LC
Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 28,400,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 23,300,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 17.2 - - -

Population justification: (Rich et al. 2004)

Trend justification: This species has undergone a large and statistically significant increase over the last 40 years in North America (779% increase over 40 years, equating to a 72.2% increase per decade; data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Belize V Extant
Bermuda (to UK) V Extant
Canada N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland V Extant
Mexico N Extant
Puerto Rico (to USA) V Extant
Russia V Extant
Russia (Asian) V Extant
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Canada Whitford and Rush Lakes
Canada Cardinal Lake
Canada Hay and Zama Lakes
Canada Peace-Athabasca Delta
Canada Lesser Slave Lake PP
Canada Lakeland
Canada Eagle, Namaka and Stobart Lakes
Canada Lac La Biche
Canada Hippa Island
Canada Anthony Island
Canada Comox Valley
Canada Active Pass
Canada Englefield Bay Islands
Canada Squamish River Area
Canada Chehalis River Estuary
Canada Baynes Sound
Canada Lambert Channel/Hornby Island Waters
Canada Kyuquot Channel Islets
Canada Checleset Bay
Canada Solander Island and Brooks Bay
Canada Moore and Byers Islands and Banks
Canada Lucy Islands
Canada Kunghit Island and Luxana Bay
Canada Rankine and Langtry Islands
Canada Skincuttle Inlet Islands
Canada Alder Island
Canada Ramsay and Northern Juan Perez Sound Islands
Canada Laskeek Bay
Canada South Thompson River
Canada Nelson River Estuary and Marsh Point
Canada Oak Hammock Marsh WMA
Canada Lake St. Martin Islands
Canada Riverton Sandy Bar
Canada Greater Rondeau Area
Canada Eastern Lake St. Clair
Canada St. Mary's River Complex (Echo Bay ON to Maxton Bay MI)
Canada Beamer Conservation Area
Canada Holiday Beach / Big Creek CA
Canada Petite Île Sainte-Geneviève
Canada Tadoussac
Canada Batture Batture aux Alouettes and mouth of Saguenay River

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major breeding
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Haliaeetus leucocephalus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/10/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/10/2020.