Armenian Gull Larus armenicus


Adamian, M. S.; Klem, D. J. 1999. Handbook of the birds of Armenia. American University of Armenia, Oakland.

Aghababyan K., Khachatryan A., Gevorgyan V., Ghazaryan A. (in prep) The current state of Armenian Gull in Armenia: what was changed in 17 years. Produced by BirdLinks Armenia NGO for submission to Bird Conservation International

Ben Dov, A. 2015. The status of the Armenian Gull (Larus armenicus) in Israel .

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., Şekercioğlu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

BirdLife International. In prep.. European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.

Burger, J., Gochfeld, M. and Sharpe, C.J. 2015. Armenian Gull (Larus armenicus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Burger, J., Gochfeld, M., Sharpe, C.J. and Garcia, E.F.J. 2020. Armenian Gull (Larus armenicus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D.A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. Available at:

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Nagy, S. & Langendoen, T. 2020. Flyway trend analyses based on data from the African-Eurasian Waterbird Census from the period of 1967-2018. Wageningen, The Netherlands Available at:

Olsen, K.M. and Larsson, H. 2003. Gulls of Europe, Asia and North America. Christopher Helm, London.

Ramadan-Jaradi, Ghassan. 2017. Status and distribution of migrating and breeding Marine birds in North Lebanon. Lebanese Science Journal. Vol. 18, No. 2: 156-165.

Sheldon, R. 2017. Estimates of breeding waterbird populations in Central/SW Asia, The Caucasus and the Arabian Peninsula.

Sibley, C.G. and Monroe, B.L. 1990. Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Sibley, C.G. and Monroe, B.L. 1993. A supplement to 'Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World'. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Wetlands International. 2021. Waterbird Population Estimates. Available at: . (Accessed: 5th January 2021).

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Larus armenicus. Downloaded from on 22/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 22/02/2024.