Bahama Hummingbird Nesophlox evelynae


Taxonomic note
Calliphlox evelynae (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) has been moved to the genus Nesophlox Ridgway, 1910, on the basis that Abrahamczyk et al. (2015) demonstrated that the species is sister to Mellisuga Brisson, 1760 and Feo et al. (2015) showed that it falls within a clade that also includes Mellisuga and Archilochus Reichenbach, 1854. 

Subsequently, N. evelynae (=C. evelynae [del Hoyo and Collar 2014]) has been split into N. evelynae and N. lyrura (which see) (Handbook of the Birds of the World and BirdLife International 2018).

Taxonomic source(s)
Abrahamczyk, S., Souto-Vilarós, D., McGuire, J. and Renner, S.S. 2015. Diversity and clade ages of West Indian hummingbirds and the largest plant clades dependent on them: a 5–9 Myr young mutualistic system. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 114(4): 848–859.
Feo, T.J., Musser, J.M., Berv, J. & Clark, C.J. 2015. Divergence in morphology, calls, song, mechanical sounds, and genetics supports species status for the Inaguan hummingbird (Trochilidae: Calliphlox ‘‘evelynae’’ lyrura). Auk 132(1): 248–264.
Handbook of the Birds of the World and BirdLife International. 2018. Handbook of the Birds of the World and BirdLife International digital checklist of the birds of the world. Version 3. Available at:

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 235,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.2 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'fairly common' (Stotz et al. (1996).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Bahamas N Extant Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Wades Green and Teren Hill
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Fish Ponds and Crossing Place Trail, Middle Caicos
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) North, Middle and East Caicos Ramsar Site
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Middle Caicos Forest
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) East Caicos and adjacent areas
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Salt Cay Creek and Salinas
Bahamas Harrold and Wilson Ponds National Park
Bahamas Southern Abaco
Bahamas Little Abaco
Bahamas Governor's Harbour
Bahamas South Tarpum Bay
Bahamas Gambier Lake
Bahamas Red Bays
Bahamas San Andros Pond
Bahamas Owenstown
Bahamas Mangrove Cay
Bahamas Stafford Creek to Andros Town
Bahamas Driggs Hill to Mars Bay
Bahamas Southern Great Lake
Bahamas Sandy Point
Bahamas Cat Island Wetlands

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest major resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Nesophlox evelynae. Downloaded from on 18/10/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 18/10/2021.