LC
Black-cowled Oriole Icterus prosthemelas



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,100,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.1 - - -

Population justification: Partners in Flight estimate the total population to number 50,000-499,999 individuals (A. Panjabi in litt. 2008).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Belize N Extant Yes
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant Yes
Honduras U Extant Yes
Mexico N Extant Yes
Nicaragua N Extant Yes
Panama N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) V Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Panama San San Pond Sak Wetlands
Panama Palo Seco Protection Forest
Guatemala Maya - Lacandón
Guatemala Rio La Pasion
Guatemala Sacranix
Guatemala Lachuá - Ik'bolay
Guatemala Candelaria - Campur
Guatemala Guatemalan Caribbean Slope
Guatemala Sierra de las Minas - Motagua
Puerto Rico (to USA) El Yunque
Nicaragua Miskito Keys and terrestrial landscape
Nicaragua Bosawas
Nicaragua Los Guatuzos
Mexico Calakmul
Mexico Chimalapas
Mexico Corredor Calakmul-Sian Ka'an
Mexico Corredor Central Vallarta-Punta Laguna
Costa Rica Arenal-Monteverde
Costa Rica Cahuita, Gandoca-Manzanillo and Migratory Bird Corridor
Costa Rica Central Volcanic Cordillera
Costa Rica La Amistad Caribe
Costa Rica Caribbean lowlands and wetlands
Costa Rica Maleku - Caño Negro
Costa Rica Pacuare, coastal wetlands and Migratory Bird Corridor
Mexico El Ocote
Honduras Rio Platano
Honduras Tawahka
Honduras Parque Nacional Patuca
Honduras Pico Bonito
Mexico Laguna de Términos
Mexico Los Petenes
Mexico Los Tuxtlas
Mexico Yum-balam
Mexico Montes Azules
Mexico Uyumil Ce'h
Mexico Uxpanapa
Mexico Ría Celestún
Honduras Jeanette Kawas
Honduras Cuero y Salado
Honduras Laguna Caratasca
Mexico Sur de Quintana Roo
Mexico Ría Lagartos
Mexico Sian Ka'an
Mexico Sierra de Ticúl-Punto Put
Mexico Sierra de Tabasco
Mexico Sierra Chixtontic-Sierra Canjá
Honduras Valle de Agalta

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Icterus prosthemelas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/07/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/07/2020.