Black Crowned Crane Balearica pavonina


Anon. 2013. A victory in the fight against illegal trade of crowned cranes. ICF Bugle 39 2013.

Aynalem, S.; Helm, M.; Guinness, F.; Cabot, D. 2014. Survey of Wattled and Black Crowned Crane breeding sites in Boyo and other wetlands, Ethiopia. In: Mabhachi, O. (ed.), African Cranes, Wetlands and Communities Newsletter 13, pp. 24.

Beilfuss, R.; Dodman, T.; Urban, E. K. 2007. The status of cranes in Africa in 2005. Ostrich 78(2): 175-184.

del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., and Sargatal, J. 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Dodman, T.; Diop, M. S.; Ndiaye, I.; Sá, J.; Abidine, E. Z.; Fall, M. 2014. Black Crowned Crane surveys in West Africa. In: Mabhachi, O. (ed.), African Cranes, Wetlands and Communities Newsletter 13, pp. 5-11.

Johnsgard, P. A. 1983. Cranes of the world. Croom Helm, London.

Kone, B.; Fofana, B.; Beilfuss, R.; Dodman, T. 2007. The impact of capture, domestication and trade on black-crowned cranes in the Inner Niger Delta, Mali. Ostrich 78(2): 195-203.

Meine, C. D. and Archibald, G. W. 1996. The cranes - status survey and conservation action plan. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland, and Cambridge, U.K.

Morrison, K. 2009. Trade in Grey (Balearica regulorum) and Black Crowned (Balearica pavonina) Cranes. Report to CITES Animals Committee meeting 20 – 24 April 2009.

UNEP-WCMC. 2005. CITES trade database.

Urban, E.K., Fry, C.H. and Keith, S. 1986. The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London.

Williams, E.T.C., Beilfuss, R.D. & Dodman, T. 2003. Status survey and conservation action plan for the Black Crowned Crane Balearica pavonina. Wetlands International, Dakar.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Crane Specialist Group

International Crane Foundation Species Field Guide

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan

Status, Survey and Conservation Action Plan

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Balearica pavonina. Downloaded from on 04/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 04/12/2022.