Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris


Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 31 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 38,000,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 38,400,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1000000-2999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.6 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 77,900-149,000 pairs, which equates to 156,000-298,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.10% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 1,560,000-2,980,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. National population estimates include: c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in China; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in Taiwan; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in Japan and c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in Russia (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. The European population trend is not known (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Belgium V Extant
Bhutan N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
China (mainland) N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark V Extant
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan V Extant
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Lebanon V Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Luxembourg V Extant
Malta N Extant
Moldova N Extant
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands V Extant
North Korea N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Pakistan N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Andorra Pirineo de Andorra
Romania Bicaz gorge and Hăşmaş Mountains
Romania Domogled - Cernei valley
Romania Rarău Mountains - Giumalău
Slovenia Julijci
Poland Tatra mountains
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Greece Mount Parnassos
Greece Lefka Ori mountains, Crete
Greece Mount Idi, Crete
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Mount Peristeri
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Mount Vardousia
Greece Tymfi (Gkamila) and Smolikas mountains
Greece Athamanika mountains (Tzoumerka)
Greece Agrafa mountains
Greece Mount Chelmos (Aroania)
Greece Mount Erymanthos
Greece Mount Olympos
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Mount Koutroulis, Mount Agios Dikaios and Modia plateau, Crete
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Central Rodopi mountains and Nestos valley
Hungary Bükk
Russia (European) Bazarduyzi and Shalbuzdag alpine mountains
Russia (European) Caucasus Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Teberdinski Nature Reserve
Spain Sierra Nevada mountain range
Spain Gredos and Candelario mountain ranges
Spain San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret
Spain Alt Pallars
Spain Cerdaña
Spain Boumort mountains
Spain Cadí mountains
Spain La Losa-Orduña (Salvada mountain range)
Spain Fuentes Carrionas
Spain Oña and Tesla mountain ranges
Spain Babia-Somiedo
Spain Central ranges of the Cantabric mountains
Spain Picos de Europa mountain range
Spain Collarada-Telera
Spain Panticosa-Vignemale-Tendeñera
Spain Ordesa-Bielsa
Spain Gistaín-Cotiella
Spain Posets-Maladeta
Spain Oturia-Canciás
Spain Belagua-Ansó-Hecho
France Montagne Sainte-Victoire
France Bois du Chapitre
France Monts et Plomb du Cantal
France Vallée d'Asco
France Vallée de la Restonica
France Vallée du Verghello
France Bois des Ayes
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Grigne
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains
Italy Lagorai mountains
Italy Tarvisio Forest
Italy Gran Sasso d'Italia
Italy Carniche Alps
Italy Rieti mountains
Italy Ernici and Simbruini mountains
Italy Sirente, Velino and Duchessa mountains
Italy Mount Cervati
Italy Apennines from Passo del Cerreto to Monte Caligi
Italy Alpi Apuane
Italy Maritime Alps
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys
Italy Adamello-Brenta
Italy Stelvio National Park
Italy Orobie Alps and pre-Alps
Italy Sibillini mountains
Italy Camonica valley
Italy Laga mountains
Italy Antigorio and Formazza valleys
Italy Anzasca and Antrona valleys
Italy Val Grande
Italy Mont Blanc (Italian side)
Italy Monte Rosa (Valle d'Aosta side)
Italy Dolomites
Czechia Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains)
Czechia Jeseniky mountains
Georgia Eastern Caucasus
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Velká Fatra
Slovakia Malá Fatra
Slovakia Tatry
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Slovakia Chocské hills
Serbia Sara mountain
Serbia Suva mountain
Serbia Stara mountains
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Austria Hohe Tauern National Park
Austria Nockberge National Park
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Pays d'Enhaut
Switzerland Upper Toggenburg and Säntis
Switzerland Central Valais between Sierre and Visp
Switzerland Valley of Zermatt
Switzerland Aletsch region
Switzerland Augstmatthorn
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Gurnigel
Switzerland Heinzenberg mountain and surrounding valleys
Switzerland Lower Engadine and Swiss National Park
Switzerland Simplon region
Switzerland Maggia valley
Switzerland Piora - Dötra
Switzerland Bregaglia valley
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Schwyz
Germany Ammergau mountains
Germany Karwendel and Karwendel foothills
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Northern Black Forest, west of the Murg
Germany Northern Black Forest, east of the Murg
Azerbaijan Lake Gey Gel
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains
Turkey Bolkar Mountains
Afghanistan Salang Kotal
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lar River Protected Area
Russia (European) Kebyaktepe ridge
Russia (European) Samurski ridge
Russia (European) Kabardino-Balkarski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Alaniya National Park
Russia (Central Asian) Kuznetsky Alatau Zapovednik
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
France Parc National du Mercantour
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Parc National de la Vanoise
Kazakhstan Big Almaty Gorge
Kazakhstan Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve
North Macedonia River Radika catchment
North Macedonia Jakupica Mountain
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Tandoureh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khabr-va-Rouchoon Wildlife Refuge
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Uzbekistan Bashkyzylsay Unit of the Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve
Uzbekistan Angren Plateau
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein
Austria Northern Kalkalpen
Austria Niedere Tauern
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch
Austria Karwendel
Tajikistan Dzhavshangoz
Tajikistan Kondara Gorge
Tajikistan Iskanderkul lake and mountains
Tajikistan Drumkul Lake
Kazakhstan Almaty State Nature Reserve
Tajikistan Dashtidjum
Russia (European) Bolchoi Tkhach mountain
Uzbekistan Central section of the Kurama Mountain Range
Uzbekistan Tereklisay section of the Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve
Uzbekistan Pulatkhan Gorge
Uzbekistan Oygaing River Valley
Russia (European) Kezenoi-Am lake
Russia (European) Targimskaya intermountain
Uzbekistan Gissar State Nature Reserve
North Macedonia Shar Planina Mountain
Slovenia Grintovci
Russia (European) Sochinsky National Park
Afghanistan Big Pamir
Turkey Girdev Lake and Akdağlar
Turkey Bey Mountains
Turkey Aladağlar
Turkey Munzur Mountains
Turkey Buzul and İkiyaka Mountains
Italy Abruzzo National Park
Turkey Ağrı Mount
Taiwan, China Shei-pa National Park
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains
Germany Northern Black Forest
Mongolia Khokh Serkhiin Nuruu
Mongolia Tsengel Khairkhan Mountain
Poland Karkonosze Mountains
Poland Babia Gora Mountain
Poland Gorce mountains
Poland Pieniny Mountains
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains
Kyrgyzstan Gorge Tash-Rabat
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Kyrgyzstan Western Alai, Kok-Suu river
Nepal Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve
Nepal Kanchenjungha Conservation Area
Nepal Langtang National Park
Nepal Makalu Barun National Park
Nepal Sagarmatha National Park
Nepal Shey-Phoksundo National Park
Nepal Tamur valley and watershed
Slovenia Karavanke
Armenia Dsegh
Armenia Gndasar
Armenia Haghartsin
Armenia Pombak mountain chain
Serbia Gornji Visok and Vidlic
Serbia Mokra Gora

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate major breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude 1800 - 5000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Prunella collaris. Downloaded from on 05/07/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 05/07/2020.