Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency does not normally occur in forest
Land-mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 146,000,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 155,000,000 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Number of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend unknown not applicable -
Generation length (years) 7.1 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.3,900,000-4,200,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 46,400-77,500 pairs, which equates to 92,800-155,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are decreasing, while others are stable, have unknown trends or are increasing (Wetlands International 2015). This species has undergone a small or statistically insignificant increase over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey/Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007). In Europe the population size trend is unknown (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan extant native yes
Albania extant native yes
Algeria extant native
Angola extant vagrant
Armenia extant native yes
Austria extant native yes
Azerbaijan extant native yes
Bahrain extant native yes
Belarus extant native yes
Belgium extant native yes
Bermuda (to UK) extant vagrant
Bosnia and Herzegovina extant native yes
Botswana extant native
Bulgaria extant native yes
Cameroon extant vagrant
Canada extant native yes
China (mainland) extant native
Costa Rica extant native yes
Croatia extant native yes
Cyprus extant native yes
Czechia extant native yes
Denmark extant native yes
Egypt extant native
El Salvador extant native
Estonia extant native yes
Eswatini extant vagrant
Ethiopia extant native
Finland extant vagrant
France extant native yes yes
Georgia extant native yes
Germany extant native yes yes
Gibraltar (to UK) extant vagrant
Greece extant native yes yes
Guatemala extant native
Hong Kong (China) extant vagrant
Hungary extant native yes
India extant native
Iran, Islamic Republic of extant native yes yes
Iraq extant native yes
Ireland extant native yes
Israel extant native yes
Italy extant native yes
Japan extant native
Jordan extant native yes yes
Kazakhstan extant native yes
Kenya extant native
Kuwait extant native yes yes
Kyrgyzstan extant native yes
Latvia extant native yes
Lebanon extant native yes yes
Libya extant native
Liechtenstein extant native yes
Lithuania extant native yes
Luxembourg extant native
Malta extant native yes
Mexico extant native
Moldova extant native yes
Mongolia extant native yes
Montenegro extant native yes
Morocco extant native
Myanmar extant vagrant
Namibia extant native yes
Nepal extant native
Netherlands extant native yes
Nigeria extant vagrant
North Korea extant native
North Macedonia extant native yes
Norway extant vagrant
Oman extant native yes yes
Pakistan extant native
Palestine extant native yes
Philippines extant vagrant
Poland extant native yes
Portugal extant native yes
Qatar extant native yes
Romania extant native yes yes
Russia extant native yes
Russia (Asian) extant native yes
Russia (Central Asian) extant native yes
Russia (European) extant native yes
Saudi Arabia extant native yes
Senegal extant native yes
Serbia extant native yes
Seychelles extant vagrant
Slovakia extant native yes yes
Slovenia extant native yes
South Africa extant native yes
South Korea extant native
Spain extant native yes
Sudan extant native yes yes
Sweden extant native yes
Switzerland extant native yes
Syria extant native yes
Taiwan, China extant native
Tajikistan extant native
Tanzania extant native
Tunisia extant native yes
Türkiye extant native yes yes
Turkmenistan extant native yes
Uganda extant native
Ukraine extant native yes yes
United Arab Emirates extant native yes
United Kingdom extant native yes
USA extant native yes
Uzbekistan extant native yes
Vietnam extant native
Yemen extant native yes yes
Zimbabwe extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Ukraine Molochnyj Liman
Ukraine Fishponds near Kukil'nyky village
France Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Etang de Thau
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France La Dombes
France Plaine du Forez
Albania Lake Ohrid and surrounding area
Egypt Lake Qarun Protected Area
Egypt Lake Nasser
Ethiopia Abijatta - Shalla Lakes National Park
Kenya Lake Bogoria National Reserve
Kenya Lake Elmenteita
Kenya Lake Nakuru National Park
Namibia Cape Cross lagoon
Namibia Walvis Bay
Namibia Sperrgebiet
Tunisia Lac de Tunis
Tunisia Salines de Thyna
South Africa Grasslands
South Africa Orange River Mouth Wetlands
South Africa Kamfers Dam
South Africa Wilderness - Sedgefield Lakes Complex
South Africa False Bay Nature Reserve
South Africa Cape Whale Coast
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Vasylivka village)
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Energodar)
Ukraine Zalozhyntsi fish-ponds
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gori Gol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Saudi Arabia Gulf of Salwah
Pakistan Kirthar National Park (including Hub Dam)
Russia (Asian) Argun' river
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoy Sarykul' lake
Russia (Central Asian) Man'yass lake
Russia (Central Asian) Travykul' lake
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shiye and Maliye Donki lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Mayan lake
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of Tobol river between mouths of the Uya and Ubagan rivers
Azerbaijan Kura Delta
Azerbaijan Aggyol
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu
Azerbaijan Lake Hajigabul
Russia (Central Asian) Stekleney Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Chuburat Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Uryadki Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kuktibiz lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Krutali Lake
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Saltaim-Tenis lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kurlady Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Butash and Gor'koye lakes
Afghanistan Kole Hashmat Khan
Mongolia Sharga Lake
Israel Judean foothills
Syria Bahrat Homs
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake
Uzbekistan Tuzkan Lake
Uzbekistan Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs
Italy Po Delta
Italy Venice lagoon
Uzbekistan Achinskoe Lake
Turkmenistan Garabogaz - Garshy
Turkmenistan Ekerem - Esenguly
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Tentek River Delta
Türkiye Sodalıgöl (Arın Lake)
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake
Türkiye Burdur Lake
Türkiye Erçek Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Atyazh lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Saltosarayskoye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Peschanokoledinskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Schuch'ye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Inder'
Russia (Central Asian) Bykovo lake
Russia (Central Asian) Tirikul' and Kadkul' lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of Tobol river near Lebedevka and Bugrovoye villages
Russia (Central Asian) Kurumbel'skaya steppe
Russia (Central Asian) Sibirskiye Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Lake system near Lotoshnoye village
Italy Cagliari wetlands
USA Gilbert Bay/South Arm UT05
USA Ogden Bay UT03
Romania Black Sea
Romania Lake Techirghiol
Kyrgyzstan Western Issyk Kul Lake
Kyrgyzstan Eastern Issyk Kul Lake
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Kyrgyzstan Tokmak Pheasant Reserve
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Kumdykol-Zharlykol Lake System
Kazakhstan Zhumay-Mayshukyr Lake System
China (mainland) Tarim Euphrates Poplar Forest Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Sayram Nur
China (mainland) Xayar forest and wetland
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Netherlands Grevelingen
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don
Montenegro Skadar Lake

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Aquaculture Ponds suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Ponds (below 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major breeding
Altitude 0 - 2500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Other impacts Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Likely to Return Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Past Impact
Species mortality

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - non-trivial recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - international non-trivial recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Podiceps nigricollis. Downloaded from on 24/09/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 24/09/2023.