Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii


Brown, B. T. 1993. Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii. In: Poole, A.; Gill, F. (ed.), The birds of North America, No. 35, pp. 1-20. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia and the American Ornithologists' Union, Philadelphia and Washington, DC.

Kosciuch, K.L. and B.K. Sandercock. 2008. Cowbird removals unexpectedly increase productivity of a brood parasite and the songbird host. Ecological Applications 18: 537-548.

Krueper, D., J. Bart and T. D. Rich. 2003. Response of vegetation and breeding birds to the removal of cattle on the San Pedro River, Arizona (USA). Conservation Biology 17(2): 607-615.

Kus, B., S. L. Hopp, R. R. Johnson, and B. T. Brown (2010). Bell's Vireo (Vireo bellii), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (A. F. Poole, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Kus, B.E. 1999. Impacts of Brown-headed Cowbird parasitsm on productivity of the endangered Least Bell's Vireo. Studies in Avian Biology 18: 160-166.

Kus, B.E. and M. J. Whitfield. 2005. Parasitism, productivity, and population growth: response of Least Bell’s Vireos and Southwestern Willow Flycatchers to cowbird control. Ornithological Monographs 57: 16-27.

Leathers, J. 2015. EUWALLACEA SP. NR. FORNICATUS: POLYPHAGOUS SHOT HOLE BORER (PSHB). Available at: (Accessed: 03/02/2017).

Longcore, T.; Rich, C.; Mineau, P.; MacDonald, B.; Bert, D.G.; Sullivan, L.M.; Mutrie, E.; Gauthreaux Jr., S.A.; Avery, M.L.; Crawford, R.L.; Manville II, A.M.; Travis, E.R.; Drake, D. 2013. Avian mortality at communication towers in the United States and Canada: which species, how many, and where? Biol. Conserv. 158: 410-419.

Rosenberg, K.V.; Kennedy, J.A.; Dettmers, R.; Ford, R.P.; Reynolds, D.; Alexander, J.D.; Beardmore, C.J.; Blancher, P.J.; Bogart, R.E.; Butcher, G.S.; Camfield, A.F.; Couturier, A.; Demarest, D.W.; Easton, W.E.; Giocomo, J.J.; Keller, R.H.; Mini, A.E.; Panjabi, A.O.; Pashley, D.N.; Rich, T.D.; Ruth, J.M.; Stabins, H.; Stanton, J.; Will, T. 2016. Partners in Flight Landbird Conservation Plan: 2016 Revision for Canada and Continental United States. Partners in Flight Science Committee.

Further resources

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos, videos and sounds of this species in the Internet Bird Collection.

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Vireo bellii. Downloaded from on 26/06/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 26/06/2019.