabkhat al-Fasl lagoons
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay
Saudi Arabia Al-Hasa lagoons
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Saudi Arabia Wadi Rabigh springs
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port
Saudi Arabia Makkah waste-water stream
Saudi Arabia Malaki dam
Saudi Arabia Wadi Jawwah
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay
United Arab Emirates Ramtha lagoons
Yemen Ta'izz wadis
Yemen Aden
Ukraine Ajgul and Karleut lakes
Portugal Pera marsh
Italy Sinis and Oristano wetlands
Turkey Akyay Plain
Mexico Lago de Texcoco
Mexico Pantanos de Centla
Mexico Ría Lagartos
Mexico Humedales Costeros del Norte de la Península de Yucatán
Canada Pakowki Lake
Canada Frank Lake (south)
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Malpais-St Michiel
Russia (European) Tazhinski liman
Russia (European) Temirgoiskiye lakes
Russia (European) Sostinskiye lakes
Russia (European) Southern part of Chograiski reservoir
Taiwan, China Central Section of Bachang River
Taiwan, China Hulupi
China (mainland) Yong Jiang Estuary
China (mainland) Taizhou Wan
China (mainland) Xuanmen Wan
Indonesia Dataran Banjir Ogan Komering
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area
Russia (European) Shabel'skaya sand-spit
Russia (European) Prikumskiye steppes
Russia (European) Leninsk forest area
Russia (Central Asian) Starinnoe Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Schekuldyk Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoye Topol'noye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Man'yass lake
Italy Valli Bolognesi
Russia (Central Asian) Lake Tavolzhnoe and vicinities
Russia (Central Asian) Katai lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kocherdyksky goose zakaznik
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoy Sarykul' lake
Russia (Central Asian) Siverga lake
Russia (Central Asian) Lakes Zaboltsevo and Big Solenoe
Russia (Central Asian) Kurumbel'skaya steppe
Jamaica Yallahs
Jamaica Black River Great Morass
Russia (Central Asian) Puchina area
Russia (Central Asian) Uzkaya Steppe
Russia (Central Asian) Proslaukhinskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Akkul' Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Krivoye Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Chuburat Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kurlady Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Burekesken Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Uryadki Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Butash and Gor'koye lakes
Italy Bassa Modenese
Russia (Central Asian) Verkhneoschskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Sibirskaya anabranch (Irtysh flood-plain)
Russia (Central Asian) Gorbunnoe and Solenoe Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Presnoe and Okunevskoe Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Gor'koe, Krivoe and Zhuravlinoe Lakes
Russia (European) Lower Eruslan
Bulgaria Garvansko Marsh
Bulgaria Zvanichevo Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Hadzi Dimitrovo Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Obnova Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Ivailovgrad Reservoir
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Lac Bay, Bonaire
Argentina Bahía de Samborombón y Punta Rasa
Argentina Reserva de Uso Múltiple Bañados del Río Dulce y Laguna Mar Chiquita
Puerto Rico (to USA) Suroeste
Cayman Islands (to UK) Crown Wetlands
Portugal Barrinha de Esmoriz/Lagoa de Paramos
Portugal Mondego Estuary
Portugal Salinas de Alverca e do Forte da Casa
Cayman Islands (to UK) Central Mangrove Wetland
Anguilla (to UK) East End Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Dog Island
Anguilla (to UK) Scrub Island
Cuba Cayo Sabinal, Ballenatos y Manglares de la Bahía de Nuevitas
Cuba Delta del Mayarí
Bahamas Great Inagua
Bahamas Harrold and Wilson Ponds National Park
Bahamas Grog Pond
Bahamas Long Island and Hog Cay
Dominican Republic Jaragua National Park
Puerto Rico (to USA) Jobos Bay
Virgin Islands (to USA) Perseverance Bay Lagoons
St Kitts and Nevis Ponds of the Southeast Peninsula
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Great Salt Pond, Sint Maarten
St Martin (to France) Grand Etang
St Vincent and the Grenadines Ashton Wetland
St Vincent and the Grenadines Mustique Island
Antigua and Barbuda McKinnons Salt Pond
Antigua and Barbuda Fitches Creek Bay
Antigua and Barbuda Valley Church Bay
Antigua and Barbuda Potworks Dam
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Russia (European) Shcherbakovskaya bend of Volga river
Russia (Central Asian) Karamys lake
Russia (Central Asian) Seketovo, Rakhtovo and Artevo lakes
Bahamas Conception Island National Park
Paraguay Río Negro - Pantanal
Paraguay Lagunas Saladas - Riacho Yacaré
Paraguay Parque Nacional Tinfunqué - Estero Patiño
Bahamas Mangrove Cay
Bahamas Low Cay, High Cay and Sandy Hook
Bahamas Exuma Cays Land and Sea Park
Bahamas Cat Island Wetlands
Uzbekistan Rogatoe Lake
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake
Turkmenistan Goyungyrlan
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Klein Bonaire, Bonaire
Aruba (to Netherlands) Tierra del Sol Salina
Aruba (to Netherlands) Bubali Wetlands
Antigua and Barbuda Bethesda Dam
Antigua and Barbuda Christian Cove
Antigua and Barbuda Hanson's Bay – Flashes
Russia (European) Archedinskiye sands
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Muizenberg, Curaçao
Virgin Islands (to USA) John Brewer's Bay
Kazakhstan Topar Lake System
Virgin Islands (to USA) Southgate and Green Cay
Kazakhstan Tuzkol Lake
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Emba River
Hungary Alkaline lakes of Kiskunság
Hungary Cserebökény Pusztas of Szentes
Poland Nielisz Site
Virgin Islands (to USA) Great Pond
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Anguilla (to UK) Cove Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Long Salt Pond
Poland Samica Valley
Russia (European) Kissyk area
Russia (European) Floodplain of the Terek river near Staroshchedrinskaya
Kazakhstan Bolshoy Kak Lake
Russia (European) Kurnikov liman
Russia (European) Southern Agrakhan lake
Turkmenistan Deryatakyr
Turkmenistan Mergen
Turkmenistan Ogurjaly island
Poland Swidwie Site
Slovenia Škocjan Bay
Australia Alligator Rivers Floodplains
Australia Limmen Bight
Australia Moreton Bay and Pumicestone Passage
Australia Paroo Floodplain and Currawinya
Australia Gulf Plains
Australia Lake Corangamite Complex
Croatia NW Dalmatia and Pag Island
Croatia Podunavlje and Lower Podravlje
Croatia Virovitica Sugar Refinery Lagoons
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Boscone island
Ukraine Buzhok river valley (Anastavtsi)
Ukraine Zakaznyk Domuzaly
Ukraine KardashinskI mires
Ukraine Gerojsk Lakes
Italy Bassa Parmense
Romania Ilfov reservoir
Romania Ianca - Plopul - Sărat
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Suhaia
Romania Lake Bugeac
Romania Lake Oltina
Romania Limanu - Herghelia
Cyprus Paralimni Lake
Cyprus Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs
Cyprus Oroklini Lake
Australia Lake Mackay
Australia Lowbidgee Floodplain
Australia Cooper Floodplain Below Windorah
Australia Lake Argyle
Australia Tarrabool Lake-Eva Downs Swamp System
Australia Busselton Wetlands
Australia Fortescue Marshes
Australia Lake McLarty
Australia Mandora Marsh and Anna Plains
Australia Roebuck Bay
USA Farmington Bay UT04
USA Ogden Bay UT03
USA Bear River Bay UT02
USA Pearl Harbor National Wildlife Refuge
USA James Campbell National Wildlife Refuge
USA Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge
USA Salton Sea
Chile Desembocadura del Río Imperial
Kyrgyzstan Tulek Valley
Jamaica Font Hill
USA Kealia Pond National Wildlife Refuge
Cyprus Famagusta Lakes
Cyprus Mia Milia Sewage Treatment Plant
Turkey Seyhan Delta
Moldova Congaz – Taraclia Lakes
Moldova Lower Dniester River
United Arab Emirates Al Wathba
Tunisia Salines de Thyna
Syria Sabkhat al-Jabboul
New Zealand Upper Buller
New Zealand Clarence Acheron Saxton Rivers
New Zealand Hopkins Dobson Rivers
Moldova Royal Forest
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
China (mainland) Laoting (Daqing He–Shi Jiu Tuo)
Mauritania Lac de Mâl
United Arab Emirates Ras Al Khor Wildlife Sanctuary (Khor Dubai)
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli
Mauritania Chott Boul
Kazakhstan Caspian Sea shore between Volga and Ural River Deltas
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Ters-Ashchibulak Reservoir
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Kazakhstan Tyulen’i (Seal) Islands
China (mainland) Huanghua coast (Cangzhou)
Serbia Juzni Banat
Colombia El Encanto de Guanapalo

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 4200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Himantopus himantopus. Downloaded from on 30/09/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 30/09/2020.