LC
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Hypsipetes leucocephalus and H. ganeesa (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) were previously lumped as H. leucocephalus following Sibley & Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,830,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 7,230,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as generally fairly common to very common (del Hoyo et al. 2005), while national population sizes have been estimated at c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs in China and c.100,000-1,000,000 breeding pairs in Taiwan (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Bhutan N Extant Yes
Cambodia N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
India N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant Yes
Malaysia N Extant
Myanmar N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant Yes
Thailand N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Vietnam Che Tao
Vietnam Ke Go
Vietnam Phong Dien
Vietnam Vu Quang
Vietnam Chu Prong
Vietnam Kon Cha Rang
Vietnam Sinh Long
Vietnam Ban Thi - Xuan Lac
Vietnam Chu Yang Sin
Vietnam Tam Dao
Vietnam Ea So
Vietnam Cuc Phuong
Vietnam Khe Net
Vietnam Bi Dup
Vietnam Lang Bian
Vietnam Phuoc Binh
Vietnam Phong Nha
Vietnam Ke Bang
Vietnam Pu Mat
Vietnam Yok Don
Vietnam Ya Lop
Vietnam Tuyen Lam
Vietnam Kon Plong
Vietnam Chu M'lanh
Vietnam Tay Con Linh
Vietnam Du Gia
Vietnam Cong Troi
Vietnam Fan Si Pan
Vietnam Van Ban
Nepal Annapurna Conservation Area
Nepal Barandabhar forests and wetlands
Nepal Bardia National Park
Nepal Chitwan National Park
Nepal Dang Deukhuri foothill forests and west Rapti wetlands
Nepal Kanchenjungha Conservation Area
Nepal Khaptad National Park
Nepal Langtang National Park
Nepal Mai Valley forests
Nepal Makalu Barun National Park
Nepal Phulchoki Mountain forests
Nepal Shivapuri-Nagarjun National Park
Nepal Tamur valley and watershed
Thailand Doi Inthanon
Thailand Doi Chiang Dao
Thailand Mae Fang
Thailand Mae Lao - Mae Sae
Thailand Mae Jarim National Park
Thailand Doi Phukha
Thailand Nanthaburi
Thailand Khao Yai
Thailand Umphang
Thailand Thung Yai - Naresuan
Hong Kong (China) Tai Po Kau, Shing Mun and Tai Mo Shan area
Laos Nam Et
Laos Phou Loeuy
Laos Nam Ha
Laos Dong Khanthung
Laos Phou Dendin
Laos Nam Xam
Laos Xe Sap
Laos Dakchung Plateau
Laos Upper Xe Bangfai
Laos Hin Namno
Laos Xe Kong Plains
Laos Dong Kalo
Laos Eastern Bolikhamxay Mountains
Laos Nakai Plateau
Laos Nakai-Nam Theun
Cambodia O Skach
Cambodia Phnom Aural
Cambodia Snoul / Keo Sema / O Reang
Cambodia Kirirom
Vietnam Bi Dup - Nui Ba

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Altitude 600 - 2100 m Occasional altitudinal limits 0 - 3200 m

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Hypsipetes leucocephalus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/06/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/06/2022.