Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus


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Aguilar, J. S. 1999. Species Action Plan for the Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus in Europe.

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Arcos, J. M.; Oro, D. 2002. Significance of fisheries discards for a threatened Mediterranean seabird, the Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 239: 209-220.

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Arcos, J.M. & Oro, D. 2004. Pardela balear, Puffinus mauretanicus. In: Madroño, A., González, C. & Atienza, J.C (ed.), Libro Rojo de las Aves de España, pp. 46-50. Dirección General para la Biodiversidad - SEO/BirdLife, Madrid.

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Arcos, J.M., Massutí, E., Abelló, P. & Oro, D. 2000. Fish associated with floating drifting objects as a feeding resource for Balearic Shearwaters Puffinus mauretanicus during the breeding season. Ornis Fennica 77: 177-182.

Arroyo, G.M., Mateos-Rodríguez, M., Muñoz, A.R., de la Cruz, A., Cuenca, D. and Onrubia, A. 2014. New population estimates of a critically endangered species, the Balearic Shearwater Puf?nus mauretanicus, based on coastal migration counts. Bird Conservation International 26(1): 87-99.

Bartumeus, F., Giuggioli, L., Louzao, M., Bretagnolle, V., Oro, D., Levin, S. 2010. Fishery discards distort seabird search patterns. Current Biology 20: 215-222.

Bonnin, A. 2016. Trophic ecology of two predators from the Bay of Biscay: the Albacore and the Balearic shearwater. Master thesis. Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour, France.

Boue, A., Louzao, M., Arcos, J.M., Delord, K., Weimerskirch, H., Cortes, V., Barros, N., Guilford, T., Arroyo, G.M., Oro, D., Andrade, J., Garcia, D., Dalloyau, S., Gonzalez-Solis, J., Newton, S., Wynn, R. and Micol, T. 2013. First Meeting of the Population and Conservation Status Working Group. Recent and current research on Balearic shearwater on colonies and in Atlantic and Mediterranean areas. Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels, La Rochelle, France.

Codina-García, M., Militão, T., Moreno, J., González-Solís, J. 2013. Plastic debris in Mediterranean seabirds. Marine pollution bulletin 77(1): 220-226.

Croxall, J.P., S.H.M. Butchart, B. Lascelles, A.J. Stattersfield, B. Sullivan, A. Symes & P. Taylor. 2012. Seabird conservation status, threats and priority actions: a global assessment. Bird Conservation International 22: 1-34.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. and Kirwan, G.M. 1992. Balearic Shearwater (Puffinus mauretanicus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

García-Barcelona, S.; Ortiz de Urbina, J. M.; de la Serna, J. M.; Alot, E.; Macias, D. 2010. Seabird bycatch in Spanish Mediterranean large pelagic longline fisheries, 2000-2008. Aquatic Living Resources 23: 363–371.

García, D. 2009. Predation on the endemic Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus by Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus. Alauda 3: 230-231.

Genovart, M., Arcos, J.M., Álvarez, D., McMinn, M., Meier, R., Wynn, R., Guilford, T. & Oro, D. 2016. Demography of the critically endangered Balearic shearwater: the impact of fisheries and time to extinction. Journal of Applied Ecology 53 (4): 1158–1168.

Genovart, M.; Oro, D.; Juste, J.; Bertorelle, G. 2007. What genetics tell us about the conservation of the critically endangered Balearic Shearwater. Biological Conservation 137(2): 283-293.

Guilford T., Wynn R., McMinn M., Rodríguez A., Fayet A., Maurice L., Jones A. & Meier R. 2012. Geolocators Reveal Migration and Pre-Breeding Behaviour of the Critically Endangered Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus. PLoS ONE 7(3): e33753.

ICES. 2013. Report of the Workshop to Review and Advise on Seabird Bycatch (WKBYCS). ICES, Copenhagen, Denmark

Jones, H.P.; Tershy, B.R.; Zavaleta, E.S.; Croll, D.A.; Keitt, B.S.; Finkelstein, M.E.; Howald, G.R. 2008. Severity of the effects of invasive rats on seabirds: a global review. Conservation Biology 22(1): 16-26.

Käkelä, R., Käkelä, A., Martínez-Abraín, A.,Sarzo, B., Louzao, M. Gerique, C., Villuendas, E., Strandberg, U., Furness, R.W., Oro, D. 2010. The use of fatty acid signatures to assess bird diet: An application to a globally endangered Mediterranean seabird species. Marine Ecology Progress Series 398: 245–258.

Laneri, K., Louzao, M., Martínez-Abraín, A., Arcos, J.M., Belda, E., Guallart, J., Sánchez, A., Giménez, M., Maestre, R., Oro, D. 2010. Trawling moratoria influences longline seabird bycatch in the Mediterranean: new insights from a small scale fishery. Marine Ecology Progress Series 420: 241–252.

Le Mao, P. & Yésou, P. 1993. The annual cycle of Balearic Shearwaters and western-Mediterranean Yellow-legged Gulls: some ecological considerations. In Aguilar, J. S., Monbailliu, X. & Paterson, A. M. (Eds.), Status and conservation of seabirds. Proceedings of the 2nd Mediterranean Seabird Symposium: 135-145.

Louzao, M. 2006. Conservation biology of the critically endangered Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus: bridging the gaps between breeding colonies and marine foraging grounds. PhD thesis, University of the Balearic Islands, Spain.

Louzao, M. Arcos, J.M., Guijarro, B., Valls, M. & Oro, D. 2011b. Seabird-trawling interactions: factors affecting species-specific to regional community utilisation of fisheries waste. Fisheries Oceanography 20 (4): 263-277.

Louzao, M., Arcos, J. M., Laneria, K., Beldae, E., Guallartf, J., Sánchez, A., Giménez, M., Maestre, R. and Oro, D. 2011. [Evidence of the incidental capture of the Balearic Shearwater at sea]. Proceedings of the 6 CONGRESS of GIAM and the International workshop on petrels and shearwaters ecology at southern Europe. 34: 165-168.

Louzao, M., Delord, K., García, D., Boué, A. and Weimerskirch, H. 2012. Protecting Persistent Dynamic Oceanographic Features: Transboundary Conservation Efforts Are Needed for the Critically Endangered Balearic Shearwater. PLoS One 7(5): 1-12.

Louzao, M., García, D., Rodríguez, B. & Abelló, P. 2015. Evidence of krill in the diet of balearic shearwaters Puffinus mauretanicus. Marine Ornithology 43: 49-51.

Louzao, M., Hyrenbach, D., Arcos, J.M., Abelló, P., Gil de Sola, L. & Oro, D. 2006. Oceanographic habitat of a critically endangered Mediterranean Procellariiform: implications for the design of Marine Protected Areas. Ecological Applications 16(5): 1683-1695.

Louzao, M., Navarro, J., Forero, M.G, Igual, J.M., Genovart, M., Hobson, K.A., Oro, D. 2011a. Exploiting the closest productive area: geographical segregation of foraging grounds in a critically endangered seabird. Marine Ecology Progress Series 429: 291–301.

Louzao, M.; Arcos, J. M.; Oro, D. 2006. Biologia de la conservació d'un ocell críticament amenaçat: la Baldrijta Puffinus mauretanicus. Anuari Ornitologic de les Balears 21: 43-49.

Mayol, J., Mayol, M., Domenech, O., Oliver, J., McMinn, M. and Rodríguez, A. 2012. Aerial broadcast of rodenticide on the island of Sa Dragonera (Balearic Islands, Spain). A promising rodent eradication experience on a Mediterranean island. IUCN Aliens 32(29-32).

Meier, R. E. 2015. The at-sea behaviour and ecology of the critically endangered Balearic shearwater. PhD Thesis, University of Southampton, UK.

Meier, R.E., Votier, S. C., Wynn, R. B., Guilford, T., McMinn Grivé, M., Rodríguez, A., Newton, J., Maurice, L., Chouvelon, T., Dessier, A., and Trueman, C. N. Tracking, feather moult and stable isotopes reveal foraging behaviour of a critically endangered seabird during the non-breeding season. Diversity and Distributions in press.

Meier,R.E., Wynn, R.B., Votier, S.C., McMinn Grivé, M., Rodríguez, A., Maurice, L., van Loon, E.E., Jones, A.R., Suberg, L., Arcos, J.M., Morgan, G., Josey, S., Guilford, T. 2015. Consistent foraging areas and commuting corridors of the critically endangered Balearic shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus in the northwestern Mediterranean. Biological Conservation 190: 87-97.

Mouriño J., Arcos F., Salvadores, R., Sandoval A. & Vidal C. 2003. Status of the Balearic shearwater (Puffinus mauretanicus) on the Galician coast (NW Iberian Peninsula). Scientia Marina 67 (2): 135-142.

Navarro, J., Louzao, M., Igual, J.M., Oro, D., Delgado, A., Arcos, J.M., Genovart, M., Hobson, K.A., &Forero, M.G. 2009. Seasonal changes in the diet of a critically endangered seabird and the importance of trawling discards. Marine Biology 156: 2571-2578.

Oliveira N., Henriques A., Miodonski J., Pereira J., Marujo D., Almeida A., Barros N., Andrade J., Marçalo A., Santos J., Oliveira I.B., Ferreira M., Araújo H., Monteiro S., Vingada J. & Ramírez I. 2015. Seabird bycatch in Portuguese mainland coastal fisheries: An assessment through on-board observations and fishermen interviews. Global Ecology and Conservation 3: 51–61.

Oppel S., Meirinho A., Ramírez I., Gardner B., O'Connell A.F., Miller P.I. & Louzao M. 2012. Comparison of five modelling techniques to predict the spatial distribution and abundance of seabirds. Biological Conservation 156: 94-104.

Oro, D., Louzao, M., Forero, M.G., Arcos, J.M., Genovart, M., Juste, J. & Igual, J.M. 2008. Investigaciones aplicadas a la conservación de una especie en peligro de extinción (la Pardela Balear en el Parque Nacional de Cabrera): Requerimientos ecológicos, demografía y dinámica de poblaciones. Proyectos de Investigación en Parques Nacionales: 2003-2006. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Madrid.

Oro, D.; Aguilar, J. S.; Igual, J. M.; Louzao, M. 2004. Modelling demography and extinction risk in the endangered Balearic shearwater. Biological Conservation 116: 93-102.

Pérez-Roda, A. 2015. Identifying Important Atlantic Areas for the conservation of Balearic shearwaters: spatial overlap with conservation areas. Master thesis. University of the Basque Country, Spain.

Ramírez, I.; Geraldes, P.; Meirinho, A.; Amorim, P.; Paiva, V. 2008. Important Bird Areas for seabirds in Portugal. Sociedade Portuguesa Para o Estudo das Aves, Lisbon.

Rodríguez, A., García, D., Rodríguez, B., Cardona, E., Parpal, L. and Pons, P. 2015. Artificial lights and seabirds: is light pollution a threat for the threatened Balearic petrels? Journal of Ornithology DOI: 10.1007/s10336-015-1232-3.

Ruiz, A.; Martí, R. 2004. La Pardelar balear. SEO/BirdLife, Madrid.

SEO/BirdLife and SPEA. 2013. Species Guardian - Balearic Shearwater Final Report. Preventing Extinctions Programme. BirdLife International.

Tan, L. 2016. Foraging and breeding behaviours and their relationships with breeding performance in a pelagic seabird. Master Thesis, University of the Basque Country, Spain.

Wynn, R. B.; Josey, S. A.; Martin, A. P.; Johns, D. G.; Yésou, P. 2007. Climate-driven range expansion of a critically endangered top predator in northeast Atlantic waters. Biology Letters 3(5): 529-532.

Wynn, R. B.; McMinn-Grivé, M.; Rodriguez-Molina, A. 2010. The predation of Balearic Shearwaters by Peregrine Falcons. British Birds 103(6): 350-353.

Yesou, P. 2003. Recent changes in the summer distribution of Balearic Shearwaters (Puffinus mauretanicus) off western France. Scientia Marina 67: 143-148.

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

European Union Species Action Plan

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos, videos and sounds of this species in the Internet Bird Collection.

Species Guardian Action Update

Media resources
Arkive species - Balearic shearwater (Puffinus mauretanicus)

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Species factsheet: Puffinus mauretanicus. Downloaded from on 18/07/2018. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2018) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 18/07/2018.