Bearded Reedling Panurus biarmicus


Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 23,700,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 25,200,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 3000000-5999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.2 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 232,000-437,000 pairs, which equates to 464,000-875,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.15% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 3,000,000-5,800,000 mature individuals, although this estimate requires further validation. The population in China has been estimated at c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and < c.50 wintering individuals (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is difficult to determine as some populations are increasing and others decreasing, and populations are subject to considerable fluctuations (del Hoyo et al. 2007).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria V Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Egypt V Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel V Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan V Extant
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon V Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg V Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco V Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal V Extant
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Lithuania Zuvintas Biosphere Reserve
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Lithuania Metelys, Dusia & Obelija lakes
Lithuania Zaltytis
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Pape
Sweden Lake Dättern
Sweden Lake Tåkern
Sweden Bay of Rynninge
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Sweden Lake Hjälstaviken
Sweden Lake Tämnaren
Sweden Sandemar
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Ostrówek and Smogulec ponds
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Poland Tysmienica river valley
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Vistula river mouth
Poland Marshy Valley of the Narew River
Poland Weltyn lakes
Poland Slesin and Wystep ponds
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Poland Rozwarowo Marshes
Poland Swidwie lake
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Slowinski National Park
Poland Luknajno lake
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Alyki lagoon, Aigio
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Finland Ruissalo
Finland Mietoistenlahti bay
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais
France Brenne centrale
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Estuaire de la Charente
France Marais arrières littoraux picards
France Marais de Mazerolles-Petit Mars
United Kingdom Benfleet and Southend Marshes
United Kingdom Dungeness To Pett Levels
United Kingdom Firth of Tay and Eden Estuary
United Kingdom Humber Estuary
United Kingdom Leighton Moss
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast
United Kingdom Minsmere - Walberswick
United Kingdom Broadland
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast
United Kingdom Stodmarsh
United Kingdom Stour and Orwell Estuaries
United Kingdom Thames Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom The Swale
United Kingdom Benacre to Easton Bavents
Italy Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Czechia Zehunský rybník pond
Czechia Hermansky stav-Odra-Poolsi wetlands
Serbia Jegricka
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje
Serbia Slano Kopovo
Serbia Carska bara
Slovakia Senné
Czechia Lednicke rybniky ponds (Lednice fish-ponds)
Armenia Armash fish-farm
Austria Neusiedler See
Germany Federseeried
Germany Peitzer und Bärenbrücker Teiche
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Herbsleben ponds
Germany Plothen ponds
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Main valley near Schweinfurt
Germany Ammersee
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Oberes Rhinluch / Havelländisches Luch Nauen-Friesack
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Rieselfelder Münster
Germany Ems valley between Leer and Emden
Germany Lower reaches of River Weser, unembanked area
Germany Ostenholzer Moor and Meissendorfer Teiche
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Dümmer
Germany Fehntjer Tief
Germany Ostfriesische Meere
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Heerter See
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Rietzer See
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Salziger See and Salza valley
Germany Aland-Elbe lowlands
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Croatia Grudnjak fish-ponds
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Khoper river near Il'men' lake
Russia (European) Agrakhanski Bay (North Agrakhan)
Belarus Sporaŭskaje balota
Russia (European) Khanskoye Lake
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre
France Bonne Anse
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
Russia (Central Asian) Tulak lake
Afghanistan Darqad
Afghanistan Imam Sahib
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lavandavil Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Amirkelayeh lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bibishervan and Lake Eymar
Ukraine KardashinskI mires
Austria Delta of the Rhine
Sweden Lake Vendel
Kazakhstan Sarshyganak Lake
United Kingdom Weymouth Wetlands
Croatia Neretva Delta
Croatia Podunavlje and Lower Podravlje
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Sewage pond Ida near Othfresen
Germany Einswarder Plate / Tegeler Plate
Germany Schlei
Germany Selenter See
Germany Selent-Plön fishponds
Germany Oldenburger Graben and Wesseker See
Germany Pinneberg Elbe lowlands
Germany Eastern part of Kiel Bight
Germany Kühren Teich and Lanker See
Germany Gotteskoogsee
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Kudensee
Poland Tuchola Forest
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Poland Notec river flood-plain
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Samica Valley
Poland Mala Welna River Valley
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Przemków ponds
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Podedworze Reservoir
Poland Mosty-Zahajki Site
Poland Por River Valley
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Upper Odra River Valley
Poland Lower Skawa River Valley
Poland Widawa and Olesnica River Valley
Poland Irrigation Fields in Wroclaw
Poland Sredzka Struga and Maskawa River Valley
Belarus Braslav lakes
Kazakhstan Batpakkol lake
Norway Øra
Estonia Luitemaa
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Kazakhstan Shoshkakol Lakes
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 3050 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Panurus biarmicus. Downloaded from on 18/09/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 18/09/2020.