Black-faced Cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscescens


Taxonomic source(s)
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,730,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 203,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 1992
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 8.7 - - -

Population justification: The total population probably numbers several 10,000s of birds (del Hoyo et al. 1992).

Trend justification: The population trend is difficult to determine because of uncertainty over the extent of threats to the species.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Australia N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Australia Port Davey Islands
Australia Betsey Island
Australia Boxen Island and Big Black Reef
Australia Egg Island (Bass Strait)
Australia Forsyth, Passage and Gull Islands
Australia Kangaroo Island
Australia Sir Joseph Banks Islands
Australia Hippolyte Rocks
Australia Hunter Island Group
Australia King Island
Australia Maatsuyker Island Group
Australia Night Island (Bass Strait)
Australia Ninth and Little Waterhouse Islands
Australia Shag Reef (Bass Strait)
Australia Three Sisters (Bass Strait)
Australia Goose Island (Spencer Gulf)
Australia Troubridge Island
Australia Chalky, Big Green and Badger Island Groups
Australia Franklin Sound Islands
Australia Investigator Islands
Australia Gulf St Vincent
Australia Maatsuyker Island Group, Port Davey Islands / Pedra Branca - Marine
Australia Babel Island Group / Chalky, Big Green & Badger Island Groups / Franklin Sound Islands / Boxen Island & Big Black Reef, Forsyth, Passage & Gull Islands / Night Island (Bass Strait) - Marine
Australia Betsey Island - Marine
Australia Egg Island (Bass Strait) - Marine
Australia Kangaroo Island - Marine
Australia Sir Joseph Banks Islands - Marine
Australia Tasman Island / Hippolyte Rocks - Marine
Australia Hunter Island Group, King Island, Robbins Passage & Boullanger Bay / Albatross Island & Black Pyramid Rock - Marine
Australia Ninth & Little Waterhouse Islands, Shag Reef (Bass Strait), Three Sisters (Bass Strait) - Marine
Australia Shag Reef (Bass Strait) - Marine
Australia Three Sisters (Bass Strait) - Marine
Australia Goose Island (Spencer Gulf) - Marine
Australia Troubridge Island - Marine

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands major breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major resident
Marine Neritic Pelagic suitable resident
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Species mortality

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Phalacrocorax fuscescens. Downloaded from on 31/03/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 31/03/2023.