Black-fronted Tern Chlidonias albostriatus


Bell, M. 2017. Population size, breeding success and predators of black-fronted tern (Chlidonias albostriatus) in the upper Clarence River catchment, New Zealand. Notornis 64: 154-161.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

Caruso, B.S. 2006. Project river recovery: restoration of braided gravel-bed river habitat in New Zealand’s high country. Environmental Management 37(6): 840-861.

Child, P. 1986. Black-fronted Tern breeding at high altitude. Notornis 33: 193-194.

Cruz, J., Pech, R.P., Seddon, P.J., Cleland, S., Nelson, D., Sanders, M.D. and Maloney, R.F. 2013. Species-specific responses by ground-nesting Charadriiformes to invasive predators and river flows in the braided Tasman River of New Zealand. Biological Conservation 167: 363-370.

Cruz, J., Woolmore, C., Latham, M.C., Latham, A.D.M., Pech, R.P. and Anderson, D.P. 2014. Seasonal and individual variation in selection by feral cats for areas with widespread primary prey and localised alternative prey. Wildlife Research 41: 650-661.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Duncan, M. J., Hughey, K. F., Cochrane, C. H., and Bind, J. 2008. River modelling to better manage mammalian predator access to islands in braided rivers. BHS 10th National Hydrology Symposium, Exeter.

Hamblin, C.H., Paterson, A., Ross, J.G., Maloney, R.F. 2019. Social attractants, a conservation tool for black-fronted terns. Wildlife Society Bulletin 43(3): 468-475.

Heather, B. D. & Robertson, H. A. 1997. The Field Guide to the Birds of New Zealand. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

IUCN. 2022. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2022-2. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 08 December 2022).

Keedwell, R., and Sanders, M. D. 1999. Australian magpie preys on banded dotterel chicks. Notornis 46(4): 499-501.

Keedwell, R.J. 2003. Does fledging equal success? Post-fledging mortality in the black-fronted tern. Journal of Field Ornithology 74: 217-221.

Keedwell, R.J. 2005. Breeding biology of Black-fronted Terns (Sterna albostriata) and the effects of predation. Emu 105: 39-47.

Keedwell, R.J., Sanders, M.D., Alley, M., Twentyman, C. 2002. Causes of mortality of black-fronted terns Sterna albostriata on the Ohau River, South Island, New Zealand. Pacific Conservation Biology 8(3): 170-176.

Lalas, C. 1979. Seasonal movement of black-fronted terns. Notornis 86: 69-72.

Nelson. 2006. Wairau hydro scheme would hasten terns’ decline. Royal Forest and Bird Protection Society.

O'Donnell, C. F. J.; Hoare, J. M. 2009. Predation of lizards by Black-fronted Terns (Sterna albostriata). Notornis 56(3): 167-168.

O'Donnell, C.F.J.; Hoare J.M. 2011. Meta-analysis of status and trends in breeding populations of black-fronted terns (Chlidonias albostriatus) 1962–2008. New Zealand Journal of Ecology: 30-43.

O’Donnell, C.F., Sedgeley, J.A. and Van Hal, J. 2010. Variation in house cat (Felis catus) predation sign at a black-fronted tern (Sterna albostriata) colony. Notornis 57: 43-47.

O’Donnell, C.F.J., Sanders, M., Woolmore, C. and Maloney, R.F. 2016. Management and research priorities for conserving biodiversity on New?Zealand’s braided rivers. Department of Conservation, Wellington, New Zealand.

Robertson, H.A., Baird, K.A., Elliott, G.P., Rodney, A., Hitchmough, N.J., Makan, T.D., Miskelly, C.M., O'Donnell, C.F.J., Sagar, P.M., Scofield, R.P., Taylor, G.A., Michel, P. 2021. Conservation status of birds in Aotearoa New Zealand, 2021. Department of Conservation, Wellington, New Zealand.

Schlesselmann, A.-K.V., Cooper, J., Maloney, R.F. 2017. Single season colony records of black-fronted terns (Chlidonias albostriatus) spanning their entire breeding range. Notornis 64: 38-43.

Schlesselmann, A.-K.V., O’Donnell, C.F.J., Monks, J.M., Robertson, B.C. 2018. Clearing islands as refugia for black-fronted tern (Chlidonias albostriatus) breeding colonies in braided rivers. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 42: 137-148.

Schlesselmann, A.K.V., Robertson, B.C. 2020. Longevity can mask low Nb if only Ne of mixed-age samples is estimated in threatened and mobile species. Conservation Genetics 21(6): 1067-1071.

Steffens, K.E., Sanders, M.D., Gleeson, D.M., Pullen, K.M. and Stowe, C.J. 2012. Identification of predators at black-fronted tern Chlidonias albostriatus nests, using mtDNA analysis and digital video recorder. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 36(1): 48-55.

Taylor, G. A. 2000. Action plan for seabird conservation in New Zealand. Department of Conservation, Wellington.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Chlidonias albostriatus. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/black-fronted-tern-chlidonias-albostriatus on 04/03/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 04/03/2024.