Black-billed Amazon Amazona agilis


Cawley, R.; Wright, C.; White, O.; Rowe, D.; Gibson, L. 2020. New and increasing threats may have significant impact on Jamaica's black-billed parrot Amazona agilis . Oryx 54(4): 441.

Collar, N. J. 1997. Psittacidae (Parrots). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. (ed.), Handbook of the birds of the world, pp. 280-477. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Davis, H. 1997. The parrots and parakeet in Jamaica - an investigation by the Jamaica Parrot Project team. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 69: 7-9.

Gibson, L. 2020. Bycatch of the day: Wild meat consumption, ecological knowledge, and symolic capital among indigenous Maroon Parrot hunters of Jamaica. Journal of Ethnobiology 40(2): 167-182.

Global Forest Watch. 2020. Interactive Forest Change Mapping Tool. Available at: http://www.globalforestwatch.org/.

IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 December 2020).

Juniper, T.; Parr, M. 1998. Parrots: a guide to the parrots of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

Koenig, S. E. 1999. The reproductive biology of Jamaica's Black-billed Parrot Amazona agilis and conservation implications. Dissertation. Ph.D., School of Forestry and Environmental Studies of Yale University.

Koenig, S. E. 2001. The breeding biology of Black-billed Parrot Amazona agilis and Yellow-billed Parrot Amazona collaria in Cockpit Country, Jamaica. Bird Conservation International 11: 205-225.

Koenig, S. E. 2008. Black-billed parrot (Amazona agilis) population viability assessment (PVA): a science-based prediction for poicy makers. Ornitologia Neotropical.

Raffaele, H.; Wiley, J.; Garrido, O.; Keith, A.; Raffaele, J. 1998. Birds of the West Indies. Christopher Helm, London.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Amazona agilis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/03/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/03/2023.