Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus


Taxonomic note
Hypsipetes leucocephalus and H. ganeesa (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) were previously lumped as H. leucocephalus following Sibley & Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency medium
Land-mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 8,830,000 km2 medium
Extent of Occurrence (non-breeding) 7,230,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size unknown - - -
Population trend stable - suspected -
Generation length 3.3 years - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as generally fairly common to very common (del Hoyo et al. 2005), while national population sizes have been estimated at c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs in China and c.100,000-1,000,000 breeding pairs in Taiwan (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Afghanistan extant native yes
Bangladesh extant native
Bhutan extant native yes
Cambodia extant native yes
China (mainland) extant native yes
Hong Kong (China) extant native
India extant native yes
Laos extant native yes
Malaysia extant native
Myanmar extant native yes
Nepal extant native yes
Pakistan extant native yes
Taiwan, China extant native yes
Thailand extant native yes
Vietnam extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Vietnam Ke Go
Vietnam Vu Quang
Vietnam Sinh Long
Vietnam Ban Thi - Xuan Lac
Vietnam Chu Yang Sin
Vietnam Tam Dao
Vietnam Cuc Phuong
Vietnam Bi Dup
Vietnam Fan Si Pan
Vietnam Van Ban
Vietnam Tay Con Linh
Vietnam Du Gia
Vietnam Cong Troi
Vietnam Kon Plong
Vietnam Tuyen Lam
Laos Phou Dendin
Laos Hin Namno
Laos Nam Et
Laos Nam Ha
Laos Nam Xam
Laos Phou Loeuy
Cambodia Phnom Aural
Laos Dong Khanthung
Laos Xe Sap
Laos Dakchung Plateau
Laos Xe Kong Plains
Laos Upper Xe Bangfai
Laos Dong Kalo
Laos Eastern Bolikhamxay Mountains
Cambodia Snoul / Keo Sema / O Reang
Cambodia Kirirom
Laos Nakai Plateau
Laos Nakai-Nam Theun
Nepal Shivapuri-Nagarjun National Park
Nepal Phulchoki Mountain forests
Nepal Mai Valley forests
Nepal Chitwan National Park
Nepal Bardia National Park
Nepal Kanchenjungha Conservation Area
Nepal Khaptad National Park
Nepal Makalu Barun National Park
Nepal Langtang National Park
Nepal Dang Deukhuri foothill forests and west Rapti wetlands
Nepal Tamur valley and watershed
Nepal Annapurna Conservation Area
Nepal Barandabhar forests and wetlands
Hong Kong (China) Tai Po Kau, Shing Mun and Tai Mo Shan area
Thailand Doi Chiang Dao
Thailand Doi Inthanon
Thailand Doi Phukha
Thailand Khao Yai
Thailand Mae Fang
Thailand Mae Jarim National Park
Thailand Mae Lao - Mae Sae
Thailand Nanthaburi
Thailand Thung Yai - Naresuan
Thailand Umphang

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Altitude 600 - 2100 m Occasional altitudinal limits 0 - 3200 m

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Hypsipetes leucocephalus. Downloaded from on 26/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 26/02/2024.