Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 146,000,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 155,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.1 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.3,900,000-4,200,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 46,400-77,500 pairs, which equates to 92,800-155,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are decreasing, while others are stable, have unknown trends or are increasing (Wetlands International 2015). This species has undergone a small or statistically insignificant increase over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey/Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007). In Europe the population size trend is unknown (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Angola V Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bermuda (to UK) V Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Botswana N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Cameroon V Extant
Canada N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant
El Salvador N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Eswatini V Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guatemala N Extant
Hong Kong (China) V Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant
Malta N Extant Yes
Mexico N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Myanmar V Extant
Namibia N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Nigeria V Extant
North Korea N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Philippines V Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
South Africa N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zimbabwe N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Afghanistan Kole Hashmat Khan
Albania Lake Ohrid and surrounding area
Azerbaijan Aggyol
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Azerbaijan Kura Delta
Azerbaijan Lake Hajigabul
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu
China (mainland) Sayram Nur
China (mainland) Tarim Euphrates Poplar Forest Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Xayar forest and wetland
Egypt Lake Nasser
Egypt Lake Qarun Protected Area
Ethiopia Abijatta - Shalla Lakes National Park
France Etang de Thau
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France La Dombes
France Plaine du Forez
France Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gori Gol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys
Israel Judean foothills
Italy Cagliari wetlands
Italy Po Delta
Italy Venice lagoon
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Kumdykol-Zharlykol Lake System
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Tentek River Delta
Kazakhstan Zhumay-Mayshukyr Lake System
Kenya Lake Bogoria National Reserve
Kenya Lake Elmenteita
Kenya Lake Nakuru National Park
Kyrgyzstan Eastern Issyk Kul Lake
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Kyrgyzstan Tokmak Pheasant Reserve
Kyrgyzstan Western Issyk Kul Lake
Mexico Bahía de Ceuta-Cospita
Mexico Lago de Texcoco
Mongolia Sharga Lake
Montenegro Lake Skadar
Namibia Cape Cross lagoon
Namibia Sperrgebiet
Namibia Walvis Bay
Pakistan Kirthar National Park (including Hub Dam)
Poland Upper Wisla River Valley
Romania Black Sea
Romania Lake Techirghiol
Russia (Asian) Argun' river
Russia (Central Asian) Atyazh lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shiye and Maliye Donki lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoy Sarykul' lake
Russia (Central Asian) Bottomland of Tobol river near villages Lebedevka and Bygrovoe
Russia (Central Asian) Butash and Gor'koye lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Bykovo lake
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Chuburat Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of Tobol river between mouths of the Uya and Ubagan rivers
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of Tobol river near Lebedevka and Bugrovoye villages
Russia (Central Asian) Inder'
Russia (Central Asian) Krutali Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kuktibiz lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kurlady Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kurumbel'skaya steppe
Russia (Central Asian) Lake Kurlady 2
Russia (Central Asian) Lake system near Lotoshnoye village
Russia (Central Asian) Man'yass lake
Russia (Central Asian) Mayan lake
Russia (Central Asian) Peschanokoledinskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Saltaim-Tenis lake
Russia (Central Asian) Saltosarayskoye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Schuch'ye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Shchuch'ye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Sibirskiye Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Stekleney Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Tirikul' and Kadkul' lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Travykul' lake
Russia (Central Asian) Uryadki Lake
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don
Saudi Arabia Gulf of Salwah
South Africa Cape Whale Coast
South Africa False Bay Nature Reserve
South Africa Kamfers Dam
South Africa Orange River Mouth Wetlands
South Africa Wilderness - Sedgefield Lakes Complex
Spain Mar Menor coastal lagoon
Spain Mata and Torrevieja lagoons
Spain Odiel and Tinto marshes and Huelva coastal lagoons
Spain Salt-pans of Ibiza and Formentera and Freus isles
Syria Bahrat Homs
Tunisia Lac de Tunis
Tunisia Salines de Thyna
Turkey Burdur Lake
Turkey Erçek Lake
Turkey Sodalıgöl (Arın Lake)
Turkmenistan Ekerem - Esenguly
Turkmenistan Garabogaz - Garshy
Ukraine Fishponds near Kukil'nyky village
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Energodar)
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Vasylivka village)
Ukraine Molochnyj Liman
Ukraine Zalozhyntsi fish-ponds
USA Gilbert Bay/South Arm UT05
USA Ogden Bay UT03
Uzbekistan Achinskoe Lake
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake
Uzbekistan Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs
Uzbekistan Tuzkan Lake

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Aquaculture Ponds suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Ponds (below 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major breeding
Altitude 0 - 2500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Other impacts Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Likely to Return Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Past Impact
Species mortality

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Podiceps nigricollis. Downloaded from on 17/11/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 17/11/2019.