LC
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2014 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 6,120,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 723,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 7000000-25999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.6 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 2,470,000-8,160,000 pairs, which equates to 4,930,000-16,300,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.65% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 7,500,000-25,100,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: In Europe the overall trend from 1980 to 2011 was uncertain (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan V Extant
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria V Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria V Extant
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Brunei V Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
China (mainland) V Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia V Extant
Denmark V Extant
Egypt N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland V Extant
France V Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hong Kong (China) V Extant
Iceland V Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan V Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Laos V Extant
Latvia V Extant
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Libya V Extant
Malaysia V Extant
Malta V Extant
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco V Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands V Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes
Palau V Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes Yes
Poland V Extant
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia V Extant
Slovenia N Extant Yes
South Korea V Extant
Spain V Extant
Sri Lanka V Extant Yes
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland V Extant
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Thailand V Extant
Tunisia V Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Azerbaijan Gobustan area
Cyprus Karpas Peninsula
Cyprus Pentadaktylos Mountains
Cyprus Cape Greco
Cyprus Episkopi Cliffs
Cyprus Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges
Cyprus Adelphoi Forest - Papoutsa
Bulgaria Radinchevo
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Alyki Angelochoriou lagoon (Megalou Emvolou)
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Mountains of Naxos
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Evrotas delta
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Kythira island
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Kalamaki gorge and Zarkou mountains
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Apsalos and Moglenitsa gorges
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Mountains of central Evvoia
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Lake Pikrolimni
Greece Agios Efstratios island
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Olympos and pine forest of central Lesvos
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Valtou mountains
Greece Mount Kantili
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Asvestades - Vrysika area
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Mati wetland of Tyrnavos
Greece Spercheios valley and delta and Maliakos gulf
Greece Serifos island
Greece Aliakmonas gorge
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Strymonas estuary
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Lake Dystos
Greece Psara and Antipsara islands and surrounding islets
Greece Thessaly plain
Greece Farsala area
Greece Tyrnavos area
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Mount Ymittos
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Greece Lavreotiki peninsula and Patroklos islet
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Greece Zakynthos island
Greece Western, eastern and southern Rhodes
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Greece Mount Dikaios, lake Psalidi and Alyki lagoon, Kos
Russia (European) Teberdinski Nature Reserve
Ukraine Bagerove
Ukraine Uzunlars'ke lake
Italy Tolfa hills
Italy Murge
Italy Argentario
Georgia Iori Region
Serbia Prokletije
Serbia Pcinja
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Croatia Neretva Delta
Montenegro Lake Skadar
Italy Argentario, Laguna di Orbetello Lagoon e Lago di Burano
Syria Mount Hermon
Syria Jabal Slenfeh
Russia (European) Kasumkentski reserve
Russia (European) Leninsk forest area
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Bulgaria Harmanliyska Reka
Bulgaria Sakar
Bulgaria Derventski Heights
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Palakaria
Bulgaria Maritsa-Parvomay
Bulgaria Zlato Pole
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha
Bulgaria Nikopolsko Plateau
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Bulgaria Devetashko Plateau
Bulgaria Ruy Mountain
Bulgaria Zemen Gordge
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain
Armenia Amasia
North Macedonia Taor Gorge
North Macedonia Mariovo
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kiamaki Wildlife Refuge
North Macedonia Demir Kapija Gorge
Iraq Benavi and Sararu
Iraq Dure
Iraq Amedi and Sulav
North Macedonia River Pchinja-river Petroshnica-river Kriva Reka
Lebanon Aammiq wetland
North Macedonia Lake Tikvesh
North Macedonia Tikvesh Region
Syria Abu Zad
Bulgaria Byala Reka
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Krumovitza
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets
Lebanon Hima Ebel es-Saqi
Russia (European) Budary lakes
Russia (European) Kissyk area
Russia (European) Floodplain of the Terek river near Staroshchedrinskaya
Russia (European) Valley of Bashlychai river
Russia (European) Buinakskaya depression
Russia (European) Karanogaiskiye steppes
Russia (European) Nizhnekumskiye floods
Russia (European) Barchan Sarykum and Narat-Tyube
Italy Lake Bracciano and Tolfa hills
Italy River Biferno
Italy Calanchi della Basilicata
Lebanon Upper Mountains of Akkar-Donnieh
Lebanon Hima Anjar - Kfar Zabad
Lebanon Rim - Sannine Mountain
North Macedonia River Topolka-river Babuna-river Bregalnica
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve
North Macedonia Gradsko-Rosoman-Negotino
Cyprus Karpasia Peninsula - Kleides Islands
Cyprus Mahairas Forest - Tzionia
Cyprus Xylourikos Valley
Armenia Haghartsin
Syria Jabal al-Shuah
Iraq Ahmed Awa
Iraq Bakhma and Bradost Mountain
Iraq Barzan Area and Gali Balnda
Iraq Chami Razan
Iraq Doli Smaquli and Ashab
Iraq Gara Mountain and Garagu
Iraq Hawraman Area
Iraq Peramagroon Mountain
Iraq Qara Dagh
Iraq Mangesh
Iraq Amedi and Sulav
Serbia Dobric-Nisava
Serbia Negotinska krajina
Serbia Presevo valley - Rujen
Serbia Stara mountains
Serbia Timocko pobrdje

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Emberiza melanocephala. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/10/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/10/2020.