Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Near Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,570,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 5,290,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 11.4 - - -

Trend justification: The population has suffered a severe reduction in numbers owing to over-hunting, unsustainable levels of egg collecting and habitat destruction (del Hoyo et al. 1992).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant Yes
Bhutan N Extant
Canada I Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Guam (to USA) V Extant
India N Extant
Japan V Extant
Kazakhstan N Extant
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Laos V Extant
Micronesia, Federated States of V Extant
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Myanmar N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant
Pakistan N Extant
Palau V Extant
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Spain I Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Thailand N Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant
Vietnam N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Afghanistan Small Pamir
Bangladesh Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna delta
China (mainland) Changtang plateau
China (mainland) Siling Co Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Qinghai Hu (Koko Nor)
China (mainland) Cao Hai Nature Reserve
Myanmar Ayeyarwady River: Singu Section
Myanmar Ayeyarwady River: Bagan Section
Myanmar Ayeyarwady River: Sinbyugyun to Minbu Section
Mongolia Tolbo Lake
Mongolia Khar Us Lake
Mongolia Khar Lake
Mongolia Zavkhan River - Ereen Lake
Mongolia Otgontenger Mountain
Mongolia Darkhad Depression
Mongolia Khovsgol Lake
Mongolia Khovsgoliin Sangiin Dalai Lake
Mongolia Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake
Mongolia Ogii Lake
Pakistan Taunsa Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary
Myanmar Ayeyarwady River: Myitkyina to Sinbo Section
India Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary
India Kaziranga National Park
India Sibsagar Tanks
India Nagi Dam and Nakti Dam Bird Sanctuary
India Pong Dam Lake Wildlife Sanctuary
India Basai wetlands
India Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary
India Tso Morari Lake and adjacent marshes
India Krishnarajasagar Reservoir
India Narasambudhi Lake
India Dihaila Jheel and other wetlands
India Nalabana Bird Sanctuary (Chilika Lake)
India Bardha Dam
India Karaivetti Wildlife Sanctuary
Russia (Central Asian) Plateau Ukok
Russia (Central Asian) Talduair mountain
Mongolia Dayan Lake
Tajikistan Bulunkul and Yashilkul lakes and mountains
Tajikistan Zorkul Nature Reserve (Lake Victoria)
Tajikistan Karakul lake and mountains
Tajikistan Rangkul valley (Rangkul & Shorkul Lakes)
Kyrgyzstan Son-Kul Lake
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Mongolia Zavkhan River - Ereen Lake
China (mainland) Bayanbulak and Kaidu River Valley
Myanmar Nantha Island

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land major non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 5000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Anser indicus. Downloaded from on 08/02/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 08/02/2023.