VU
Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla



References

Anker-Nilssen, T., Barrett, R.T., Bustnes, J.O., Christensen-Dalsgaard, S., Erikstad, K.E., Fauchald, P., Lorentsen, S.-H., Steen, H., Strøm, H., Systad, G.H. and Tveraa, T. 2008. SEAPOP studies in the Barents and Norwegian Seas in 2007. In: NINA Rapport 363 (ed.).

Berglund, P.A. and Hentati-Sundberg, J. 2014. Arctic Seabirds Breeding in the African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) Area: Status and Trends 2014. AEWA Conservation Status Report (CSR6) background report.

BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Bradbury, G., Trinder, M., Furness, B., Banks, A.N., Caldow, R.W.G. and Hume, D. 2014. Mapping Seabird Sensitivity to Offshore Wind Farms. PLoS ONE 9(9): e106366.

Burger, J., Gochfeld, M., Kirwan, G.M., Christie, D.A. and Garcia, E.F.J. 2016. Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Coulson, J. 2011. The Kittiwake. Bloomsbury Publishing.

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Descamps, S., Anker-Nilssen, T., Barrett, R.T., Irons, D.B., Merkel, F., Robertson, G.J., Yoccoz, N.G., Mallory, M.L., Montevecchi, W.A., Boertmann, D., Artukhin, Y.; Christensen-Dalsgaard, S., Erikstad, K.-E., Gilchrist, H.G., Labansen, A.L., Lorentsen, S.-H., Mosbech, A., Olsen, B., Petersen, A., Rail, J.-F., Renner, H.M., Strøm, H., Systad, G.H., Wilhem, S.I., Zelenskaya, L. 2017. Circumpolar dynamics of a marine top-predator track ocean warming rates. Global Change Biology 23(9): 3770–3780.

Flint, V.E.; Boehme, R.L.; Kostin, Y.V.; Kuznetsov, A.A. 1984. A field guide to birds of the USSR. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Frederiksen, M.; Wanless, S.; Harris, M. P.; Rothery, P.; Wilson, L. J. 2004. The role of industrial fisheries and oceanographic change in the decline of North Sea black-legged kittiwakes. Journal of Applied Ecology 41: 1129-1139.

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Hatch, S.A. 2013. Kittiwake diets and chick production signal a 2008 regime shift in the Northeast Pacific. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 477: 271-284.

Labansen, A.L., Merkel, F., Boertmann, D. and Nyeland, J. 2010. Status of the Black-Legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) Breeding Population in Greenland, 2008. Polar Research 29(3): 391-403.

Mallory, M.L., Akearok, J.A. and Gaston, A.J. 2009. Status of High Arctic Black-Legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) Colonies in Barrow Strait, Nunavut, Canada. Arctic 62: 96-101.

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North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2016. The State of North America's Birds. Species Assessment Summary and Watch List. http://www.stateofthebirds.org/2016/resources/species-assessments/.

Olsen, K. M.; Larsson, H. 2004. Gulls of Europe, Asia and North America. Christopher Helm, London.

OSPAR. 2010. Background Document for Black-legged kittiwakes Rissa tridactyla tridactyla. Available at: http://qsr2010.ospar.org/media/assessments/Species/P00414_Black_legged_kittiwake.pdf.

Snow, D.W. and Perrins, C.M. 1998. The Birds of the Western Palearctic, Volume 1: Non-Passerines. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Thorup, S.H., Jensen, J-K., Petersen, K.T. and Kasper, D.B. 2014. Færøsk Trækfugleatlas. The Faroese Bird Migration Atlas. Faroe University Press, Tórshavn.

Wetlands International. 2012. Waterbird Population Estimates: Fifth Edition. Summary Report. Edited by Taej Mundkur and Szabolcs Nagy. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

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Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos, videos and sounds of this species in the Internet Bird Collection.

Media resources
Arkive species - Black-legged kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla)

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Rissa tridactyla. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2017.