LC
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,700,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 889,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 10.5 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated at c. 880,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 196,000-247,000 pairs, which equates to 392,000-494,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall trend is suspected to be increasing (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is increasing (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Algeria V Extant
Austria V Extant Yes
Belarus V Extant
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bulgaria V Extant Yes
Canada V Extant
Czechia V Extant
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Egypt V Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Hungary V Extant Yes
Iceland N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Italy V Extant
Latvia N Extant Yes Yes
Montenegro V Extant
Morocco V Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal V Extant
Romania V Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Central Asian) V Extant
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Serbia V Extant
Slovakia V Extant
Slovenia V Extant
Spain V Extant Yes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland V Extant
Tunisia V Extant
Turkey V Extant
United Kingdom N Extant Yes Yes
USA V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Greenland (to Denmark) Liverpool Land coast and mouth of Scoresby Sund
Greenland (to Denmark) Heden
Greenland (to Denmark) Kjoveland
Greenland (to Denmark) Enhjørningens Dal and Pingel Dal
Greenland (to Denmark) Ørsted Dal and Coloradodal
Greenland (to Denmark) Hochstetter Forland
Greenland (to Denmark) Stordal-Moskusoksefjord-Badlanddal-Loch Fyne-Myggbukta
Greenland (to Denmark) Østersletten and Knudshoved, Hold With Hope
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Estonia Matsalu Bay
Estonia Hullo and Sviby bays
Estonia Haapsalu-Noarootsi bays
Estonia Suur Väin strait
Estonia Käina bay
Estonia Hiiumaa islets
Estonia Vanamõisa bay
Estonia Hari Kurk strait
Estonia Kõrgessaare-Mudaste coast
Estonia Kihnu strait
Estonia Audru polder
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Väike Väin strait
Estonia Abruka island
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Kahtla-Kübassaare coast
Estonia Sõrve peninsula
Estonia Lõu bay
Estonia Riksu coast
Estonia Karala-Pilguse
Estonia Küdema bay
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Estonia Tagamõisa peninsula
Iceland Hóp-Vatnsdalur
Iceland Hestgerdislón-Hornafjardarfljót
Ireland Stabannan-Braganstown
Ireland Blasket Islands
Ireland Magharee Islands, Mucklaghmore and Illaunbarnagh
Ireland Mid Clare Coast including Mutton and Mattle Islands
Ireland High Island
Ireland Inishbofin and Inishshark (including Davillaun)
Ireland Duvillaun Islands
Ireland Inishkea Islands
Ireland Illaunmaistir (Oilean Maistir)
Ireland Drumcliff Bay and Ballintemple
Ireland Inishduff
Ireland Rathlin O'Birne
Ireland Sheskinmore Lough
Ireland Trawbreaga Bay
Ireland Inishmurray
Ireland Inishtrahull
Ireland Inishbofin, Inisdooey and Inisbeg
Ireland Inishkeeragh and Illancrone
Ireland Inishglora and Inishkeeragh
Ireland Ardboline Island and Horse Island
Ireland Dunfanaghy New Lake
Ireland Illaunonearaun
Ireland Broadhaven, Blacksod and Tullaghan Bays and parts of the Mullet peninsula
Ireland Inishkeel
Ireland Connemara Islands
Ireland Inishsirrer, Inishmeane, Gola and Owey Islands
Belgium Zwin
Belgium IJzervallei-De Blankaart
Sweden Lake Östen
Sweden Coastal area of Eastern Gotland
Sweden Falsterbo – Bay of Fote
Sweden Archipelago and coastline of North-East Scania
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Sweden Lake Hjälstaviken
Sweden Ledskär – Bay of Karlholm
Sweden Bay of Svensksund
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Netherlands Wadden Sea
Netherlands Duinen Schiermonnikoog
Netherlands Frisian Wadden Sea coast
Netherlands Lauwersmeer
Netherlands Groningen Wadden Sea coast
Netherlands Haringvliet
Netherlands Grevelingen
Netherlands Veerse Meer
Netherlands Groote Wielen
Netherlands Alde Feanen
Netherlands Deelen
Netherlands Lake Sneekermeer and Goingarijp
Netherlands Terkaplesterpoelen and Akmarijp
Netherlands Witte en Zwarte Brekken
Netherlands Lake Fluessen, Vogelhoek and Morra
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen
Netherlands Biesbosch
Netherlands Oudeland van Strijen
Netherlands Dollard
Netherlands Duinen Goeree & Kwade Hoek
Netherlands Hollands Diep
Netherlands Krammer-Volkerak
Netherlands Oosterschelde
Netherlands Makkumer-and Kooiwaard
Netherlands Leekstermeergebied
Netherlands Van Oordt's Mersken
Finland Korppoo and Nauvo southern archipelago
Finland Oura and Enskeri archipelagos
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Kirkkonummi archipelago
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Finland Pernaja outer archipelago
Finland Lake Pihlajavesi
Finland Keski-Kallavesi and Kuhanen Lake
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Lålby fields
Finland Kristiinankaupunki southern archipelago
Russia (European) Delta of River Severnaya Dvina
Russia (European) Olonets plain
Russia (European) Rakovye lakes
Russia (European) Solovetski Archipelago and Zjizjginski island
Russia (European) Kanin peninsula (watershed of Yazhma and Nyes' rivers)
Russia (European) Vaygach island
Russia (European) Torna-Shoina watershed
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Berezoviye islands of Vyborg Bay
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Vallée de la Loire: Pit majeur d'Iguerande à Décize
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Domaine d'Orx
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Estuaires du Trieux et du Jaudy
France Baie de Vilaine
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France Plaine du Forez
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
Iceland Svarfadardalur
United Kingdom Avon Valley
United Kingdom Breckland
United Kingdom Bridgend Flats, Islay
United Kingdom Caithness Lochs
United Kingdom Cameron Reservoir
United Kingdom Castle Loch, Lochmaben
United Kingdom Chesil Beach and the Fleet
United Kingdom Chichester and Langstone Harbours
United Kingdom Dyfi Estuary/Aber Dyfi
United Kingdom Lower Derwent Valley
United Kingdom Duddon Estuary
United Kingdom Eden Estuary, Tentsmuir Point and Abertay Sands
United Kingdom Eilean na Muice Duibh, Islay
United Kingdom Firth of Forth
United Kingdom Gladhouse Reservoir
United Kingdom Hamford Water
United Kingdom Hornsea Mere
United Kingdom Din Moss and Hoselaw Loch
United Kingdom Humber Estuary
United Kingdom Inner Clyde
United Kingdom Laggan Peninsula
United Kingdom Lindisfarne
United Kingdom Gruinart Flats
United Kingdom Loch Ken and Dee Marshes
United Kingdom Loch Leven
United Kingdom Loch of Isbister
United Kingdom Loch of Kinnordy
United Kingdom Loch of Skene
United Kingdom Loch of Strathbeg
United Kingdom Lochs of Spiggie and Brow
United Kingdom Lough Foyle and River Foyle
United Kingdom Martin Mere
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast
United Kingdom Mill Dam, Shapinsay
United Kingdom Monach Islands
United Kingdom Montrose Basin
United Kingdom Moray Basin, Firths and Bays
United Kingdom Morecambe Bay
United Kingdom Broadland
United Kingdom North Colonsay and Western Cliffs
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast
United Kingdom North Rona and Sula Sgeir
United Kingdom North Uist Machair and Islands
United Kingdom Northumbria Coast
United Kingdom Alde - Ore Estuary
United Kingdom Ouse Washes
United Kingdom Poole Harbour
United Kingdom Priest Island
United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries
United Kingdom Rinns of Islay
United Kingdom Severn Estuary
United Kingdom Shiant Isles
United Kingdom South Tayside Goose Roosts
United Kingdom South-west London Waterbodies
United Kingdom Solent Marshes and Southampton Water
United Kingdom Stour and Orwell Estuaries
United Kingdom Strangford Lough and islands
United Kingdom Taw and Torridge Estuary
United Kingdom Thanet Coast and Sandwich Bay
United Kingdom The Swale
United Kingdom Tiree and Coll
United Kingdom Treshnish Isles
United Kingdom Upper Lough Erne
United Kingdom Upper Solway Flats and Marshes
United Kingdom Eoligarry, Barra
United Kingdom Westwater Reservoir
United Kingdom Wigtown Bay
United Kingdom Ythan Estuary, Sands of Forvie and Meikle Loch
United Kingdom North Sutherland Coastal Islands
United Kingdom Eilean nan Ron
United Kingdom South Walls and Switha
United Kingdom Suffolk Sandlings
United Kingdom Breydon Water
Greenland (to Denmark) South coast of Germania Land, and Slaedelandet
Greenland (to Denmark) Western part of Germania land
Sweden Coastal area (including seaside meadows) of Eastern Öland
Denmark Saltholm
Denmark Vadehavet (Wadden Sea)
Denmark Nissum Fjord
Denmark Harboøre Tange, Plet Enge & Gjeller Sø
Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord
Denmark Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø
Denmark Bøtø Nor
Denmark Stadil Fjord and Veststadil Fjord
Denmark Ballum og Husum Enge, Kamper strandenge
Sweden Ottenby
Norway Vega archipelago
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Bjørnøya (Bear Island)
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Northwest Spitsbergen National Park
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Inner parts of Kongsfjorden
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Forlandet National Park
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) South Spitsbergen National Park
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Daudmannsøyra
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Nordenskiöldkysten
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Southeast Svalbard Nature Reserve
Germany Westrügen - Hiddensee - Zingst
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Rheinaue Bingen-Ingelheim
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Rheiderland
Germany Ems valley between Leer and Emden
Germany Terborg
Germany Lower reaches of River Weser, embanked area
Germany Norden-Esens, inland
Germany Kleinringer and Großringer Wösten
Germany Jadebusen, inland
Germany Butjadingen
Germany Wittmund-Wangerland
Germany Krummhörn-Westermarsch
Germany Hamme lowlands
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Wümmewiesen near Fischerhude
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Gandersum/Lange Maar
Germany Pinneberg Elbe lowlands
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Alluvion of the middle Horloff
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Ireland Malin Head
Germany Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park
Estonia Haldi coast
Estonia Irbe strait
Estonia Pärnu bay and Kihnu strait
Latvia Irbe strait
Russia (European) Seskar island
Russia (European) Kurgalski Peninsula
Estonia Pärnu bay (NEW)
Estonia Sutu bay
Estonia Kahtla-Kübassaare
Estonia Väinameri
Russia (European) Unskaya bay
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Baie de Saint-Brieuc
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Blois
France Vallée de la Meuse
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Cap Gris-nez
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France La Dombes
France Iles du Haut-Rhône
Norway Tenna & Herøy
Netherlands Markiezaat
Netherlands Markermeer & IJmeer
Sweden Bay of Rynninge
United Kingdom Coll
Sweden Lake Tåkern
Sweden Fjord of Båta
Sweden Lomma Bight
Sweden River Helge
Sweden Kalmar – Pataholm
Sweden Lake Vendel
Sweden Galtö – Älgö
Sweden Bay of Strandstugu
Sweden Stornäset – Hörningsholm
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Lower Vistula River Valley
Poland Pasleka river valley
Poland Insko Site
United Kingdom Uists Machairs, Lochs and Coast
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Drawa River Site
Netherlands Lake Oudegaasterbrekken
Netherlands Donkse Laagten
Finland Krunnit archipelago
Finland Kokkola and Kälviä archipelago
Finland Uusikaarlepyy archipelago
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Lapväärti wetlands
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Hollola wetlands
Finland Itäinen Suomenlahti National Park
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Teutjärvi and Suvijärvi lakes
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Porvoo outer archipelago
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Mietoistenlahti bay
Finland Eckerö and Hammarland archipelago
Netherlands Waal: Ewijk - Waardenburg
Germany Hattstedt marshes
Germany Hauke-Haien Koog
Netherlands Lake IJsselmeer
Russia (European) Kolguev island
Denmark Parts of Randers and Mariager Fjords
Germany Dollart
Germany Geeste lowlands near Bramel
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Greifswalder Bodden
Germany Warder See
Germany Grosser Plöner See
Germany Ostfriesische Meere
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Landgraben and Dumme lowlands
Germany Groß Fullener Moor
Germany Engerhafer Meede
Germany Wismar bay and Salzhaff
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Germany Rysumer Nacken
Germany Dosse-Jäglitz lowlands
Ireland Roaninish
Ireland Lough Gill
Ireland Cruagh Island
Ireland Clew Bay
United Kingdom Colonsay and Oronsay
United Kingdom Eilean Hoan
Denmark Fanø
Denmark Mandø
Denmark Marstal Bugt and the coast of south-west Langeland
Denmark Rømø
Denmark Skallingen and Langli
Denmark Sydfynske Ø-hav
Denmark Vestamager and adjacent sea area
Denmark Islands and coast between Skælskør Fjord and Glænø
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Poland Swidwie Site
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Trzebiatow Site
Poland Puck Bay
Poland Vistula river mouth
Poland Vistula Lagoon
Poland Warta River Mouth
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Samica Valley
Poland Mala Welna River Valley
Poland Middle Odra River Valley
Poland Jeziorsko reservoir
Poland Ner River Valley
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Otmuchów reservoir
Poland Nysa reservoir
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley
Poland Stobrawa Watershed
Poland Satopy-Samulewo Site
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
Norway Langøya
Norway Øksnes
Norway Selvær
Norway Andøya (including Skogvoll)
Norway Nordre Øyeren & Sørumsneset
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Adventdalen & Adventfjorden
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Midterhuken & Eholmen
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Nordre Isfjorden
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Sassen-Bünsow Land
Denmark Karrebæk, Dybsø and Avnø Fjords (coasts and islands)
Denmark Nakskov Fjord and Indrefjord
Denmark Ribe Holme and meadows at Kongeåen
Estonia Lahepera lake
Estonia Peipsi
Estonia Mullutu
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste
Estonia Kunda
Sweden Rödkallen – Söräspen Islands
Netherlands Broekvelden, Vettenbroek & Polder Stein
Netherlands Eilandspolder
Netherlands Wonseradeel & Workum
Netherlands Oudegaasterbrekken, Fluessen e.o.
Netherlands Rijntakken
Netherlands Sneekermeergebied
Netherlands Wormer- en Jisperveld & Kalverpolder
Netherlands Midden Delfland & Oude Leede
Netherlands Oenkerk, Giekerk e.o.
Netherlands Opsterland & Smallingerland
Germany Hamburg Wadden Sea National Park
Sweden Lake Persöfjärden
Sweden Bay of Skälder

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Grassland Tundra major breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline major breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools major breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Other household goods - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Branta leucopsis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2020.