Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus

Family: Threskiornithidae (Ibises, Spoonbills)

Authority: (Latham, 1790)

Red List Category

Criteria: A2bcd+3bcd+4bcd

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Justification of Red List category
In common with most large wetland species in Asia, this species is thought to be undergoing a population reduction, which is suspected to be moderately rapid. It faces the full gambit of threats, from hunting and disturbance at breeding colonies to drainage and conversion of foraging habitats to agriculture. It consequently qualifies as Near Threatened. However in some areas the species is increasing and further information is required to ascertain whether the population as a whole is decreasing less rapidly than currently suspected. Evidence to demonstrate this could result in the species being downlisted to a lower threat category.

Population size: 10000-19999 mature individuals

Population trend: decreasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 22,300,000 km2

Country endemic: no

Land-mass type - continent
Land-mass type - shelf island
Realm - Indomalayan
Realm - Palearctic
IUCN Ecosystem -- Freshwater biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Marine biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Threskiornis melanocephalus. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/black-headed-ibis-threskiornis-melanocephalus on 06/12/2023.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org on 06/12/2023.