LC
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica



References

BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Brazil, M. 2009. Birds of East Asia: eastern China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, eastern Russia. Christopher Helm, London.

EBCC. 2018. Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme. Available at: https://pecbms.info/.

Hagemeijer, E.J.M.; Blair, M.J. 1997. The EBCC atlas of European breeding birds: their distribution and abundance. T. and A. D. Poyser, London.

IUCN. 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 December 2019).

Sauer, J.R.; Niven, D.K.; Hines, J.E.; Ziolkowski Jr, D.J.; Pardieck, K.L.; Fallon, J.E.; Link, W.A. 2017. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966 - 2015. Version 12.23.2015. Laurel, MD

Snow, D.W.; Perrins, C.M. 1998. The Birds of the Western Palearctic, Volume 2: Passerines. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Tucker, G.M.; Heath, M.F. 1994. Birds in Europe: Their Conservation Status. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Turner, A. and Christie, D.A. 2012. Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Turner, A.; Rose, C. 1989. Swallows and martins of the world. Christopher Helm, London.

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources
Euro Bird Portal

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Hirundo rustica. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/12/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/12/2019.