NT
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Near Threatened A2cde
2014 Near Threatened A2cde
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Near Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 60,500,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 8,770,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1300-6700 poor estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 17.8 - - -

Population justification: Ferguson-Lees et al. (2001) estimated the population to number 1,000-10,000 individuals, but in Europe the population is estimated at 580-790 pairs, which equates to 1,200-1,600 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). A revised global estimate is therefore 2,000-10,000 individuals, roughly equating to 1,300-6,700 mature individuals.

Trend justification: This species is declining throughout its range with the exception of northern Spain, where the population has increased since 1986. Poisoning, both accidental and targeted, as well as habitat degradation, disturbance of breeding sites and collision with powerlines are considered to be the main threats (Ferguson-Lees and Christie 2001). Overall, it is suspected that the population has declined by 25-29% over the past three generations. Within Europe the population is estimated to be decreasing by at least 10% in 53.4 years (three generations) (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Possibly Extinct Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria R Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bhutan N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extinct Yes
Bulgaria V Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia V Extant Yes
Cyprus V Extant Yes
Czech Republic V Extant Yes
Djibouti V Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany V Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
India N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy R Extant Yes
Jordan N Extinct Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Lebanon V Extant Yes
Lesotho N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extinct Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of N Possibly Extinct Yes
Mauritania V Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extinct Yes
Morocco N Extant Yes
Mozambique V Extant Yes
Namibia V Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes
North Korea V Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories V Extinct Yes
Portugal V Extant Yes
Romania V Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extinct Yes
Somalia V Extant Yes
South Africa N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland R Extant Yes
Syria N Extinct Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zimbabwe V Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Armenia Meghri
Armenia Zangezoor
France Cirque de Gavarnie
France Forêts domaniales de Corse
France Haut Giffre
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Parc National de la Vanoise
France Parc National du Mercantour
France Puig Carlit et environs
France Vallée d'Asco
France Vallée de la Restonica
France Vallée de Melles, cols d'Aoueran et d'Artisagou et Mont Vallier
France Vallée du Verghello
France Vallées du Lis et de la Pique
France Zones rupestres du Tarasconnais et massif d'Aston
Georgia Eastern Caucasus
Georgia Iori Region
Georgia Meskheti
Greece Krioneritis mountain
Greece Lefka mountains
Greece Mount Asterousia (Kofinas)
Greece Mount Dikti
Greece Mount Ghiona, Reka ravine, Lazorema, and Vathia Lakka
Greece Mount Idi
Greece Mount Kedros and Kourtaliotiko gorge
Greece Mount Koutroulis, Mount Ag. Dikaios and Modia plateau
Greece Mount Olympos
Greece Mount Thryptis and Mount Ornon
Greece Mount Vardousia
Greece Southern and eastern part of Mount Parnassos
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arasbaran Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kavir region
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lar River Protected Area
Iraq Bakhma, Dukan and Darbandikhan dams
Iraq Ser Amadiya and Sulav Resort
Israel Judean desert
Jordan Dana
Jordan Hisma Basin - Rum
Jordan Wadi Mujib
Palestinian Authority Territories Jerusalem wilderness
Russia (European) Alaniya National Park
Russia (European) Bazarduyzi and Shalbuzdag alpine mountains
Russia (European) Kabardino-Balkarski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Kebyaktepe ridge
Russia (European) Kosobo-Kelebski reserve
Russia (European) Marinskaya cuesta of Skalisti ridge
Russia (European) Priel'brus'ye National Park
Russia (European) Ravine of Gundelen-Tyzyl river
Russia (European) Targimskaya intermountain
Russia (European) Tlyaratinski reserve
Saudi Arabia Jabal al-Lawz
Saudi Arabia Shallal ad-Dahna
Saudi Arabia Taif escarpment
Spain Alt Pallars
Spain Areta, Archuba and Zariquieta mountain ranges
Spain Belagua-Ansó-Hecho
Spain Boumort mountains
Spain Cadí mountains
Spain Dos Ríos and Orba mountain ranges
Spain Gistaín-Cotiella
Spain Guara mountain range
Spain Izaga crag
Spain Leyre, Illón and San Miguel mountain ranges
Spain Montsech and Montgai mountains
Spain Ordesa-Bielsa
Spain Oturia-Canciás
Spain Panticosa-Vignemale-Tendeñera
Spain Posets-Maladeta
Spain Roncesvalles-Irati-Abodi mountain range
Spain San Juan de la Peña-Oroel crag
Spain San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret
Spain Sant Gervás mountains
Spain Santo Domingo-Riglos-Gratal
Spain Turbón-Espés-Sis
Turkey Ağrı Mount
Turkey Aladağlar
Turkey Bey Mountains
Turkey Bolkar Mountains
Turkey Buzul and İkiyaka Mountains
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains
Turkey İlgaz Mountains
Turkey Munzur Mountains
Turkey Şemdinli Valley
Turkey Sündiken Mountains
Turkey Tanin Tanin Mountains
Turkey Yalnızçam Mountains
Turkey Zap Suyu Valley
Yemen Haraz mountains
Yemen Jabal Sumarah
Yemen Kawkaban - Shibam
Yemen Mahwit
Yemen Wadi al-Birayn

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Altitude 1000 - 7500 m Occasional altitudinal limits (min) 600 m

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Causing/Could cause fluctuations Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching - Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Causing/Could cause fluctuations Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Energy production & mining Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - Named species - Canis familiaris Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Competition
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Species mortality
Residential & commercial development Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Causing/Could cause fluctuations Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Transportation & service corridors Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation
Transportation & service corridors Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Medicine - human & veterinary - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Gypaetus barbatus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/10/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/10/2017.