Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris


Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 31 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 38,000,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 38,400,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1000000-2999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.6 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 77,900-149,000 pairs, which equates to 156,000-298,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.10% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 1,560,000-2,980,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. National population estimates include: c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in China; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in Taiwan; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in Japan and c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in Russia (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. The European population trend is not known (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Belgium V Extant
Bhutan N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
China (mainland) N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark V Extant
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan V Extant
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Lebanon V Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Luxembourg V Extant
Malta N Extant
Moldova N Extant
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands V Extant
North Korea N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Pakistan N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Afghanistan Salang Kotal
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Armenia Pombak mountain chain
Azerbaijan Lake Gey Gel
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Mount Olympos
Greece Mount Parnassos
Greece Tymfi (Gkamila) and Smolikas mountains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lar River Protected Area
Italy Abruzzo National Park
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains
Kazakhstan Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Almaty State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Big Almaty Gorge
Kyrgyzstan Gorge Tash-Rabat
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Kyrgyzstan Western Alai, Kok-Suu river
Mongolia Khokh Serkhiin Nuruu
Mongolia Tsengel Khairkhan Mountain
Nepal Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve
Nepal Kanchenjungha Conservation Area
Nepal Langtang National Park
Nepal Makalu Barun National Park
Nepal Sagarmatha National Park
Nepal Shey-Phoksundo National Park
Nepal Tamur valley and watershed
North Macedonia Jakupica Mountain
North Macedonia River Radika catchment
North Macedonia Shar Planina Mountain
Poland Babia Gora Mountain
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Poland Karkonosze Mountains
Poland Tatra mountains
Russia (Central Asian) Kuznetsky Alatau Zapovednik
Russia (European) Alaniya National Park
Russia (European) Bazarduyzi and Shalbuzdag alpine mountains
Russia (European) Bolchoi Tkhach mountain
Russia (European) Kabardino-Balkarski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Kebyaktepe ridge
Russia (European) Kezenoi-Am lake
Russia (European) Samurski ridge
Russia (European) Sochinsky National Park
Russia (European) Targimskaya intermountain
Serbia Prokletije
Serbia Sara mountain
Serbia Suva mountain
Slovenia Grintovci
Slovenia Julijci
Slovenia Karavanke
Spain Babia-Somiedo
Spain Ordesa-Bielsa
Spain Picos de Europa mountain range
Spain Posets-Maladeta
Spain San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret
Switzerland Aletsch region
Switzerland Augstmatthorn
Switzerland Bregaglia valley
Switzerland Central Valais between Sierre and Visp
Switzerland Heinzenberg mountain and surrounding valleys
Switzerland Lower Engadine and Swiss National Park
Switzerland Maggia valley
Switzerland Piora - Dötra
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Gurnigel
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Pays d'Enhaut
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Schwyz
Switzerland Simplon region
Switzerland Upper Toggenburg and Säntis
Switzerland Valley of Zermatt
Tajikistan Dashtidjum
Tajikistan Drumkul Lake
Tajikistan Dzhavshangoz
Tajikistan Iskanderkul lake and mountains
Tajikistan Kondara Gorge
Turkey Ağrı Mount
Turkey Aladağlar
Turkey Bey Mountains
Turkey Bolkar Mountains
Turkey Buzul and İkiyaka Mountains
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains
Turkey Girdev Lake and Akdağlar
Turkey Munzur Mountains
Uzbekistan Angren Plateau
Uzbekistan Bashkyzylsay Unit of the Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve
Uzbekistan Central section of the Kurama Mountain Range
Uzbekistan Gissar State Nature Reserve
Uzbekistan Oygaing River Valley
Uzbekistan Pulatkhan Gorge
Uzbekistan Tereklisay section of the Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate major breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude 1800 - 5000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Prunella collaris. Downloaded from on 12/12/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 12/12/2019.