Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus


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Arcos J.M., Bécares J., Villero D., Brotons L., Rodríguez B. & Ruiz A. 2012b. Assessing the location and stability of foraging hotspots for pelagic seabirds: an approach to identify marine Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Spain. Biological Conservation 156: 32-40.

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Arcos, J. M.; Oro, D. 2002. Significance of fisheries discards for a threatened Mediterranean seabird, the Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 239: 209-220.

Arcos, J.M. (compiler). 2011. International species action plan for the Balearic shearwater, Puffinus mauretanicus. SEO/BirdLife & BirdLife International.

Arcos, J.M. & Oro, D. 2004. Pardela balear, Puffinus mauretanicus. In: Madroño, A., González, C. & Atienza, J.C (ed.), Libro Rojo de las Aves de España, pp. 46-50. Dirección General para la Biodiversidad - SEO/BirdLife, Madrid.

Arcos, J.M., Arroyo, G.M., Bécares, J., Mateos-Rodríguez, M., Rodríguez, B., Muñoz, A.R., Ruiz, A., de la Cruz, A., Cuenca, D., Onrubia, A. & Oro, D. 2012a. New estimates at sea suggest a larger global population of the Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus. In: Yésou, P., Bacceti, N. & Sultana, J. (eds) Ecology and conservation of Mediterranean seabirds and other bird species under the Barcelona Convention. Proceedings of the 13th MEDMARAVIS Pan-Mediterranean Symposium, Alghero (Sardinia). Pp. 84-94..

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Arcos, J.M., Bécares, J., Rodríguez, B. and Ruiz, A. 2009. Áreas Importantes para la Conservación de las Aves marinas en España. LIFE04NAT/ES/000049 . Sociedad Española de Ornitología (SEO/BirdLife), Madrid.

Arcos, J.M., Bécares, J., Rodríguez, B., Ruiz, A. & Oro, D. 2011. How many Balearic shearwaters are out there? Discrepancies between breeding and at sea estimates. Presentation at the 13th MEDMARAVIS Pan-Mediterranean Symposium, Alghero, Sardinia. 14 - 17 October 2011..

Arcos, J.M., Massutí, E., Abelló, P. & Oro, D. 2000. Fish associated with floating drifting objects as a feeding resource for Balearic Shearwaters Puffinus mauretanicus during the breeding season. Ornis Fennica 77: 177-182.

Arroyo, G.M., Mateos-Rodríguez, M., Muñoz, A.R., de la Cruz, A., Cuenca, D. and Onrubia, A. 2014. New population estimates of a critically endangered species, the Balearic Shearwater Pufnus mauretanicus, based on coastal migration counts. Bird Conservation International 26(1): 87-99.

Bartumeus, F., Giuggioli, L., Louzao, M., Bretagnolle, V., Oro, D., Levin, S. 2010. Fishery discards distort seabird search patterns. Current Biology 20: 215-222.

Bonnin, A. 2016. Trophic ecology of two predators from the Bay of Biscay: the Albacore and the Balearic shearwater. Master thesis. Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour, France.

García-Barcelona, S.; Ortiz de Urbina, J. M.; de la Serna, J. M.; Alot, E.; Macias, D. 2010. Seabird bycatch in Spanish Mediterranean large pelagic longline fisheries, 2000-2008. Aquatic Living Resources 23: 363–371.

Genovart, M., Arcos, J.M., Álvarez, D., McMinn, M., Meier, R., Wynn, R., Guilford, T. & Oro, D. 2016. Demography of the critically endangered Balearic shearwater: the impact of fisheries and time to extinction. Journal of Applied Ecology 53 (4): 1158–1168.

Guilford T., Wynn R., McMinn M., Rodríguez A., Fayet A., Maurice L., Jones A. & Meier R. 2012. Geolocators Reveal Migration and Pre-Breeding Behaviour of the Critically Endangered Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus. PLoS ONE 7(3): e33753.

Jones, H.P.; Tershy, B.R.; Zavaleta, E.S.; Croll, D.A.; Keitt, B.S.; Finkelstein, M.E.; Howald, G.R. 2008. Severity of the effects of invasive rats on seabirds: a global review. Conservation Biology 22(1): 16-26.

Käkelä, R., Käkelä, A., Martínez-Abraín, A.,Sarzo, B., Louzao, M. Gerique, C., Villuendas, E., Strandberg, U., Furness, R.W., Oro, D. 2010. The use of fatty acid signatures to assess bird diet: An application to a globally endangered Mediterranean seabird species. Marine Ecology Progress Series 398: 245–258.

Laneri, K.; Louzao, M.; Martínez-Abraín, A.; Arcos, J.M.; Belda, E.J.; Guallart, J.; Sánchez, A.; Giménez, M.; Maestre, R.; Oro, D. 2010. Trawling regime influences longline seabird bycatch in the Mediterranean: new insights from a small-scale fishery. Marine Ecology Progress Series 420: 241–252.

Le Mao, P. & Yésou, P. 1993. The annual cycle of Balearic Shearwaters and western-Mediterranean Yellow-legged Gulls: some ecological considerations. In Aguilar, J. S., Monbailliu, X. & Paterson, A. M. (Eds.), Status and conservation of seabirds. Proceedings of the 2nd Mediterranean Seabird Symposium: 135-145.

Louzao, M. Arcos, J.M., Guijarro, B., Valls, M. & Oro, D. 2011b. Seabird-trawling interactions: factors affecting species-specific to regional community utilisation of fisheries waste. Fisheries Oceanography 20 (4): 263-277.

Louzao, M., Arcos, J. M., Laneria, K., Beldae, E., Guallartf, J., Sánchez, A., Giménez, M., Maestre, R. and Oro, D. 2011. [Evidence of the incidental capture of the Balearic Shearwater at sea]. Proceedings of the 6 CONGRESS of GIAM and the International workshop on petrels and shearwaters ecology at southern Europe. 34: 165-168.

Louzao, M., Delord, K., García, D., Boué, A. and Weimerskirch, H. 2012. Protecting Persistent Dynamic Oceanographic Features: Transboundary Conservation Efforts Are Needed for the Critically Endangered Balearic Shearwater. PLoS One 7(5): 1-12.

Louzao, M., García, D., Rodríguez, B. & Abelló, P. 2015. Evidence of krill in the diet of balearic shearwaters Puffinus mauretanicus. Marine Ornithology 43: 49-51.

Louzao, M., Hyrenbach, D., Arcos, J.M., Abelló, P., Gil de Sola, L. & Oro, D. 2006a. Oceanographic habitat of a critically endangered Mediterranean Procellariiform: implications for the design of Marine Protected Areas. Ecological Applications 16(5): 1683-1695.

Louzao, M., Navarro, J., Forero, M.G, Igual, J.M., Genovart, M., Hobson, K.A., Oro, D. 2011a. Exploiting the closest productive area: geographical segregation of foraging grounds in a critically endangered seabird. Marine Ecology Progress Series 429: 291–301.

Louzao, M.; Igual, J. M.; McMinn, M.; Aguilar, J. S.; Triay, R.; Oro, D. 2006b. Small pelagic fish, trawling discards and breeding performance of the critically endangered Balearic Shearwater: improving conservation diagnosis. Marine Ecology Progress Series 318: 247-254.

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Meier, R. E. 2015. The at-sea behaviour and ecology of the critically endangered Balearic shearwater. PhD Thesis, University of Southampton, UK.

Meier, R.E., Votier, S. C., Wynn, R. B., Guilford, T., McMinn Grivé, M., Rodríguez, A., Newton, J., Maurice, L., Chouvelon, T., Dessier, A., and Trueman, C. N. Tracking, feather moult and stable isotopes reveal foraging behaviour of a critically endangered seabird during the non-breeding season. Diversity and Distributions in press.

Meier,R.E., Wynn, R.B., Votier, S.C., McMinn Grivé, M., Rodríguez, A., Maurice, L., van Loon, E.E., Jones, A.R., Suberg, L., Arcos, J.M., Morgan, G., Josey, S., Guilford, T. 2015. Consistent foraging areas and commuting corridors of the critically endangered Balearic shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus in the northwestern Mediterranean. Biological Conservation 190: 87-97.

Mouriño J., Arcos F., Salvadores, R., Sandoval A. & Vidal C. 2003. Status of the Balearic shearwater (Puffinus mauretanicus) on the Galician coast (NW Iberian Peninsula). Scientia Marina 67 (2): 135-142.

Navarro, J., Louzao, M., Igual, J.M., Oro, D., Delgado, A., Arcos, J.M., Genovart, M., Hobson, K.A., &Forero, M.G. 2009. Seasonal changes in the diet of a critically endangered seabird and the importance of trawling discards. Marine Biology 156: 2571-2578.

Oliveira N., Henriques A., Miodonski J., Pereira J., Marujo D., Almeida A., Barros N., Andrade J., Marçalo A., Santos J., Oliveira I.B., Ferreira M., Araújo H., Monteiro S., Vingada J. & Ramírez I. 2015. Seabird bycatch in Portuguese mainland coastal fisheries: An assessment through on-board observations and fishermen interviews. Global Ecology and Conservation 3: 51–61.

Oppel S., Meirinho A., Ramírez I., Gardner B., O'Connell A.F., Miller P.I. & Louzao M. 2012. Comparison of five modelling techniques to predict the spatial distribution and abundance of seabirds. Biological Conservation 156: 94-104.

Oro, D., Louzao, M., Forero, M.G., Arcos, J.M., Genovart, M., Juste, J. & Igual, J.M. 2008. Investigaciones aplicadas a la conservación de una especie en peligro de extinción (la Pardela Balear en el Parque Nacional de Cabrera): Requerimientos ecológicos, demografía y dinámica de poblaciones. Proyectos de Investigación en Parques Nacionales: 2003-2006. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Madrid.

Oro, D.; Aguilar, J. S.; Igual, J. M.; Louzao, M. 2004. Modelling demography and extinction risk in the endangered Balearic shearwater. Biological Conservation 116: 93-102.

Palomera, I., Olivar, M. P., Salat, J., Sabatés, A., Coll, M., García, A., and Morales-Nin, B. 2007. Small pelagic fish in the NW Mediterranean Sea: an ecological review.

Pérez-Roda, A. 2015. Identifying Important Atlantic Areas for the conservation of Balearic shearwaters: spatial overlap with conservation areas. Master thesis. University of the Basque Country, Spain.

Ramírez, I.; Geraldes, P.; Meirinho, A.; Amorim, P.; Paiva, V. 2008. Important Bird Areas for seabirds in Portugal. Sociedade Portuguesa Para o Estudo das Aves, Lisbon.

Rodríguez, A., García, D., Rodríguez, B., Cardona, E., Parpal, L. and Pons, P. 2015. Artificial lights and seabirds: is light pollution a threat for the threatened Balearic petrels? Journal of Ornithology DOI: 10.1007/s10336-015-1232-3.

Ruiz, A.; Martí, R. 2004. La Pardelar balear. SEO/BirdLife, Madrid.

SEO/BirdLife and SPEA. 2013. Species Guardian - Balearic Shearwater Final Report. Preventing Extinctions Programme. BirdLife International.

Tan, L. 2016. Foraging and breeding behaviours and their relationships with breeding performance in a pelagic seabird. Master Thesis, University of the Basque Country, Spain.

Tarzia, M.; Arcos, P.; Cama, A.; Cortés, V.; Crawford, R.; Morkūnas, J.; Oppel, S.; Rau-donikas, L.; Tobella, C.; Yates, O. 2017. Seabird Task Force: 2014-2017. Technical report. Available at

Wynn, R. B.; Josey, S. A.; Martin, A. P.; Johns, D. G.; Yésou, P. 2007. Climate-driven range expansion of a critically endangered top predator in northeast Atlantic waters. Biology Letters 3(5): 529-532.

Wynn, R. B.; McMinn-Grivé, M.; Rodriguez-Molina, A. 2010. The predation of Balearic Shearwaters by Peregrine Falcons. British Birds 103(6): 350-353.

Yesou, P. 2003. Recent changes in the summer distribution of Balearic Shearwaters (Puffinus mauretanicus) off western France. Scientia Marina 67: 143-148.

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

European Union Species Action Plan

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Species Guardian Action Update

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Puffinus mauretanicus. Downloaded from on 05/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 05/12/2022.