Black Harrier Circus maurus


Anderson, M. D. 2013. Focus on the black harrier. African Birdlife 1: 50-51.

Barnes, K. N. 2000. The Eskom Red Data Book of birds of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

Brown, L.H., Urban, E.K. and Newman, K. 1982. The Birds of Africa, Volume I. Academic Press, London.

Cervantes Peralta F, Simmons RE, Martins M. in prep. Every bird counts: population viability assessment of a rare endemic raptor reveals susceptibility to wind farm impacts.

Curtis, O.; Simmons, R.E.; Jenkins, A. R. 2004. Black Harrier Circus maurus of the Fynbos biome, South Africa: a threatened specialist or an adaptable survivor? Bird Conservation International 14: 233-245.

Fuchs, J.; Simmons, R. E.; Mindell, D. P.; Bowie, R. C. K.; Oatley, G. 2014. Lack of mtDNA genetic diversity in the Black Harrier Circus maurus, a Southern African endemic. Ibis 156: 227-230.

Garcia-Heras, M-S., Arroyo, B., Simmons, R.E., Camarero, P.R., Mateo, R., and Mougeot, F., 2017b. Blood concentrations of PCBs and DDTs in an avian predator endemic to southern Africa: Associations with habitat, electrical transformers, and diet, Environmental Pollution 232: 440-449.

García-Heras, M.-S.; Arroyo, B.; Mougeot, F.; Amar, A.; Simmons, R. E. 2016. Does timing of breeding matter less where the grass is greener? Seasonal declines in breeding performance differ between regions in an endangered endemic raptor. Nature Conservation 15: 23-45.

García-Heras, M.-S.; Mougeot, F.; Simmons, R. E.; Arroyo, B. 2017. Regional and temporal variation in diet and provisioning rates suggest weather limits prey availability for an endangered raptor. Ibis 159(3): 567-579.

Hancock, P. 2008. Black Harrier. In: Hancock, P. (ed.), The status of globally and nationally threatened birds in Botswana, 2008., pp. 13. BirdLife Botswana.

Harrison, J. A., Allan, D. G., Underhill, L. G., Herremans, M., Tree, A. J., Parker, V. & Brown, C. J. 1997. The Atlas of Southern African Birds. BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Jenkins, J.; Simmons, R. E.; Curtis, O.; Atyeo, M.; Raimondo, D.; Jenkins, A. R. 2013. The value of Black Harrier Circus maurus as a predictor of biodiversity in the plant-rich Cape Floral Kingdom, South Africa. Bird Conservation International 23: 66-77.

Lee, A. T. K.; Simmons, R. L. 2014. What's eating Black Harriers Circus maurus? Two predation events camera-recorded on a ground nesting raptor. Gabar 25: 9-14.

Siegfried, W. R. 1992. Conservation status of the South African endemic avifauna. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 22: 61-64.

Simmons, R. E. 2015. Black Harrier Circus maurus. In: Simmons, R. E.; Brown, C. J.; Kemper, J. (ed.), Birds to watch in Namibia: red, rare and endemic species, pp. 123-124. Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Namibia Nature Foundation.

Simmons, R.E. 2005. Declining coastal avifauna at a diamond-mining site in Namibia: comparisons and causes. Ostrich 76(3-4): 97-103.

Simmons, R.E. 2005. Reviewing the conservation status of the Black Harrier, Circus maurus. Gabar 16: 29-31.

Taylor, M. R. 2015. Black Harrier Circus maurus. In: Taylor, M. R.; Peacock, F.; Wanless, R. M. (ed.), The 2015 Eskom Red Data Book of Birds of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland, pp. 125-127. BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Thiollay, J.-M. 1994. Family Accipitridae (Hawks and Eagles). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. (ed.), Handbook of the birds of the world, pp. 52-205. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Further resources

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Circus maurus. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/black-harrier-circus-maurus on 02/10/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org on 02/10/2023.