Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus


Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass 3.029729605 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 252,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.2 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'common' (Stotz et al. (1996).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Anguilla (to UK) N Extant Yes
Antigua and Barbuda N Extant Yes
Barbados N Extant Yes
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Curaçao (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Dominica N Extant Yes
Grenada N Extant Yes
Guadeloupe (to France) N Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) N Extant Yes
Montserrat (to UK) N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant Yes
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
St Barthelemy (to France) N Extant
St Kitts and Nevis N Extant Yes
St Lucia N Extant Yes
St Martin (to France) N Extant Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines N Extant Yes
USA V Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Anguilla (to UK) Katouche Bay Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Katouche Canyon
Antigua and Barbuda Bethesda Dam
Antigua and Barbuda Christian Valley
Antigua and Barbuda Codrington Lagoon and the Creek
Antigua and Barbuda Fitches Creek Bay
Antigua and Barbuda Potworks Dam
Antigua and Barbuda Valley Church Bay
Antigua and Barbuda Wallings Forest
Barbados Bayfield Pond
Barbados Chancery Lane Swamp
Barbados East Point Pond
Barbados Graeme Hall Swamp
Barbados St Lucy Shooting Swamps
Barbados St Philip Shooting Swamps
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Saba
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) The Quill, Sint Eustatius
Dominica Morne Diablotin National Park
Dominica Morne Trois Pitons National Park
Dominica Point Des Foux
Grenada Beausejour/Grenville Vale
Grenada Grand Etang
Grenada Mount Hartman
Grenada Mount Saint Catherine
Grenada Perseverance
Grenada Woodford
Grenada Woodlands of Grenada
Guadeloupe (to France) Forestry massif of Basse-Terre island
Guadeloupe (to France) Grand Cul-de-Sac Marin's eastern coastline
Guadeloupe (to France) îlets de la Petite-Terre
Guadeloupe (to France) Pointe des Châteaux
Martinique (to France) Forêts du Nord et de la Montagne Pelée
Martinique (to France) Grand Macabou
Martinique (to France) Mangrove de Fort de France
Martinique (to France) Massif forestier entre Le Diamant et les Trois-Îlets
Martinique (to France) Pitons du Carbet
Martinique (to France) Presqu'île de la Caravelle
Montserrat (to UK) Centre Hills
Montserrat (to UK) Northern Forested Ghauts
Montserrat (to UK) South Soufriere Hills
Puerto Rico (to USA) Ceiba and Naguabo
Puerto Rico (to USA) El Yunque
Puerto Rico (to USA) Este Central
Puerto Rico (to USA) Humacao
Puerto Rico (to USA) Jobos Bay
Puerto Rico (to USA) Karso del Sur
Puerto Rico (to USA) Vieques
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Fort Amsterdam, Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Fresh Pond, Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Little Bay, Sint Maarten
St Kitts and Nevis St. Kitts Central Forest Reserve
St Lucia Castries and Dennery Waterworks Reserve and Marquis
St Lucia Iyanola and Grande Anses, Esperance and Fond D'ors
St Lucia Mandelé Protected Landscape
St Lucia Pitons (Qualibou and Canaries)
St Martin (to France) Grand Etang
St Martin (to France) Pic Paradis
St Martin (to France) Tintamarre
St Vincent and the Grenadines Ashton Wetland
St Vincent and the Grenadines Botanic Gardens Natural Landmark
St Vincent and the Grenadines Campden Park Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Colonarie Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Cumberland Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Dalaway (Buccament) Watershed
St Vincent and the Grenadines King's Hill Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines La Soufrière National Park
St Vincent and the Grenadines Mount Pleasant Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Mustique Island
St Vincent and the Grenadines Richmond Forest Reserve
Virgin Islands (to UK) Anegada: Western salt ponds and coastal areas
Virgin Islands (to UK) Great Tobago
Virgin Islands (to USA) Great Pond
Virgin Islands (to USA) John Brewer's Bay
Virgin Islands (to USA) Magens Bay
Virgin Islands (to USA) Mangrove Lagoon
Virgin Islands (to USA) Perseverance Bay Lagoons
Virgin Islands (to USA) Southgate and Green Cay
Virgin Islands (to USA) Virgin Islands National Park

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest major resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 1000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Orthorhyncus cristatus. Downloaded from on 17/10/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 17/10/2019.