Barrow's Goldeneye Bucephala islandica


Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., Şekercioğlu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261.

BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Canadian Wildlife Service Waterfowl Committee. 2020. Population Status of Migratory Game Birds in Canada. November 2019. CWS Migratory Birds Regulatory Report Number 52.

Crewe, T., Barry, K., Davidson, P., and Lepage, D. 2012. Coastal waterbird population trends in the Strait of Georgia 1999–2011: Results from the first 12 years of the British Columbia Coastal Waterbird Survey. British Columbia Birds 22: 8-35.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Eadie, J. M., Savard, J. L., and Mallory, M. L. 2020. Barrow's Goldeneye (Bucephala islandica), version 1.0. In: A. F. Poole and F. B. Gill (eds), Birds of the World , Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Eadie, J. M.; Savard, J.-P.L.; Mallory, M.L. 2000. Barrow's Goldeneye (Bucephala islandica), version 2.0. Ithaca, NY

Einarsson, Á. and Magnúsdóttir, M.L. 1993. The effect of sediment dredging on the distribution of diving ducks at Lake Myvatn, Iceland. Biological Conservation 66(1): 55-60.

Environment Canada. 2013. Management Plan for the Barrow’s Goldeneye (Bucephala islandica), Eastern Population, in Canada. Species at Risk Act Management Plan Series. Environment Canada, Ottawa.

Ethier, D. M., Davidson, P. J. A., Sorenson, G., Jardine, C., Lepage, D., Barry, K., Devitt, K., and Bradley, D. W. 2020. In prep. Twenty years of coastal waterbird trends suggest regional patterns of environmental pressure in British Columbia, Canada.

IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available at: (Accessed: 10 December 2020).

Kear, J. 2005. Ducks, geese and swans volume 2: species accounts (Cairina to Mergus). Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.

Kolbeinsson, Y., Einarsson, Á., Garðarsson, A., Snæþórsson, A. Ö, and Þórarinsson, P. L. 2019. ÁSTAND FUGLASTOFNA Í ÞINGEYJARSÝSLUM ÁRIÐ 2018.

Partners in Flight. 2019. Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2019. Available at:

Pearce, J. M., Eadie, J. M., Savard, J-P. L., Christensen, T. K., Berdeen, J., Taylor, E. J., Boyd, S., Einarsson, A., and Talbot, S. L. 2014. Comparative population structure of cavity-nesting sea ducks. The Auk: Ornithological Advances 131: 195–207.

Robert, M., Vaillancourt, M.-A. and Drapeau, P. 2010. Characteristics of nest cavities of Barrow’s Goldeneyes in eastern Canada. Journal of Field Ornithology 81(3): 287-293.

Sauer, J.R.; Niven, D.K.; Hines, J.E.; Ziolkowski Jr, D.J.; Pardieck, K.L.; Fallon, J.E.; Link, W.A. 2017. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966 - 2015. Version 12.23.2015. Laurel, MD

Tucker, G.M.; Heath, M.F. 1994. Birds in Europe: Their Conservation Status. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Wetlands International. 2018. Waterbird Population Estimates. Available at: (Accessed: Wednesday 15 Aug 2018).

Further resources

IUCN SSC Duck Specialist Group

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Bucephala islandica. Downloaded from on 11/08/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 11/08/2022.