Andean Condor Vultur gryphus


Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2017 Near Threatened A2de+3de+4de; C2a(i)
2016 Near Threatened
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened A2d; A3d; A4d; C1
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status altitudinal migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,520,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 6700 medium estimated 2001
Population trend Decreasing poor inferred -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 20-29 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 20-29 - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 13.1 - - -

Population justification: This species is described as uncommon and probably declining. Its population is estimated to number at least 10,000 individuals in total (surely runs into five figures), roughly equivalent to 6,700 mature individuals. Since 2000, declines have continued in Ecuador (c.65 birds in five disjunct populations remain [R. Williams in litt. 2002]), Peru and Bolivia, but it remains numerous and appears to be stable in northern Argentina (M. Pearman in litt. 2003). The largest known population is in north-west Patagonia and comprises an estimated c.300 individuals of which c.200 are adults (Lambertucci 2010). Populations in Venezuela  (<30 individuals [Cuesta and Sulbaran 2000], or fewer [Sharpe et al. 2008]) and Colombia may be maintained by reintroduction and feeding, but in Colombia at least the population may still be declining. The status of remaining populations is difficult to determine because its mortality, breeding frequency and success are so poorly known (Houston 1994).

Trend justification: A moderately rapid and ongoing decline is suspected, owing to levels of persecution by humans.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina N Extant Yes
Bolivia N Extant Yes
Brazil V Extant Yes
Chile N Extant Yes
Colombia N Extant Yes
Ecuador N Extant Yes
Paraguay V Extant
Peru N Extant Yes
Venezuela R Possibly Extinct Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Argentina Abra Grande
Argentina Alto Calilegua
Argentina Aluminé-Moquehue
Argentina Area Natural Protegida Auca Mahuida
Argentina Canal Beagle
Argentina Caspala y Santa Ana
Argentina Cerro Negro de San Antonio
Argentina Cuesta de las Higuerillas
Argentina Cuesta del Clavillo
Argentina Cuesta del Obispo
Argentina Cuesta del Totoral
Argentina El Fuerte y Santa Clara
Argentina El Infiernillo
Argentina Extensión Límite Este y Sur del Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi
Argentina Finca Las Costas/Cordón Lesser
Argentina Fincas Santiago y San Andrés
Argentina La Cornisa
Argentina Lago La Plata - Fontana
Argentina Laguna de Varvarco Campos y Tapia
Argentina Laguna Guayatayoc
Argentina Laguna Purulla
Argentina Lagunas Runtuyoc - Los Enamorados
Argentina Lagunas San Miguel y El Sauce
Argentina Lagunillas
Argentina Lotes 32 y 33, Maíz Gordo
Argentina Luracatao y Valles Calchaquíes
Argentina Monumento Natural Laguna de Los Pozuelos
Argentina Nahuel Huapi National Park and Reserve
Argentina Pampichuela
Argentina Parque Nacional Baritú
Argentina Parque Nacional Calilegua
Argentina Parque Nacional Campo de los Alisos
Argentina Parque Nacional El Leoncito
Argentina Parque Nacional El Rey
Argentina Parque Nacional Lago Puelo - Parque Provincial Río Turbio
Argentina Parque Nacional Laguna Blanca
Argentina Parque Nacional Lanín
Argentina Parque Nacional Los Alerces y Laguna Terraplén
Argentina Parque Nacional Los Cardones
Argentina Parque Nacional Los Glaciares y adyacencias (Estancias El Sosiego, La Soledad y Anita)
Argentina Parque Nacional Perito Moreno y Reserva Provincial San Lorenzo
Argentina Parque Nacional Sierra de las Quijadas
Argentina Parque Nacional Talampaya
Argentina Parque Nacional Tierra del Fuego y Reserva Provincial Corazón de la Isla
Argentina Parque Provincial Copahue-Caviahue
Argentina Parque Provincial Cumbres Calchaquíes
Argentina Parque Provincial La Florida
Argentina Parque Provincial Laguna Pintascayoc
Argentina Parque Provincial Los Ñuñorcos y Reserva Natural Quebrada del Portugués
Argentina Península Mitre
Argentina Quebrada de las Conchas
Argentina Quebrada del Condorito National Park and Reserva Hidrica Provincial Pampa de Achala
Argentina Quebrada del Toro
Argentina Queñoales de Santa Catalina
Argentina Reserva de la Biosfera Parque Nacional San Guillermo
Argentina Reserva Natural de La Angostura
Argentina Reserva Natural Las Lancitas
Argentina Reserva Provincial de Uso Múltiple Laguna Leandro
Argentina Reserva Provincial El Payén
Argentina Reserva Provincial Laguna Brava
Argentina Reserva Provincial Lagunas de Epulaufquen
Argentina Reserva Provincial Olaroz-Cauchari
Argentina Reserva Provincial Tromen
Argentina Reserva Provincial y de la Biosfera Laguna Blanca
Argentina Río Santa María
Argentina Ruinas de Quilmes
Argentina Salar del Hombre Muerto
Argentina San Francisco-Río Jordan
Argentina San Lucas
Argentina Santa Victoria, Cañani y Cayotal
Argentina Sierra de Ambato
Argentina Sierra de Metán
Argentina Sierra de Santa Victoria
Argentina Sierra de Zenta
Argentina Sierra Rosario de la Frontera
Argentina Sierras de Carahuasi
Argentina Sierras del Norte Cordobés
Argentina Sistema de lagunas de Vilama-Pululos
Argentina Sistema Uritorco
Argentina Socompá-Llullaillaco
Argentina Tiraxi y Las Capillas
Argentina Valle Colorado y Valle Grande
Argentina Valle del Río Collón Curá
Argentina Yala
Argentina Yavi y Yavi Chico
Bolivia Azurduy
Bolivia Bosque de Polylepis de Madidi
Bolivia Bosque de Polylepis de Mina Elba
Bolivia Bosque de Polylepis de Sanja Pampa
Bolivia Bosque de Polylepis de Taquesi
Bolivia Bosques de Polylepis de Cotapata
Bolivia Cuenca Cotacajes
Bolivia Cuencas de Ríos Caine y Mizque
Bolivia Lago Poopó y Río Laka Jahuira
Bolivia Lagunas de Agua Dulce del Sureste de Potosí
Bolivia Lagunas Salinas del Suroeste de Potosí
Bolivia Parque Nacional Sajama
Bolivia Reserva Biológica Cordillera de Sama
Bolivia Reserva Nacional de Flora y Fauna Tariquía
Bolivia Serranía de Aguarague
Bolivia Southern slopes of Tunari National Park (Vertiente Sur del Parque Nacional Tunari IBA)
Bolivia Yungas Superiores de Apolobamba
Bolivia Yungas Superiores de Madidi
Bolivia Yungas Superiores de Mosetenes y Cocapata
Chile Baker River Wetlands
Chile Chacabuco Valley and Baker River Entrance
Chile Corredor Biológico Nevados de Chillán-Laguna del Laja
Chile Coyahique Alto-Coite
Chile Isla Diego de Almagro
Chile Islote Albatros - Seno Almirantazgo
Chile Laguna del Negro Francisco y Laguna Santa Rosa
Chile Monumento Natural Salar de Surire
Chile Parque Nacional Lauca
Chile Parque Nacional Torres del Paine
Chile Península Antonio Varas
Chile Reserva Las Vicuñas
Chile Reserva Nacional Río Clarillo
Chile Salar de Tara
Chile Santuario de la Naturaleza Yerba Loca
Chile Sierra Baguales
Chile Valle del Yeso
Colombia Alto Quindío
Colombia Cerro Pintado (Serranía de Perijá)
Colombia Eco-parque Los Besotes
Colombia Valle del Río Frío
Ecuador Parque Nacional Cayambe-Coca
Ecuador Parque Nacional Cotopaxi
Ecuador Parque Nacional Sangay
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Antisana
Peru Alto Valle Santa Eulalia-Milloc
Peru Chalhuanca
Peru Champará
Peru Cordillera Huayhuash y Nor-Oyón
Peru Cotahuasi
Peru Laguna de los Cóndores
Peru Laguna de los Cóndores-Atuén
Peru Parque Nacional Huascarán
Peru Parque Nacional Río Abiseo
Peru Reserva Nacional de Paracas
Peru Reserva Nacional Pampa Galeras
Peru Río Abiseo y Tayabamba
Peru Santuario Nacional de Calipuy

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude major resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline marginal resident
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc marginal resident
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches marginal resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 5000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Species mortality

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Vultur gryphus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/01/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/01/2020.