Justification of Red List Category
This species was found in Fiji, but it has not been recorded since 1973 and is now Extinct. Predation by introduced cats and mongooses is thought to have been responsible for its decline.
No extant population remains.
Hypotaenidia poeciloptera is known from Fiji, with twelve 19th century specimens from Vitu Levu and Ovalau (Taylor 1998), and reports from Taveuni (Blackburn 1971) in 1971 and Waisa, Vitu Levu, in 1973 (Holyoak 1979). There have been no convincing recent reports from Ovalau or Taveuni which remain mongoose-free and where other rail species were recorded during field surveys and other fieldwork in 2002-2005, and so it seems very likely that H. poeciloptera is extinct (G. Dutson in litt. 2005).
It formerly inhabited the forests of the interior.
Two other (non-endemic) rails have become extinct from the islands due to predation by introduced mongooses and cats, and so it seems very likely that this also caused the extinction of H. poeciloptera (Collar et al. 1994).
Text account compilers
Brooks, T., Khwaja, N., Mahood, S. & Temple, H.
BirdLife International (2018) Species factsheet: Hypotaenidia poeciloptera. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/12/2018. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2018) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/12/2018.