Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis


Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2014 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 25,500,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.2 - - -

Trend justification: The population trend is increasing in the USA is increasing following reintroductions (based on BBS/CBC data: Butcher and Niven 2007), but overall declines are likely owing to habitat loss and degradation elsewhere across the large range.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina N Extant
Belize N Extant
Bolivia N Extant
Brazil N Extant
Chile N Extant
Colombia N Extant
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Ecuador N Extant
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) V Extant
French Guiana N Extant
Guatemala N Extant
Guyana N Extant
Honduras N Extant
Mexico N Extant
Nicaragua N Extant
Panama N Extant
Paraguay N Extant
Peru N Extant
Puerto Rico (to USA) U Extant
Suriname N Extant
Trinidad and Tobago N Extant
Uruguay N Extant Yes
USA N Extant
Venezuela N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Argentina Villa Iris, Chasicó, Napostá
Argentina Pastizales de La Travesía y Buena Esperanza
Argentina Parque Nacional Lihue Calel
Argentina Parque Nacional Chaco
Argentina Parque Provincial Pampa del Indio
Argentina Reserva El Bagual
Argentina Estancia Puerto Valle
Argentina Estancia San Juan Poriahú
Argentina Reserva Natural Rincón de Santa María
Argentina Estero Valenzuela
Argentina Cuenca del río Aguapey
Argentina Loma Alta
Argentina Parque Nacional Mburucuyá
Argentina Estancia Mora Cué y alrededores
Argentina Rincón del Socorro-Iberá
Argentina Lomada de San Alonso
Argentina Perdices
Argentina Nandubaysal-El Potrero
Argentina Pastizales de Ibicuy
Argentina Parque Nacional Pre-Delta
Argentina Ceibas
Argentina Bajos Submeridionales
Argentina Reserva Provincial de Usos Múltiples Federico Wildermuth
Argentina San Javier
Argentina Sur de Ramallo
Argentina Vuelta de Obligado
Argentina Barrancas de Baradero
Argentina Reserva Natural Otamendi, Reserva Provincial Río Lujan y alrededores
Argentina El Talar de Belén
Argentina Reserva Natural de Uso Múltiple Isla Martín García
Argentina Reserva Natural Punta Lara
Argentina Parque Costero del Sur
Argentina Bahía Samborombón
Argentina Laguna de Pradere
Argentina Albufera de Mar Chiquita
Argentina Reserva Provincial Laguna Salada Grande
Argentina Sierras Australes de Buenos Aires
Argentina Caldenal del Sudoeste de Buenos Aires
Argentina Estepas arbustivas del Sur de Buenos Aires
Argentina Reserva Campos del Tuyú, Estancia El Palenque y Los Ingleses
Argentina Cuenca del Río Salado
Argentina Reserva Ecológica Costanera Sur
Puerto Rico (to USA) Sierra Bermeja and Laguna Cartagena
Argentina Lagunas Encadenadas del Oeste de la Provincia de Buenos Aires
Colombia El Encanto de Guanapalo
Guyana South Central Rupununi

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable breeding
Desert Hot suitable non-breeding
Desert Hot suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded major non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded major breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Savanna Dry suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 4600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Falco femoralis. Downloaded from on 27/11/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 27/11/2022.