LC
Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2017 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,970,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 60000-69999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 6,500-6,900 pairs, which equates to 13,100-13,900 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.20% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 65,500-69,500 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: In Europe the population size is estimated to be decreasing by 30-49% in 12.3 years (three generations) (BirdLife International 2015). The rest of the global population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Algeria N Extant Yes
Bulgaria V Extant Yes
France N Possibly Extinct Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extinct Yes
Greece V Extant Yes
Israel V Extant Yes
Italy V Extant Yes
Libya N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein V Extant Yes
Malta V Extant Yes
Mauritania V Extant Yes
Montenegro V Extant
Morocco N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Serbia V Extant
Spain N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Portugal Upper River Tejo
Portugal Upper River Douro and Águeda valleys
Portugal Sabôr and Maçãs
Portugal Côa valley
Spain Tabernas desert
Spain Alhamilla mountain range-Campo de Níjar plain
Spain Cardó, Tivissa and Llabería mountains
Spain Cogul-Alfés steppes
Spain Montagut and Montmell mountains
Spain Lerida steppes
Spain El Pardo-Viñuelas
Spain Guadalentín saltmarshes
Spain La Almenara mountain range-Cape Cope
Spain Muela mountain range and Cape Tiñoso
Spain Quipar reservoir, Molino mountain range and Cagitán plains
Spain Moratalla mountain range
Spain Fausilla mountains
Spain Burete, Cambrón and Espuña mountain ranges
Spain El Valle, Altaona and Escalona mountains
Spain Ricote and Nevela mountain ranges
Spain Torrecilla and Gigante mountain ranges
Spain Pila mountain range
Spain Duratón canyon
Spain Altos de Barahona high moor
Spain Sierra Nevada mountain range
Spain Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata
Spain Gádor mountain range
Spain Mountain ranges south of Jaén
Spain Hoya de Baza
Spain Hoya de Guadix
Spain Prelittoral mountain ranges of Granada
Spain Ubrique and Grazalema mountain ranges
Spain Mountain ranges of Ronda, Bermeja and Crestellina
Spain Sierra Morena de Sevilla
Spain Cabras, Aljibe and Montecoche mountain range
Spain Zuera mountains
Spain Bajo Alcanadre-Serreta de Tramaced
Spain Monegrillo-Pina steppe area-Pina
Spain Los Monegros (South)
Spain Valdurrios-Serreta Negra and Los Rincones mountain ranges
Spain Lower course of the river Huerva
Spain River Martín canyons and Arcos mountain range
Spain River Guadalope
Spain River Jalón canyon
Spain Pela mountain range-Orellana reservoir-Zorita
Spain Lower course of the river Matarraña-Ribarroja
Spain Peñagolosa
Spain Turia canyon and Los Serranos
Spain Rivers Cabriel and Júcar canyons
Spain Marina mountain ranges
Spain La Safor and North Alicante mountain ranges
Spain Morella pass
Spain Espadán mountain range
Spain Bardenas Reales
Spain Iruelas valley
Spain Enguera mountain range-La Canal de Navarrés
Spain Monfragüe
Spain Sierra Morena de Córdoba
France Massif des Albères
Algeria Belezma
Libya Nefhusa
Morocco Parc Naturel de Talassemtane
Morocco Barrage Mohamed V
Morocco Parc National de Tazekka
Morocco Jbel Zerhoun
Morocco Parc Naturel d'Ifrane
Morocco Parc National du Haut Atlas Oriental
Morocco Piste de Tagdilt
Morocco Oued Matil: Ksob
Morocco Parc National de Toubkal
Morocco Tamri and Imsouane
Morocco Tarhazoute
Morocco Parc National de Souss-Massa and Aglou
Morocco Msseyed
Morocco Baie d'Ad Dakhla
Morocco Dakhla area
Tunisia Ichkeul
Tunisia Plaines de Kairouan
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia
Tunisia Metbassta
Tunisia Barrage El Houareb
Tunisia Chaâmbi
Tunisia Bouhedma
Tunisia Steppe de Gafsa
Tunisia Sebkhet Ennoual
Tunisia Îles Kneiss
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi Mansour
Tunisia Sebkhet Dreiaâ
Tunisia Chott Djerid
Tunisia Côte de Zerkine et El Grine
Tunisia Jbil
Tunisia Sidi Toui
Portugal Portas de Ródão e Vale Mourão
Portugal Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Oenanthe leucura. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/10/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/10/2021.