Amsterdam Duck Anas marecula


Justification of Red List Category
This species was found on Amsterdam Island, French Southern Territories, but it is now Extinct having not been seen since 1793. Hunting was the main cause of its extinction.

Population justification
No extant population remains.

Distribution and population

Anas marecula was endemic to Amsterdam Island, French Southern Territories. It is only known from bones no more than a few hundred years old. A report of a small brown duck, not much larger than a thrush from Barrow's 1793 visit to the neighbouring St Paul Island presumably refers to the same or a similar species (Olson and Jouventin 1996). It is thought to have become extinct soon after the last report in 1793.


It was flightless, and is likely to have inhabited small freshwater pools and lakes.


It was presumably hunted to extinction by whalers stopping off on the island (Olson and Jouventin 1996).


Text account compilers
Brooks, T., Khwaja, N., Mahood, S.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Anas marecula. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/05/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/05/2019.