Justification of Red List Category
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (extent of occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is extremely large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
The global population is estimated to number 1.8 million mature individuals (Partners in Flight 2022).
The species has been undergoing a moderate decline at an average of 1.41% per year between 1970 and 2017 (Rosenberg et al. 2019, Partners in Flight 2022). Short-term trends however suggest that the population may have been stable over the past three generations (11 years; Pardieck et al. 2018, Meehan et al. 2020).
Text account compilers
Hermes, C., Bell, F.
Butchart, S. & Ekstrom, J.
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Megaceryle alcyon. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/03/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/03/2023.