Ayres's Hawk-eagle Hieraaetus ayresii


Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

Ferguson-Lees, J. and Christie, D.A. 2001. Raptors of the World. Christopher Helm, London.

Global Forest Watch. 2021. Interactive Forest Change Mapping Tool. Available at:

Global Raptor Information Network. 2015. Species account: Ayre's Hawk-eagle Aquila ayresii. Available at: (Accessed: 03/07/2015).

Hartley, R.R. and Mundy, P.J. 2003. Morphometrics and status of Ayres's Hawk-eagle in Zimbabwe. Journal of Raptor Research 37(1): 44-54.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Kemp, A.C. & Boesman, P. 2013. Ayres's Hawk-eagle (Hieraaetus ayresii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Further resources

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Hieraaetus ayresii. Downloaded from on 27/01/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 27/01/2022.