VU
Andean Flamingo Phoenicoparrus andinus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - A2acd+4acd

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Vulnerable A2acd+4acd
2014 Vulnerable A2acd+4acd
2012 Vulnerable A2bcd+3bcd+4bcd
2008 Vulnerable A2b,c,d; A3b,c,d; A4b,c,d
2006 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 793,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 743,000 medium
Number of locations 10 -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals good estimated 2005
Population trend Stable poor estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 30-49 - - -
Number of subpopulations 10 - - -
Largest subpopulations 1-89 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 15.5 - - -

Population justification: The population estimate is derived from Rocha & Quiroga (1997), Flamingo Specialist Group & Grupo para la Conservación de Flamencos Altoandinos in litt. (2005) to Wetlands International (2006); the total may be slightly higher as 38,675 individuals were counted in the 2010 International Simultaneous Census (Marconi et al. 2011).

Trend justification: From the mid-1980s to mid-1990s, the population declined from around 50,000-100,000 individuals to 34,000 (Rocha and Quiroga 1997), indicating a rapid decline. Exploitation has now decreased and results from census data suggest that the population remained stable at least between 1997 and 2010 (Marconi et al. 2011).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina N Extant Yes
Bolivia N Extant Yes
Brazil V Extant Yes
Chile N Extant Yes
Peru N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Argentina Bahía de Samborombón y Punta Rasa
Argentina Bañados de Figueroa
Argentina Bañados del Arroyo Chucul y Reserva Natural de Fauna Laguna La Felipa
Argentina Bañados del Utis
Argentina Laguna El Peinado
Argentina Laguna Grande
Argentina Laguna Guayatayoc
Argentina Laguna La Alumbrera
Argentina Laguna Los Enamorados
Argentina Laguna Melincué
Argentina Laguna Purulla
Argentina Lagunas del suroeste y relictos del Caldenal
Argentina Lagunas Runtuyoc - Los Enamorados
Argentina Lagunas San Miguel y El Sauce
Argentina Lagunillas
Argentina Luracatao y Valles Calchaquíes
Argentina Monumento Natural Laguna de Los Pozuelos
Argentina Parque Provincial Cumbres Calchaquíes
Argentina Reserva de Uso Múltiple Bañados del Río Dulce y Laguna Mar Chiquita
Argentina Reserva Natural de La Angostura
Argentina Reserva Provincial Laguna Brava
Argentina Reserva Provincial Olaroz-Cauchari
Argentina Reserva Provincial y de la Biosfera Laguna Blanca
Argentina Salar del Hombre Muerto
Argentina Salinas de Ambargasta
Argentina Salinas Grandes
Argentina Sistema de Lagunas Los Aparejos, Azul y Negra
Argentina Sistema de lagunas de Vilama-Pululos
Argentina Socompá-Llullaillaco
Bolivia Lago Poopó y Río Laka Jahuira
Bolivia Lago Titicaca (Sector Boliviano)
Bolivia Lagunas de Agua Dulce del Sureste de Potosí
Bolivia Lagunas Salinas del Suroeste de Potosí
Bolivia Parque Nacional Sajama
Bolivia Reserva Biológica Cordillera de Sama
Brazil Parque Nacional da Lagoa do Peixe
Chile Laguna del Negro Francisco y Laguna Santa Rosa
Chile Laguna Miscanti y Meñique
Chile Monumento Natural Salar de Surire
Chile Parque Nacional Lauca
Chile Parque Nacional Salar de Huasco
Chile Parque Nacional Volcán Isluga
Chile Reserva Nacional Los Flamencos - Soncor
Chile Salar de Tara
Peru Covire
Peru Lago Parinacochas
Peru Reserva Nacional Salinas y Aguada Blanca

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Salt Exploitation Sites major non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Salt Exploitation Sites major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major breeding
Altitude 2300 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits (min) 50 m

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Droughts Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Climate change & severe weather Storms & flooding Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Energy production & mining Mining & quarrying Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines
Stresses
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success
Natural system modifications Other ecosystem modifications Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Phoenicoparrus andinus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/12/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/12/2017.