Bean Goose Anser fabalis

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 20,500,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 36,800,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 11.4 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated at 680,000-800,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 134,000-144,000 pairs, which equates to 268,000-288,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall trend is decreasing, although the west and central Siberian/north-east and south-west European population is reported to be stable (BirdLife International 2015, Wetlands International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania extant native yes
Algeria extant vagrant
Austria extant native yes yes
Bangladesh extant vagrant
Belarus extant native yes
Belgium extant native yes yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina extant native
Bulgaria extant native yes
Canada extant vagrant
China (mainland) extant native
Croatia extant native yes
Czechia extant native yes yes
Denmark extant native yes yes
Egypt extant vagrant
Finland extant native yes yes
France extant native yes yes
Germany extant native yes yes
Greece extant native yes
Hong Kong (China) extant vagrant
Hungary extant native yes yes
Iceland extant vagrant
India extant vagrant
Iran, Islamic Republic of extant native yes
Ireland extant vagrant yes
Italy extant native yes
Japan extant native
Kazakhstan extant native
Kyrgyzstan extant vagrant
Latvia extant native yes yes
Lebanon extant vagrant yes
Liechtenstein extant native
Lithuania extant native yes yes
Luxembourg extant native yes
Mali extant vagrant
Malta extant vagrant
Mexico extant vagrant
Mongolia extant native yes
Montenegro extant native yes
Morocco extant vagrant
Myanmar extant vagrant
Nepal extant vagrant
Netherlands extant native yes
North Korea extant native yes
North Macedonia extant native yes
Norway extant native yes yes
Poland extant native yes yes
Portugal extant vagrant
Romania extant native yes
Russia extant native yes yes
Russia (Asian) extant native yes
Russia (Central Asian) extant native yes yes
Russia (European) extant native yes yes
Serbia extant native yes
Slovakia extant native yes yes
Slovenia extant native yes
South Korea extant native
Spain extant native yes
Sweden extant native yes yes
Switzerland extant native yes
Taiwan, China extant native
Tajikistan extant native
Turkey extant native yes
Ukraine extant native yes yes
United Kingdom extant native yes
USA extant vagrant
Uzbekistan extant native yes yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Belarus Cikiny astravy
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belgium Polderkomplex
Belgium Schorren en Polder van de Beneden-Schelde
China (mainland) Anqing wetlands (Caizi Hu, Wuchang Hu and other lakes)
China (mainland) Dongting Hu wetlands
China (mainland) Ebi Nur and Kuytun River
China (mainland) Mengjin Huanghe Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Niuxintaobao
China (mainland) Sanjiang Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Shuangtai (Shuangtaizi) Estuary and Inner Gulf of Liaodong
China (mainland) Suyahu Wetland Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Xingkai Hu Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Yellow River Delta Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Zhengzhou Huanghe Wetland Nature Reserve
Czechia Nechranice water reservoir
Czechia Nove Mlyny middle reservoir
Denmark Hanstholm Reservation
Denmark Nørreådalen
Denmark Ovesø
Denmark Tjele Langsø
Estonia Central Part of the Gulf of Finland
Estonia Parika
Estonia Põhja-Liivimaa
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste
Estonia Vooremaa
Finland Alajoki
Finland Lålby fields
Finland Lapväärti wetlands
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Sundominlahti Bay and Söderfjärden
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat
Germany Aland-Elbe lowlands
Germany Alte Oder
Germany Breeser See
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Germany Conventer See
Germany Deichvorland Oderbruch
Germany Dollart
Germany Dosse-Jäglitz lowlands
Germany Drömling (Sachsen-Anhalt)
Germany Dümmer
Germany Eastern shore of Lake Müritz, Grosser Schwerin and Steinhorn
Germany Elbaue Mühlberg
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Elbe lowlands Jerichow
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Elbe valley of Mecklenburg
Germany Ems valley between Leer and Emden
Germany Eschebrügger Wösten
Germany Feldmark Gartz / Gartzer Bruch
Germany Fiener Bruch
Germany Gandersum/Lange Maar
Germany Gransee / Zehdenick / Schnelle Havel
Germany Greifswalder Bodden
Germany Groß Fullener Moor
Germany Großer and Kleiner Jasmunder Bodden with Schmachter See and Nonnensee
Germany Grünewalder Lauch - Pulsnitzniederung
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Island of Usedom
Germany Kleinringer and Großringer Wösten
Germany Lake region Kyritz
Germany Lakes of Schwerin, Dambeck and Warin
Germany Landgraben and Dumme lowlands
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany Lausitz mining areas
Germany Leine valley near Salzderhelden
Germany Lewitz
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Lower reaches of river Warnow
Germany Lower reaches of River Weser, unembanked area
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Lowlands of River Ems near Lathen
Germany Luchgebiet Spaatz-Hohennauen-Witzke
Germany Lucie and Landwehr
Germany Luckauer Becken
Germany Malxe lowlands / Lakomaer Teiche
Germany Märkische Schweiz
Germany Mecklenburgische Schweiz
Germany Middle Elbe valley with Steckby-Lödderitz forest
Germany Milde lowlands/Altmark
Germany Mildenitz Seen, Gägelower See, Uphaler See
Germany Mönchsee
Germany Nossentiner-/Schwinzer Heide with Krakower Obersee and Plauer See
Germany Nuthe - Nieplitz lowlands
Germany Oberes Rhinluch / Havelländisches Luch Nauen-Friesack
Germany Oberlausitz heathland and fishponds biosphere reserve
Germany Oder lowlands Lebus-Ratzdorf
Germany Oderbruch
Germany Parumer See, Sumpfsee, Inselsee
Germany Peenetal (Peenetalmoor and Anklamer Stadtbruch)
Germany Peitzer und Bärenbrücker Teiche
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Pressel wooded heath and mire
Germany Putzarer See, Galenbecker See, Brohmer Berge
Germany Randow-Welse-Bruch / Uckermärkische Agrarlandschaft
Germany Rangsdorfer See lowlands / Prierowsee
Germany Recknitz and Trebel valley
Germany Rheiderland
Germany Rhine flats Altlußheim-Mannheim
Germany Rhine flats between mouth of Rench and mouth of Murg
Germany Rhine flats Kehl-Helmlingen
Germany Rhine flats Neuenburg - Breisach
Germany Rietzer See
Germany Salziger See and Salza valley
Germany Schaalsee
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Southern Tollense basin
Germany Stepenitz-Maurine-Radegast
Germany Surroundings of Dassower See
Germany Torgelower See and Varchentiner See
Germany Traveförde and Dassower See
Germany Uckertal / Unteruckersee
Germany Ueckermünder Heide
Germany Unteres Rhinluch-Dreetzer See / Havelländisches Luch / Belziger Landschaftswiesen
Germany Upper and middle reaches of river Warnow with Göwe and Mildenitz
Germany Usedom lagoon (Peenestrom, Achterwasser, Kleines Haff with Neuwarper See)
Germany Valley of River Ems
Germany Weser valley near Stolzenau and Landesbergen
Germany Weserstaustufe Schlüsselburg
Germany Western shore of Lake Müritz
Germany Wesuwer Brook
Germany Wismar bay and Salzhaff
Germany Wulfener Bruch and Teichgebiet Osternienburg
Germany Zerbster Land
Hungary Béda–Karapancsa
Hungary Gemenc
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Hungary Lake Balaton
Hungary Lake Fertő
Hungary Lake Kis-Balaton
Hungary Nagy-berek of Fonyód
Hungary Öreg Lake of Tata
Hungary Sárvíz Valley
Hungary Sumony Fishpond
Hungary Velence Lake–Dinnyés Lake
Japan Ezogadate reservoir
Japan Hachirogata
Japan Kyu-Osatsunuma
Japan Lake Fukushimagata
Japan Lake Furen, On-netou
Japan Lake Kejonuma
Japan Lake Utonai, Yufutu plain
Japan Lakes Asahiike and Unoike
Japan Lower Tokachi river
Japan Mawarizeki and Sunazawa reservoir
Japan Middle Ishikari River basin
Japan Notsuke, Odaitou
Japan Otomonuma reservoir
Japan Sarobetsu marsh
Latvia Augstroze
Latvia Cena bog
Latvia Dunika bog
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Gauja national park
Latvia Kemeri national park
Latvia Lake Lielauce
Latvia Pape
Latvia Seda marsh
Latvia Svete lower reaches
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Latvia Uzava lowland
Latvia Ziemelu bogs
Lithuania Flooded meadows arround the Senoji & Naujoji Rusne lakes
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Lithuania Pravirsulio Tyrelis State Nature Reserve
Lithuania Zuvintas Biosphere Reserve
Mongolia Delta of Orkhon and Selenge Rivers
Mongolia Mongol Daguur
Mongolia Selengiin Tsagaan Lake
Mongolia Valleys of Khurkh-Khuiten Rivers
Netherlands Bargerveen
Netherlands Dwingelderveld
Netherlands Engbertsdijksvenen
Netherlands Fochteloërveen
Netherlands Groote Peel
Netherlands Lake IJsselmeer
Netherlands Slagharen - de Krim
Netherlands Wadden Sea
Netherlands Westerwolde
North Korea Chongchon River estuary (including Mundok Nature Reserve)
North Korea Daedong Bay
North Korea Kumya Bay
North Korea Ongjin Bay
North Korea Orangchon River estuary
Norway Sirbma fields
Poland Barycz river valley
Poland Druzno lake
Poland Jeziorsko reservoir
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Mala Welna River Valley
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Middle Odra River Valley
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Mietkow reservoir
Poland Notec Forest
Poland Nysa reservoir
Poland Otmuchów reservoir
Poland Przemków ponds
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Samica Valley
Poland Stobrawa Watershed
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Warta River Mouth
Poland Weltyn lakes
Poland Widawa and Olesnica River Valley
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Russia (Asian) Amur river mouth
Russia (Asian) Bolon' lake
Russia (Asian) Forty islands
Russia (Asian) Gusikha river basin and lower Balakhnya river
Russia (Asian) Kanchalan river basin
Russia (Asian) Keremesit-Sundrun watershed
Russia (Asian) Kharchinskoye lake
Russia (Asian) Korfa Gulf (northern part)
Russia (Asian) Kuril islands (between Urup and Paramushir)
Russia (Asian) Lopatka Peninsula and First Kuril Strait
Russia (Asian) Lowland swamps in the valley of Tungur and Nenyuga rivers
Russia (Asian) Makovetskoye lake
Russia (Asian) Malakchan bay
Russia (Asian) Malamvayam lagoon
Russia (Asian) Manily lakes
Russia (Asian) Moroshechnaya River
Russia (Asian) Nevskoye Lake
Russia (Asian) North-east Sakhalin lagoons
Russia (Asian) Parapol'skiy valley
Russia (Asian) San-Yuryakh
Russia (Asian) Sayanski canyon of the Enisey river
Russia (Asian) Tyk and Viakhtu bays
Russia (Asian) Utkholok river
Russia (Asian) Zhupanovskiy lagoon
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye
Russia (Central Asian) Inder'
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Ob'
Russia (Central Asian) Shestakovskie of a bog 2
Russia (Central Asian) Shestakovskiye marshes
Russia (Central Asian) Taezhno-Mikhaylovsky
Russia (Central Asian) Ubinskoye Lake
Russia (European) Bylinskaya
Russia (European) Cheremshanski Bay of Kuybyshev Reservoir
Russia (European) Delta of River Severnaya Dvina
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Algashka river (Kirsko-Algashinskaya)
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Iput' river in vicinity of Kholevichami
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Iput' river in vicinity of Krutoyar
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Kostroma river
Russia (European) Floodplain of Cheptsa river
Russia (European) Issinski
Russia (European) Kargopol' area
Russia (European) Khaypudyrskaya Bay (Islands of B. Zelenets, Dolgi, Matveyev)
Russia (European) Kuloy river
Russia (European) Kurgalski Peninsula
Russia (European) Lake Lacha
Russia (European) Manturovo left bank of the Unzha river
Russia (European) Moksha flood-plain in vicinity of Krasnoslobodsk
Russia (European) Olonets plain
Russia (European) Petrocrepost' Bay
Russia (European) Pinezhski meadow
Russia (European) River Chernaya
Russia (European) Russki Zavorot Peninsula and eastern part of Malozemelskaya Tundra
Russia (European) Sources of the River Luga
Russia (European) Southern coast of the Neva bay
Russia (European) Sura environs
Russia (European) Unskaya bay
Russia (European) Vashutkiny, Padimeyskiye and Kharbeyskiye lakes
Russia (European) Vaygach island
Russia (European) Vorono-Khoperski area
Russia (European) Watershed of Kazanka and Shoshma rivers
Russia (European) Zavoronezhski area
South Korea Cheolwon basin
South Korea Cheonsu Bay
South Korea Gangjin Bay
South Korea Geum-gang river and estuary
South Korea Gocheonam-ho lake
South Korea Gumi Haepyeong
South Korea Han-gang estuary
South Korea Junam reservoir
South Korea Nakdong-gang estuary
South Korea Upo swamp
Sweden Archipelago and coastline of North-East Scania
Sweden Bay of Svensksund
Sweden Lake Åsnen
Sweden Lake Hallbo
Sweden Lake Hjälstaviken
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Sweden Lake Kvismaren
Sweden Lake Östen
Sweden Lake Persöfjärden
Sweden Lake Tåkern
Sweden Lake Tämnaren
Sweden Lake Tysslingen
Sweden Lake Vendel
Sweden Ledskär – Bay of Karlholm
Sweden Lundåkra Bight
Sweden River Helge
Sweden River Ume Delta and Plains
Ukraine Bodakivs'ke marsh
Ukraine Latorytsya river valley near Chop
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
United Kingdom Slamannan Plateau

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land major non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Grassland Tundra suitable breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Tundra Wetlands (incl. pools and temporary waters from snowmelt) major breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Unlikely to Return Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Past Impact
Species disturbance, Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - - non-trivial recent
Food - human - - non-trivial recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - international non-trivial recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - international non-trivial recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - - non-trivial recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Anser fabalis. Downloaded from on 30/05/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 30/05/2023.