LC
Black-billed Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus somaliensis



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,890,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is apparently not rare (del Hoyo et al. 2001).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to destruction of large trees which provide nesting sites (del Hoyo et al. 2001).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Djibouti N Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Somalia N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Djibouti Forêt de Day
Eritrea Western Plain: Barka river
Eritrea Semenawi Bahri
Eritrea Western Plain: Gash - Setit
Eritrea Southern Plateau: Furrus
Eritrea Mareb escarpment
Ethiopia Yangudi-Rassa National Park
Ethiopia Awash National Park
Ethiopia Babille Elephant Sanctuary
Ethiopia Abijatta - Shalla Lakes National Park
Ethiopia Sof Omar
Ethiopia Nechisar National Park and surroundings
Ethiopia Genale river
Ethiopia Mankubsa - Welenso forest
Ethiopia Konso - Segen
Ethiopia Yabello Sanctuary
Ethiopia Arero forest
Ethiopia Dawa - Wachile
Somalia Daalo
Somalia Saylac
Somalia Gacan Libaax
Somalia Boorama plains
Somalia Lascaanod - Taleex - Ceel Chebet
Somalia Balcad Nature Reserve
Somalia Aangole - Farbiito
Somalia Far Waamo
Somalia Laag Badaana
Tanzania Mkomazi National Park
Ethiopia Eastern Hararghe (Harar-Wabi Shebelle)

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater Springs and Oases suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Phoeniculus somaliensis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/10/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/10/2021.