CR
Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
A3bcd+4abcd A2abcd+3bcd+4abcd A2abcd+3bcd+4abcd; D1

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Critically Endangered A3bcd+4abcd
2016 Critically Endangered A3bcd+4abcd
2015 Critically Endangered A3bcd+4abcd
2013 Critically Endangered A3bcd+4abcd
2012 Critically Endangered A3bcd+4abcd
2010 Critically Endangered A3b,c,d; A4a,b,c,d
2009 Critically Endangered A3b,c,d; A4a,b,c,d
2008 Critically Endangered
2007 Critically Endangered
2004 Endangered
2000 Endangered
1996 Endangered
1994 Endangered
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,550,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 107,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 250-999 medium estimated 2016
Population trend Decreasing good estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 80-100 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 80-100 - - -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulations 1-89 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 10.3 - - -

Population justification: The population in Cambodia was estimated at 294 displaying males or c. 600 individuals in 2009 (Gray et al. 2009a), but recently an extensive survey has reported a total of only 432 individuals (95% CI 312-550) (C. Packman in litt. 2013, Packman et al. 2014). 75-96 individuals remain in Nepal (Baral et al. 2013). No recent total population estimates are known from India, but >100 males were recorded in the country in recent surveys, with the population in D'Ering Wildlife Sanctuary potentially holding 50-60 territorial males (A. Rahmani in litt. 2016). Given these estimates, the total global population for this species is tentatively placed in the range 250-999 mature individuals. This equates to 375-1,499 individuals in total, rounded here to 350-1,500 individuals.

Trend justification: A very rapid decline in the global population is estimated to have occurred over the last three generations, based on figures from Cambodia. Current and projected rates of decline in the Cambodian population alone equate to a decline in the global population exceeding 80% in three generations (T. Gray in litt. 2006).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Bangladesh N Possibly Extinct
Cambodia N Extant Yes
India N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cambodia Ang Tropeang Thmor
Cambodia Boeung Prek Lapouv
Cambodia Northern Santuk
Cambodia Preah Net Preah / Kra Lanh / Pourk
Cambodia Stung / Chi Kreng / Kampong Svay
Cambodia Stung / Prasat Balang
Cambodia Stung Sen / Santuk / Baray
Cambodia Veal Srongae
India Barnadi Wildlife Sanctuary
India Chirang Reserve Forest
India D'Ering Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary
India Deobali Jalah, Sialmari, Haibargaon, Khutikatia (Nagaon)
India Dibang Reserve Forest and adjacent areas
India Dibru - Saikhowa Complex
India Dudhwa National Park
India Gorumara National Park
India Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary
India Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary and Girijapur Barrage
India Kaziranga National Park
India Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary
India Lagga - Bagga Reserve Forest
India Laokhowa and Burhachapori Sanctuaries
India Maguri and Motapung Beels
India Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary
India Majuli
India Manas National Park
India Manas Reserve Forest
India Nameri National Park
India Orang National Park
India Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary
India Pilibhit Tiger Reserve
India Ripu and Chirang Reserve Forests
India Ripu Reserve Forest
India Sonai-Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary
India Subansiri
India The Chapories of Lohit Reserve
Nepal Bardia National Park
Nepal Chitwan National Park
Nepal Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Koshi Barrage
Nepal Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve
Vietnam Ha Tien
Vietnam Tram Chim

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land marginal non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded major non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded major breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching - Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Gathering terrestrial plants - Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Human intrusions & disturbance Work & other activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance
Transportation & service corridors Utility & service lines Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 3
Stresses
Species mortality

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Houbaropsis bengalensis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/12/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/12/2019.